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AntiWar Movement

The most feared man in the US, long trained by the CIA... 9/14/01

Peter Dale Scott site on Al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden

Bin Laden sought nuclear matter, 9/16/01 Boston Globe

Mi hermano Bin Laden
, 9/16: nuclear peril

Russia's "Lost" Luggage Could Be Deadly, 11/1/98

Hand Held Neutron Bombs

Bin Laden's Finances

Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism and Usama Bin Laden , 1999

The Risks of Nuclear War

National Security Archives: Sep 11th Source Books

Genocide in Afghanistan

Chechnya

Saudi Arabia

Tajikistan

Uzbekistan

 

 

Bin Laden, Narcoterrorism, the CIA, 
and the House of Saud

Oussama bin Laden's career as narcoterrorist will sound somewhat familiar to those who have followed other CIA  assets, such as Luis Posada Carilles and Felix Rodriguez, who managed the contra resupply operation targeting Nicaragua. But the scale is entirely different.

 Le Monde, France’s equivalent of the New York Times, published an article that is a treasure trove of information. It describes some of bin Laden’s history with the CIA and the Saudi royal family, with whom he maintained close ties until late August, 2001. El Mundo, a respected liberal paper in Spain, details the substantial sums ($900+ million per year) and the suitcase-size nuclear weapons available to Ben Laden and his sophisticated organization. The Boston Globe discusses his nuclear weapons purchases in an article dated 9/16, also extracted below. 

The US seems to be censoring and an important aspect of al-Qaeda that has been widely reported in France, England,and Canada. This is that al-Qaeda earns as much as $6 billion a year from drug-trafficking. (London Daily Telegraph, 9/15/01, 9/16/01; Montreal Gazette, 9/15/01; Le Monde, 9/14/01).top

Mi hermano Bin Laden, 9/16/01, El Mundo, Spain
www.elmundo.es/2001/09/16/cronica/1047765.html
Al Qaeda recieves $900 million a year in zakat (tithings).
Also: "Según Interpol, el «Frente Internacional Islámico de Lucha contra los Judíos y los Cruzados» dispone en el Viejo Continente de una red de asociaciones pseudo-culturales encargadas de recoger cada año 200 millones de dólares.." With such sums, to which must be added revenue from a variety of businesses, including arms and narcotics, it is entirely plausible that Ben Laden has been able to acquire nuclear weapons from Russia.

Nuclear peril

The El Mundo article also states: "The latest information out of the US is that the leader's emissaries succeeded in purchasing out of the Ukraine 3 mini-nukes known as RA115 and RA116. These can be carried in a suitcase, 700 of them were manufactured in the Soviet Union. Russian sources admit they have lost at least 100 of these." 

"Las últimas informaciones procedentes de Estados Unidos señalan que los emisarios del magnate han logrado comprar en Ucrania tres miniartefactos nucleares de los conocidos con las siglas RA115 y RA116. Se trata de aparatos transportables en una maleta, de los que fueron fabricados 700 ejemplares en la Unión Soviética y de los que fuentes rusas admiten haber perdido al menos un centenar."

[See Russia's Lost Luggage for characteristics. These are 1 kiloton bombs the size of a set of golf clubs, kill up to 100,000 in a city]

See our Risks of Nuclear War page for updates on the nuclear issue.

Bin Laden sought nuclear matter, 9/16/01 Boston Globe
NEW YORK - Accused terrorist Osama bin Laden and associates in his Al Qaeda organization have tried several times to buy nuclear weapons, including one 1994 attempt to buy uranium, according to federal prosecutors. Since then, several Arabic newspapers have reported that bin Laden, now considered the chief suspect by the Bush administration for last week's attacks in New York and Washington, has succeeded in obtaining nuclear material.

In 1998, the Saudi-owned, London-based Arabic newspaper, Al-Hayat, declared bin Laden had obtained nuclear weapons - a report that was never confirmed. But several months later, the Arabic newsmagazine Al-Watan reported bin Laden, working with organized crime sources in the former Soviet republics, had obtained nuclear material. The Saudi exile reportedly gave Chechen gangsters $30 million in cash and two tons of opium in exchange for about 20 warheads, the magazine said...top

As bin Laden told Time magazine in a 1998 interview, acquiring weapons ''for the defense of Muslims is a religious duty. If I have, indeed, acquired these [nuclear, biological, or chemical] weapons, then I thank God for enabling me to do so.''

The first sign that bin Laden wanted to buy nuclear weapons was in 1998, with the arrest of Mamdouh Mahmud Salim, a key aide and co-founder of Al Qaeda. Arrested in Munich, Germany, Salim was charged with acting on behalf of bin Laden to obtain nuclear materials, including highly enriched uranium.

That same year, Salim and four other suspects were accused of plotting the deadly bombings of two American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. Salim pleaded guilty to conspiracy charges and his case was separated from the other defendants. He is scheduled to stand trial next week on a separate stabbing case involving a prison officer.

During their trial earlier this year, federal prosecutors portrayed Al Qaeda as a vast and sophisticated network dedicated to following through on bin Laden's decrees, including a call to eliminate all Americans. A star witness in the case, Jamal Ahmad Al-Fadl, a Sudanese national, described how he had been assigned the task of buying uranium for bin Laden in Khartoum, Sudan.

He was offered a 2- to 3-foot canister of uranium, with South African markings, for a price of $1.5 million, he said.  He testified he often told merchants the quality of the uranium was far more important than the cost. He then handed off the transaction to a higher-up. Although he did not know if the uranium was ever purchased, he said he received $10,000 for his efforts, and an associate later told him the uranium would be tested in Cyprus.

See http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/259/nation/
Bin_Laden_sought_nuclear_matter+.shtml
top

bin Laden guarded by 13,000-strong private army? 9/15/01
http://news.indiatimes.com/articleshow.asp?art_id=368744494

Tariq Ali: Will the Pakistani Army Revolt?, CounterPunch, 9/15
Penetrating article on the situation in Pakistan. Among the gems: Saudi Arabia funded the madrassahs, the schools that produced 225,000 alums for the war against the Russians. This was the training ground for the Taliban whose "creed is an ultra-sectarian strain, inspired by the Wahhabi sect that rules Saudi Arabia." Perhaps this explains the close ties only recently severed between the ultra-conservative royal House Saud, the main pillar of Wahhabi Islam, and Ben Laden. House Saud was a backer of South Africa in the days of Apartheid. They hate leftists with a religious fervor and admit to being at home in the 9th century, before muslim scholars built any interpretations of the Koran.

Inregards to Bin Laden and the tricky business of double agents, we quote author Peter Dale Scott who has an excellent site on Al-Qaeda and Osama bin Laden, and who has a keen understanding of these matters:

"Experience teaches us that these double agents tend to become increasingly important in the hierarchy of both the investigative agency and the party investigated. Truly successful double agents acquire their own agendas, distinguishable from those of their agency and possibly their party as well."

Note that the Taliban has almost agreed to hand over bin Laden on an earlier occasion, but only to an Islamic court and not to the Americans. See Deal over bin Laden, 8/9/99 However, the negotiations were protracted and ended in failure, after promises were not kept.

Very informative, with time lines:

Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism and Usama Bin Laden by Kimberly McCloud and Matthew Osborne, 1999

Bin Laden and son: the grooming of a dynasty 9/23 The Observer, UK Informative, discusses bin Laden's war preparations

Who Is Osama Bin Laden? 9/12 Centre for Research on Globalisation, Montreal. Goldmine of information, especially on CIA-linked heroin production in Afghanistan

Bin Ladin's Point of View Big Eye

Kim Hill Interview with Robert Fisk ZMag  9/01

Bin Laden's Finances

THE ROVING EYE: Get Osama! Now! Or else... 8/31/01 Asia Times: details the pre 9-11climat in the Osama manhunt.

The most feared man in the US, long trained by the CIA... 9/14/01top

Abstracted from LE MONDE 9/14/01
www.lemonde.fr/article/0,5987,3216--221921-,00.html

Oussama bin Laden, member of a wealthy Saudi family, graduated from the University of Jeddah in Saudi Arabia as a civil engineer, and was recruited by the CIA in 1979 as someone to work in Istanbul and take charge of funneling volunteers to Afghanistan. Today at age 43, he runs a multinational of terrorism and traffics in arms and morphine base, using covert CIA financial and money laundering techniques.

He started out in logistics and personnel in Istanbul and moved on to large scale arms smuggling financed in equal share by the US and the Saudis, reaching an annual turn over of $1.2 billion. In 1980, he moved to Afghanistan, where he remained until the Soviets leave in 1989. He was entrusted with the distribution of funds to the various Afghan groups engaged in the resistance, a key political role. He benefited back then from the complete support of the Americans and of the Saudi regime in the person of his friend prince Turki Bin Fayçal, brother of the king and head of the Saudi secret services.

Accoding to Richard Labévière, of Radio France Internationale (author of Les Dollars de la terreur, Grasset), the budding terrorist set up an opium trafficking network with his friend Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, in the province of Helmand, the country’s prime location for poppy cultivation. He continued this trafficking in Khartoum, the Sudan, where he took refuge in 1992 with a good part of "the Afghans," described by a CIA director as a secret army of 10,000 men. He supplied his friend Hekmatyar with men and arms. He creates a conglomerate, "Oussama Holdings," with interests in finance, cars, machine tools, chemical plants, and public works. Thanks to the Banque du Nord (Bank Ach-Chamal), he leads a nebulous group of companies and NGOs supporting the Sunni Islamic revolution in Algeria, Egypt, Syria, Asia and other places. At that time, his fortune is estimated at $2 billion.

But he becomes too visible, and the Saudis withdraw their overt support, stripping him of his nationality without withdrawing their covert financial support. He maintained his ties with the head of the Saudi Secret Services, prince Turki, even after 1998, when he became US public enemy number one and a bounty is placed on him. His extremely wealthy family renounced him, at least officially. It is not known how his relations with the CIA evolved, experts disagree on that point.

He moved back to Afghanistan in 1998 and became counselor and friend of the Taliban’s main spiritual leader, Mohammed Omar, whom he helps with his financial know-how, working through a bank in Khartoum managed by his son . He also re-organizes the Afghan opium networks.

Based out of a luxury villa in Kandahar, bin Laden continued to build his terrorism multinational. His organization, Al-Quaida, manages 12 training camps and has subsidiaries in 50 countries. He travels to London in his private jet where he sometimes meets with journalists. His front men in the City covertly invest in electronics, construction, and import-export. For the past year, he has had to keep a lower profile and his transactions have become more convoluted, taking place through a cascade of front companies in Pakistan, the Gulf States, and in off-shore financial havens.

In addition to income generated through investments and drug-trafficking, his organizations benefit from donations made via islamic ONGs. The ONG support stopped 3 weeks ago when an important event ocurred, modifying his relations with the Saudis. Prince Turki, his long time friend and head of the secret services, was replaced by another prince, Naouaf, a retainer of crown prince Abdallah. The reasons for this are unknown, but the ties with the Saudi royal family now seem broken. The pseudo renegade is now a pariah and all the more dangerous.

In London as elsewhere, increased central bank surveillance on money laundering operations and counter espionage investigations have constrained activists to shun well known firms, arab or otherwise, in favor of funds transfer agencies, such as Western Union, or money changers of Middle Eastern origin.

The NCIS, the British bureau in charge of fighting money laundering, describes two other networks used by islamic extremists for managing their investments: law firms and accounting offices. Large English law firms manage "islamic" investments according to Coranic principles and are less stringent than banks as to the source of funds.

topRussia's "Lost" Luggage Could Be Deadly, 11/1/98

by Eric Margolis
November 1, 1998

Call it the ultimate missing luggage story.

Last year, Gen. Alexander Lebed, Russia's former National Security Advisor, claimed more than 100 suitcase-sized nuclear weapons had `disappeared.' Another senior Russian security official, Alexei Yablokov, backed Lebed's allegations.

Lebed, now a presidential candidate, asserted Russia's military had lost track of the portable nuclear weapons, each of which can produce a 1 kiloton explosion, equivalent to 1,000 tons of TNT. A single suitcase nuke, placed in an urban area, could kill up to 100,000 people and cause enormous physical damage.

Russian security officials scoffed at Lebed's claims, blaming poor record keeping rather than theft or diversion. US officials claimed Libya, Iraq and Iran were the real nuclear danger, not mini-nukes. In fact, these nations pose a potential threat only to Israel. By contrast, Russia's missing nukes are a very real menace to US security.

Two months ago, the highest ranking officer ever to defect from GRU, Russia's military intelligence service, testified in closed hearings before Congress. The former GRU colonel, who defected in 1992, said he had personally identified locations in the US for suitcase nuclear devices that would be used in case of war.

The colonel admitted he had no knowledge any devices had actually been smuggled into the US, but said `it was possible,' because many of the weapons had disappeared from Russia's inventory. Meaning the mini-nukes are either missing - and possibly in the hands of terrorists - or secreted in the United States, Canada, and Europe.

The Soviet mini-nukes, described as the size of a golf club bag, were designed to destroy vital targets, such as military command and control centers, air defense headquarters, missile bases, communications nodes, power stations, bridges, dams, airports, and the St. Lawrence Seaway.

If one such weapon, hidden in the back of a delivery van, were detonated outside the Pentagon, America's military leadership would be decapitated.

The GRU colonel explained the mini-nukes were to be smuggled into the US the same way drugs were - by speedboat, light aircraft, or landed on the coast by Soviet subs. Soviet special force `Spetsnaz' units would retrieve the weapons and conceal them close to their intended targets. One key hiding place was Northern Virginia's beautiful Shenandoah Valley, located a short drive from Washington.

The colonel also revealed that during the 1962 Cuban missile crisis, the Soviets stockpiled suitcase nuclear weapons in Cuba without the knowledge of Castro, ready for use by special forces troops.

KGB sources also recently told me that at the height of the crisis, Soviet commanders in Cuba were authorized to launch intermediate range ballistic missiles against the US and Canada if communications links with Moscow were broken or jammed.

The US also developed a 1-kiloton nuclear suitcase bomb designed for the same tactical demolition role as the Soviet version. If the Warsaw Pact attacked westward, US Special Forces were tasked to employ the mini-nukes for behind-the- lines sabotage of Soviet command, logistics and communications. US Army field commanders were given release authority over hundreds of tactical mini-nukes in Europe, independent of NATO.

Some House Republicans claim the Soviets may have actually hidden a number of nuclear devices near Washington and New York City, where they remain. Some could still be active. Such simple, pure-fission nuclear devices may have a shelf- life of up to 8-10 years without refurbishing.

US security officials, who have been nonchalant about hidden suitcase nukes, should bear in mind the stranger- than-fiction case of a GRU `sleeper' agent who settled in Edmonton, Canada, the late 1940's as a supposed refugee from Ukraine. A decade ago, he turned himself into the RCMP, and showed them a large, trunk-bomb he had hidden in his basement. His orders: when a coded signal comes in from GRU, transport the conventional bomb in his truck to a main oil pumping station north of Edmonton, and destroy it. He had been waiting nearly 40 years.

How many other such sleepers are out there? How many have nuclear devices? This is pretty scary stuff. Not just for North America, either. Rumors have circulated for years that Israeli agents may have hidden suitcase nukes in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kiev, Odessa, Sevastapol, and Kharkov, not to mention Arab capitols, Tehran, even Pakistan.

The danger of terrorists getting their hands on a suitcase bomb is real, but lower. Arming the mini-nukes takes 30 minutes, the colonel revealed, and can only be done by trained specialists. The weapons are designed to self- destruct if improperly opened.

Unless, of course, terrorists or the Russian mafia manage to buy a nuclear specialist, or open the weapon's locks.A suitcase nuke attached to a drum of anthrax or botulism would be a hellish terror weapon, ideal for political fanatics or blackmailers. Defenses against such weapons are currently minimal, though the US is trying to develop sensors that will detect hidden nuclear weapons.

We shouldn't panic about reds under our beds with suitcase nukes, but we shouldn't ignore this very real threat, either. Given the number of Soviet suitcase nukes still hidden, or unaccounted for, it seems probable at least one will eventually be used somewhere.

Copyright Margolis, November 1998
http://www.foreigncorrespondent.com/archive/suitcase.html

Hand Held Neutron Bombstop

Hand-held Neutron Bombs

Hand-held Neutron Bombs: The inventor says we're helpless against them!
by David M. Bresnahan

Original Source:
TALK USA - The Talk of America
Formerly "Bresnahan on the Right Side"
News, information, and opinion for those who want to know the truth.

The inventor of the neutron bomb, and the so-called mini-neutron bomb believes the United States is in eminent danger of a terrorist nuclear attack. When I first interviewed him on my national radio talk show last April he was given little attention by the press. Now that top Russian military are confirming Sam Cohen's claims, maybe now people will listen to what he has to say.

After a 40-year career in nuclear weapons development, Sam Cohen is now retired. During World War II he was assigned to the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos. After the war Cohen went to work for the Rand Corporation as a nuclear weapons analyst. In 1958 he developed the technical and military concept of the neutron bomb. He has continued to serve as a consultant to the Los Alamos and Livermore, the U.S. Air Force, and the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Cohen had long been an advocate of discriminate use of mini-nuke battlefield weapons. He proposed their use time and time again, but politicians refused to back his suggestions.

Cohen to this day makes a strong argument for rapid victory in Korea and Vietnam through the use of grapefruit sized neutron bombs. "If we had a sizable stockpile of discriminate mini-nukes, it the war would have ended very quickly in our favor," Cohen says of the controversial military conflicts. His proposal to the Johnson administration was turned down very firmly.

When the U.S. began preparations for the Persian Gulf War, Cohen presented his proposal again. This time it was the Bush administration that turned a deaf ear. Cohen even published an article about his proposal for use of mini-nukes in the Los Angeles Times. "It was clear to me that we should stop the massive buildup of conventional weapons and instead use mini-nukes," explained Cohen.

He claims his article won the support of a handful of congressmen who spoke in support of his proposal. However, the Bush administration strengthened itAEs determination to accomplish the task with conventional weapons alone.

"Nuclear weapons, no matter how low-yield and discriminate they may be, have been politically ruled out for use on the battlefield. Better that we might suffer hundreds of thousands of casualties in a conventional war, and maybe even fail in our objectives, than to use mini-nukes to win in short order. This may be politically correct, but morally something seems to be sadly lacking," Cohen concluded.

He pointed out that Congress passed legislation during the Bush administration, with continued endorsement by the Clinton administration, that forbids the testing, development, or stockpiling of mini-nukes. He also insists that Congress and the President are well aware that other countries as well as anti-American terrorists have an ample supply.

Cohen says he has numerous contacts in the intelligence community who are as concerned as he is. He claims they have confirmed to him that the spread of nuclear capabilities in potential enemy areas of the world is growing rapidly. His greatest concern is a new class of very small, very cheap, extremely effective warheads, based solely on nuclear fusion (thereby circumventing the monitoring terms of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty). These weapons are in effect mini-neutron bombs whose use would render our high-tech conventional forces useless.

"These warheads were developed during the Soviet era but work has continued under the Russian regime. There is an abundance of evidence that the underlying technology and ingredients for these devices have been smuggled out of Russia and sold to a number of nations, including terrorist ones," claims Cohen, who is upset that the U.S. is ignoring this intelligence data. Over 100 missing mini-nukes were recently reported on 60-minutes, and Cohen claims this has happened with the complicity of the Russian government, including Boris Yeltsin, and the assistance of the Russian mafia.

A terrorist could easily hand carry one of these mini-nukes in a suit case or even a paper bag. According to Cohen, it could be placed in the park across the street from the White House, or other strategic target, and detonated by timer or remote control. This type of neutron bomb would destroy every living thing for a radius of 500 yards, yet physical objects and buildings would be undisturbed. Nuclear radiation would also be quickly rendered harmless.

Because there is no mushroom cloud, or even an explosion, Cohen claims testing of such weapons cannot be detected in other countries. "So in effect we have legally denied ourselves the ability to develop and stockpile these weapons while giving an open hunting license to the rest of the world to acquire them if they so wish, with little if any fear that they will be discovered, even for countries that are party to the non-proliferation and test ban tactics," said an obviously worried Cohen.

Have we then deliberately given our enemies and potential enemies the capability to defeat our conventional ground forces? Have we enabled terrorists and anti-American radicals the ideal weapon to bring us to our knees? Cohen says very emphatically, "yes!"

Cohen warns that the age of nuclear weapons has not come to an end. Despite our arms control efforts, he believes mini-nuke battlefield weapons already exist and will continue to proliferate around the world. Cohen is warning that unless the U.S. takes immediate action, the next major conflict will be decided by the army that is first to use a mini-nuke on the battlefield. He also warns that evidence is very strong that such weapons are already in the hands of terrorists who are plotting an attack in a major U.S. city or cities.

http://www.geocities.com/Area51/Shadowlands/6583/project024.html

top

Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism and Usama Bin Laden by Kimberly McCloud and Matthew Osborne, 1999

The current trial of Usama Bin Laden and others for the August 7, 1998 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar al-Salaam, Tanzania, has shed new light on the efforts of Bin Laden and his terrorist organization, Al-Qa’ida (“The Base”), to acquire weapons of mass destruction. Prosecution witness Jamal Ahmad al-Fadl detailed his efforts to assist Bin Laden in an attempt to acquire uranium, presumably for the development of nuclear weapons, from a source in Khartoum, Sudan, in late 1993 or early 1994. Although Bin Laden has made statements in the past regarding his interest in acquiring weapons of mass destruction for a jihad (holy war) against the West, Al-Fadl’s testimony—if it proves to be credible and accurate—provides important evidence of his actions to do so.

For the rest, see http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/reports/binladen.htm

Extracted here:

Significant Events Regarding Bin Laden’s Interest in Nuclear Weapons

September 25, 1998

Bin Laden’s aide Mamdouh Mahmud Salim was arrested in Munich, Germany, and charged with acting on behalf of Bin Laden to obtain nuclear materials. In particular, Salim reportedly attempted to obtain highly enriched uranium in the mid-1990s.(6)

August 16, 1998

Israeli military intelligence sources reported that Bin Laden paid over 2 million pounds sterling to a middle-man in Kazakhstan, who promised to deliver a “suitcase” bomb to Bin Laden within two years. In an attempt to prevent Bin Laden from obtaining such weapons from Kazakhstan, Israel sent a cabinet minister to the republic to persuade the Kazakh government to prevent such exchanges from occurring.(7)

October 6, 1998

The Saudi-owned, London-based Arabic newspaper, Al-Hayat, declared that Bin Laden had obtained nuclear weapons.(8)

November 13, 1998

Expanding on information in the October 6, 1998 article in Al-Hayat, the Arabic news magazine Al-Watan Al-Arabi reported that Usama Bin Laden was engaged in a comprehensive plan to acquire nuclear weapons. From information reportedly provided by sources that included the Russian intelligence agency, the Federal Security Service (FSB), the report stated that Bin Laden had forged links with organized crime members in the former Soviet republics in Central Asia and the Caucasus.(9)

The Al-Watan Al-Arabi article cited one particular meeting in which an agreement was negotiated by some of Bin Laden’s followers and Chechen organized crime figures in Grozny, Chechnya. It was referred to as “the nuclear warheads deal.” Bin Laden reportedly gave the contacts in Chechnya $30 million in cash and two tons of opium in exchange for approximately 20 nuclear warheads. Sources stated that Bin Laden planned to have the warheads dismantled by his own team of scientists, who would then transform the weapons into “instant nukes” or “suitcase nukes.”(10)

Al-Watan Al-Arabi also reported that Bin Laden had tried a different route to acquisition before turning to Chechnya for nuclear weapons. According to the article, Bin Laden’s original strategy was to develop his own “in-house” nuclear manufacturing complex, in which small, tactical nuclear weapons would be manufactured from scratch. Beginning in 1993, Bin Laden instructed some of his aides to obtain weapons-grade uranium that could be used to develop small nuclear weapons.(11)

December 24, 1998

In an interview with Time Magazine, Bin Laden asserted that acquiring weapons of any type was a Muslim “religious duty.” When asked whether he was seeking to obtain chemical or nuclear weapons, Bin Laden replied, “Acquiring weapons for the defense of Muslims is a religious duty. If I have indeed acquired these weapons, then I thank God for enabling me to do so.”(12) He responded similarly to the same question in an ABC News interview two days later, stating, “If I seek to acquire such weapons, this is a religious duty. How we use them is up to us.”(13)

The Al-Watan al-Arabi source stated that Bin Laden’s team of scientists was composed of “five nuclear scientists from Turkmenistan,” and that the leader of the team “used to work on the atomic reactor of Iraq before it was destroyed by Israel in the 1980’s.” The same source also stated that the scientists were working to develop a nuclear reactor that could be used “to transform the fissionable material into a more active source, one which can produce a fission reaction from a very small amount of material and be placed in a package smaller than a backpack.”(14) In addition, the source stated that Bin Laden had hired “hundreds of atomic scientists” from the former Soviet Union. Reportedly, Bin Laden paid the scientists $2,000 per month, an amount much greater than their wages in the former Soviet republics.(15)

General 1997-1998

As a result of the revelations about Bin Laden’s alleged nuclear activities, intelligence agencies worldwide directed their attention to the apparent connection between opium production in Afghanistan and Al-Qa’ida’s interest in nuclear weapons. Opium farmers in Afghanistan produced approximately 3,269 tons of opium in 1997-98. In late 1998, Bin Laden reportedly sent interested parties to Afghanistan to buy large amounts of opium, probably to raise funds for Al-Qa’ida.(16)

Significant Events Allegedly Linked to Usama Bin Laden and Al-Qa’ida

February 26, 1993

Bombing of the World Trade Center in New York City, killing six and injuring 1,042 people.(17)

October 3-4, 1993

Eighteen American servicemen killed—reportedly by Al-Qa’ida-trained fighters—in a firefight in Mogadishu, Somalia.

November 13, 1995

Bombing outside Saudi Arabia’s National Guard Communications Centre in Riyad, killing two Indians and five American servicemen.(18)

June 25, 1996

Bombing of the U.S. military housing complex, Khobar Towers, in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 19 American servicemen.

August 23, 1996

Bin Laden’s first stated fatwa (an opinion on civil or religious matters) identifying the United States as an enemy and urging Muslims to kill American military personnel abroad.

February 23, 1998

Second fatwa against the United States issued by the International Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders, a Bin Laden-led Islamic consortium reportedly including radical Muslim leaders from Islamic Jihad, Bangladesh, the Egyptian Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya, and the Pakistani Ansar:

“For over seven years the United States has been occupying the lands of Islam in the holiest of places, the Arabian peninsula, plundering its riches, dictating to its rulers, humiliating its people, terrorizing its neighbours, and turning its bases in the peninsula into a spearhead through which to fight the neighbouring Muslim peoples . . . .“

Bin Laden called upon Muslims to fight against the United States and its people “‘in accordance with the words of Almighty God.’”(19)

August 7, 1998

Near simultaneous bombing of the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar al-Salaam, Tanzania, killing a total of 224, including 12 Americans and 38 Foreign Service Nationals, and injuring more than 4,585.(20)

August 20, 1998

In retaliation against Al-Qa’ida and Usama Bin Laden for the U.S. Embassy bombings, the United States conducted “Operation Infinite Reach,” the bombing of the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical plant in Khartoum, Sudan, followed three hours later by the destruction of a suspected terrorist training camp in Khost, Afghanistan. Officials from the Clinton White House, the State Department, and U.S. intelligence agencies said that intelligence information indicated that the pharmaceutical plant and the training camp were linked to Usama Bin Laden. Moreover, officials claimed that the Al-Shifa factory was not a pharmaceutical plant but a chemical weapons manufacturing complex engaged in the production of the nerve agent VX.(21)

October 12, 2000

Bombing of the USS Cole in the port of Aden, Yemen, killing 17 American servicemen.


Links

On Gulbuddin Hekmatyar

Links to KGB
http://rawa.hackmare.com/gul-kgb.htm

Bio
http://www.sigloxx.net/afganistan/biografias/hekmatyar.htm
en español

On Bin Laden

Special Report: My Encounters with Osama bin Laden, 1998, Christian Science Monitor


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