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AfroColombia News

Narco Colombia News     Colombia News      AfroColombia: organizations, demographics, media

‘Aguilas Negras’ put half of Colombia on their latest death threat  3/12/2020 Colombia Reports: "The “Aguilas Negras,” which appears to be tied to Colombia’s security forces, sent out a death threat to so many people it barely fits on one paper. The death threat again included Bogota Mayor Claudia Lopez, victims organization and countless social leaders, and this time added the country’s ombudsman, all of whom allegedly are “camouflaged guerrillas and militia members doing counterintelligence” that seek to “destabilize and gain power.”"

Colombian Social Leaders at Great Risk in Chocó, Arauca, Cauca and Elsewhere  3/10/2020 WOLA: "On March 4, unknown individuals killed Afro-Colombian Arley Hernan Chala, the bodyguard of prominent human rights defender and Afro-Colombian leader Leyner Palacios Asprilla. Leyner currently serves as the secretary general for the Interethnic Commission for Truth in the Pacific Region (Comision Interétnica de la Verdad de la Region Pacifico, CIVP) and is an active member of the Afro-Colombian Peace Council (CONPA) and Ethnic Commission. In our urgent action dated January 9, we urged U.S. policymakers and others to act to prevent harm from being done to ethnic leaders from the Bojayá region of Chocó Department in Colombia’s Pacific. We highlighted the deteriorating security situation faced by Leyner Palacios Asprilla (see below)."

Afro-Colombian bands keeping deep connection to African roots  3/4/2020 Face to Face Africa: "The airwaves in Palenque are filled with tunes from a sound system operator, whose shuffle includes Afro-punk, Congolese soukolous, reggae, champeta, folkloric hip-hop and then to more indigenous traditional drums and percussion, you name it."

ChocQuibTown's Goyo Breaks Down Afro-Colombian Cultural References in 'Fresa' Music Video  2/19/2020 Billboard: "I know you were heavily involved in the artistic direction of the video, can you tell me about the Afro-Colombian cultural references in "Fresa"? It's super important for me to represent those cultures because it's what makes ChocQuibTown. We are part of the African diaspora. The music video displays the future of the African diaspora but without leaving the Latino part behind. That's why it looks like we recorded in a village that could either be in Nigeria or Colombia. Our music is also influenced by these cultures and that's why we mix urban beats with cumbia and other sounds."

Peace Accord Implementation from an Afro-Colombian Perspective  2/12/2020 WOLA: "The 2016 Peace Accord includes a hard-fought Ethnic Chapter with the aim of imbuing peace implementation with Afro-Colombian and indigenous considerations, grounding commitments of the accord in ethnic communities. However, out of the Chapter’s 13 stipulations, seven (54%) have not begun implementation, four (31%) have minimum implementation, and two (15%) have intermediate levels of implementation. The lack of political will from the Duque administration to implement the Ethnic Chapter is manifested in the lack of funding being allocated to the Ethnic Chapters verification entity, now unable to fulfill its duty. Afro-Colombian communities have seen the ground gained in representation through the Ethnic Chapter backslide, along with their population being slashed by 31% in the latest national census."

La profesora que enfrentó a guerrilleros y paramilitares  1/22/2020 Justicia Rural: "Maria Inocencia fue abogada y docente sin estudiar dos carreras. Con sus fallos y lecciones salvó la vida de familiares y vecinos del pueblo. Se enfrentó a los guerrilleros y paramilitares que, al querer sancionar a alguien, visitaban la sede de la Junta de Acción Comunal y le preguntaban si debían asesinar o perdonar al «culpable». «¿Con qué autoridad moral les voy a decir que maten a una persona? ¿Qué estaba haciendo ese muchacho para que lo quieran matar?”, les preguntaba María Inocencia. Sin toga y sin martillo, la campesina pronunció sentencias en contra de la muerte."

The people of Colombia are cracking up the walls of war and authoritarianism  1/18/2020 Alternet: "Paramilitary commander Salvatore Mancuso—who had the temerity to talk about the Chiquita banana corporation and who is apparently going to return to Colombia sometime soon—is just the best-known name. Many others have found that being a paramilitary leads to a considerably shortened lifespan. Uribe, mayor of Medellín and governor of Antioquia during the heyday of the cartels, is named in numerous official documents as being close to both the narcotraffickers and the paramilitaries. The evidence keeps coming, as courts, now trying Uribe’s brother, keep getting closer to the man himself."

URGENT ACTION UPDATE: COMMUNITIES IN BOYAJA, CHOCO (WESTERN COLOMBIA) THREATENED BY ARMED GROUPS  1/6/2020 Amnesty International: "Human Rights Defender Leyner Palacios has been vocal about the presence of these illegal armed groups in the territories of the communities of Bojayá. On December 31, 2019, 300 members of the Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia placed four communities of Bojayá under forced confinement. On January 3, 2020, the AGC threatened Leyner Palacios and gave him two hours to leave the territory of Bojayá or they would kill him. We urge the Colombian government to take immediate action to guarantee his protection."

Roberto Payán sigue en medio del fuego cruzado  12/9/2019 Diario del Sur: "Sigue la situación de zozobra en el municipio de Roberto Payán ante los combates entre integrantes del frente Oliver Sinisterra que se tomó veredas del consejo comunitario Integración del Telembí, contra un nuevo grupo disidente de las Farc denominado el frente de guerra occidental Alfonso Cano... "No disparen somos civiles. Por favor no nos maten". Con estas palabras uno de los líderes trató de infructuosamente convencer a integrantes de las disidencias de las Farc para que se fueran de su territorio."

EL CRIMEN DEL DANE: EL GENOCIDIO ESTADÍSTICO DE LA GENTE NEGRA, AFROCOLOMBIANA, RAIZAL Y PALENQUERA EN COLOMBIA  11/15/2019 Renacientes: "El DANE acaba de hacer la publicación tardía de los datos censales (Censo de Población y Vivienda 2018), de la población negra, afrocolombiana, raizal y palenquera en la que de manera incomprensible desaparecen 1.3 millones de personas de nuestro pueblo. Como organizaciones plenamente relacionadas e informadas con las comunidades concluimos que se trata de un error institucional que se traduce en un genocidio estadístico."

Roundtable on Peace, Security, and Venezuelan Migration: The Current Situation Facing Displaced Afro-Colombians  10/30/2019 WOLA: "From October 30 to November 1, Howard University is hosting an event, titled “the International Conference on African/Diaspora Migrations, Displacements and Movements: Histories, Politics and Poetics” in observance of the U.N. Declaration of the Decade for the People of African Descent (2015-2024). The conference will host WOLA partners and experts who will discuss the situation facing internally displaced Afro-Colombians—who make up 30 percent of the 7.7 million internally displaced Colombians—in a roundtable event."

In Colombia’s historic town of San Basilio de Palenque, hip-hop is helping resurrect a local language in danger of dying out.  10/24/2019 BBC: "Rap folklórico palenquero represents the voice of the people, says Andris Padilla Julio, leader of the Colombian hip-hop group Kombilesa Mi. The crew rapidly switches between Spanish and another language – but it is not English, the international language of hip-hop. The other language is Palenquero, one of the two creole languages native to Colombia. There are 68 indigenous languages in the country, and many of them are under threat of going extinct from “pressure to assimilate” or Colombia’s long-running internal conflict with drug cartels and paramilitary forces. Palenquero traces its linguistic roots to the Bantu language family native to sub-Saharan Africa, and includes influence from several romance languages as well. It is centuries old, and hip-hop might help it survive further into the 21st Century."

Francia Márquez, la afrocolombiana más influyente del mundo  10/17/2019 Afroup: "De acuerdo con el medio británico,“una lideresa formidable de la comunidad afrocolombiana. Francia Márquez encabezó una marcha de mujeres de 10 días y 350 millas hacia la capital del país, para recuperar sus tierras ancestrales de los mineros ilegales de oro."

Episode 37: La reina del pelo bueno (The Queen of Good Hair)  9/12/2019 Duolingo: "All her life, Cirle Tatis Arzuza had been taught to think her curly hair was something to hide. But after years of harsh chemical treatments, Cirle learned to love her hair, and taught other women to do the same."

Cirle Pelo Bueno: una revolución desde la raíz  9/11/2019 Garbos: "Esta mujer tiene alas y agallas, una combinación de inteligencia, sensibilidad, temple y carisma que hace falta para «echarse a todo el mundo en un bolsillo», siempre para nobles propósitos. No solo hablo de su público objetivo, las mujeres de cualquier edad que compartimos la dicha de tener cabello afro. No. Pienso, por ejemplo, en una periodista de cabellos castaños y lacios que, tras la experiencia con Cirle en La Habana, se sumó a las muchas fans que ya tenía por estos lares."

For Afro-Colombians, the 2016 Peace Treaty Brought No Peace  5/23/2019 The Nation: "November 2016 should have marked a watershed moment in Colombia’s bloody history, as it is the date when the Colombian government signed a final peace accord with the FARC guerrilla group after more than half a century of war. And yet, since that date Colombia has become one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a human-rights worker. Between November 2016 and April 2019, 566 community leaders and human-rights defenders were murdered."

Attacks on Black Social Movements in Northern Cauca Continue  5/21/2019 ACSN: "Cesar Cerón was attacked after leaving a meeting on May 16. He is the Legal Representative of the Afro-Colombian Community Council of Meseta and currently running for mayor of the municipality of Suárez, Cauca. Over the course of the last ten years, Cerón has vehemently defended the rights of black, indigenous, and campesino communities confronting violence and displacement at the hands of paramilitaries and multinational corporations. Over the course of the last two years, he has faced extreme risks and been forced to leave the territory due to threats against his life."

Letter Demands Accountability for Attacks on Afro-Colombian Social Movements  5/15/2019 ACSN: "The 16 persons targeted were members of the Black Communities Process (Proceso de Comunidades Negras, PCN), the Association of Afro-Colombian Community Councils (ACONC), and the Association of Afro-descendant Women of Northern Cauca (ASOM) and the Mobilization of Afro descendant Women for the Care of Life and Ancestral Territories (Mobilizacion de Mujeres Afrodescendientes por el Cuidado de la Vida y los Territorios Ancestrales). Among those present were human rights activists Carlos Rosero, Francia Marquez, Clemencia Carabalí, Victor Hugo Mina, and Sofia Garzon, international accompaniers and two children. Two bodyguards from Colombia’s National Protection Unit (Unidad Nacional de Proteccion UNP) who responded during the assault were injured. All these leaders were instrumental in guaranteeing the inclusion of the Ethnic Chapter in the 2016 peace accord between the Colombian State and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)."

No hay otra opción que resistir - No Choice But to Resist  5/15/2019 Proceso de Comunidades Negras (PCN): "Lideresas de Proceso de Comunidades Negras - Women leaders of Black Communities Process"

U.S. and Colombian Authorities Must Respond Strongly to Brazen Attack on Afro-Colombian Human Rights Groups  5/8/2019 WOLA: "The Colombian government’s overall lack of concern regarding the interests of and the threats to ethnic minorities was previously made evident in the aggressive reaction of authorities towards a national protest movement known as the “minga.” Indeed, since the Duque administration has taken office, there has been a significant rollback in supporting the rights of ethnic minorities and providing them with adequate protection."

Aguilas Negras  2/25/2019 Colombia Reports: "The “Aguilas Negras” (Black Eagles) is a far-right group or collective that emerged in 2006 after the demobilization of paramilitary umbrella organization AUC. Of all illegal armed groups in Colombia, the Aguilas Negras is arguably the most mysterious, the most elusive and the most political. The group is not directly involved in drug trafficking, but has violently defended illegal gold mining and land theft operations." [Land theft nd illegal gold mining are ways of recycling drug profits.]

Violence Displaces 700+ Indigenous, Afro-Colombians in Tumaco  1/26/2019 teleSUR: "The President of the Community Action Group of Aguas Claras, Maritza Ramirez Chaverra, was severely beaten up in Tumaco during the Jan. 14 attacks. She died in the hospital Thursday, after 10 days struggling to survive."

Francia Márquez es la afrocolombiana del 2018  12/28/2018 Popayan: "Francia Márquez, la reconocida lideresa afro y defensora de derechos humanos del municipio de Suárez, Cauca, fue elegida como la afrocolombiana del año 2018 en el sector social, en el marco de un reconocimiento de la Fundación Color de Colombia y El Espectador. Se trata de una mujer que lleva más de 10 años denunciando diferentes problemáticas que afectan a sus comunidades, entre ellas la minería legal e ilegal, lo que también la llevó a obtener el premio Goldman de Medio Ambiente en el mes de abril de este año, considerado el ‘Nobel de Medio Ambiente’."

Colombia: mujeres realizan el primer Tribunal a la justicia patriarcal  12/13/2018 Saberes Africanos: "El crecimiento en los indices de impunidad en casos de violencia contra las mujeres y su relación con el modelo de justicia colombiano, motivaron la realización del primer Tribunal a la justicia patriarcal. Un espacio articulado por varias organizaciones de mujeres desde los territorios y la capital, unidas por la búsqueda de una justicia feminista y la construcción de rutas de acción conjunta frente al tema como una medida urgente."

Sandra Yáñez: Sobre antirracistas que niegan el racismo que tienen ante sus ojos  12/8/2018 Negra Cubana: Asi se habla bien de la supremacia blanca, felicitaciones a Sandra Yáñez -- "Para ellos, hombres blanco – mestizos representantes del criollismo blanqueado que tiene todos los privilegios en nuestros países, mi post tenía un tufo racista porque “no se podía generalizar diciendo que Europa es racista”. Voy a explicar en este post porque sí se puede generalizar y por qué no podemos hablar, en ningún caso de racismo anti blanco o racismo inverso."

UN rapporteur slams killings of Colombian rights defenders  12/4/2018 Tico Times: "Michel Forst, UN rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, said in an interview late Monday that armed groups have filled a power vacuum left by rebels who disarmed after signing the November 2016 agreement. Those armed groups —an amalgam of political dissidents, drug traffickers, organized crime groups and paramilitaries— “are now the main perpetrators or attacks against defenders,” he said."

Human rights activists say hitmen are targeting them in Colombia - U.N.  12/3/2018 Reuters: "Activists are being gunned down at a rate of one every two days this year in Colombia, according to Indepaz, a Bogota-based think tank."

Ghetto Kumbe gives a taste of Afro-Caribbean tradition in Colombia  10/7/2018 CGTN: "A group of musicians in Colombia are creating some unique songs. They honor their African roots with their rhythms and fuse together different musical styles to produce a distinct sound."

261 asesinatos de líderes en Colombia encienden las alarmas en las Naciones Unidas  10/5/2018 Semana: "En lo que respecta a Colombia casi todos los intervinientes escogieron una misma preocupación: la grave amenaza que persigue a los líderes sociales del país. Como haciendo hincapié una y otra vez sobre una lección reprobada, cada una de las naciones, incluyendo Alemania, Canadá, Suecia y Noruega, le pidieron diplomáticamente a Colombia medidas certeras para frenar el baño de sangre que padecen los líderes sociales y que se incrementó por lo menos cuatro veces en los últimos años."

Colombia Finally Recognizes Its First and Only Black President, Juan José Nieto Gil  8/15/2018 OK Africa: "Prior to the efforts of Guillén and Borda, Nieto Gil's legacy as the first Afro-Colombian to hold political office had been virtually erased from Colombian history, in fact when an original portrait of him from the 19th century was first discovered in a basement, in 1866 it was whitewashed and his skin was made to appear white. "No one wanted the original painting. It was found in a basement, piled up with junk and rotting," Guillén tells The City Paper Bogota. The portrait was rediscovered by Borda in the 1970s and the true color of Nieto Gil's skin resurfaced. Even then, some still attempted to deny his African ancestry."

Ser mujer, negra y líder cultural: ¿cuál es el mayor obstáculo?  8/10/2018 Arcadia: "Después de su conversación en el Coliseo El Pueblo (Cali), enmarcada en una acción del colectivo CaldodeCultivo para el proyecto “Carretera al mar”, hablamos con Francia Márquez, Nidia Góngora, Mary Grueso, Amber Henry y Aurora Vergara de las dificultades que ha implicado ser mujeres negras líderes en el mundo cultural de hoy."

The Future of Colombia’s Peace Accord: Implementing Peace for Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Communities  7/18/2018 WOLA: "During peace negotiations between the government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC), a coalition of leading indigenous and Afro-Colombian organizations, known as the Ethnic Commission, travelled to Havana to successfully advocate for the inclusion of special terms in Colombia’s peace accords. The result was the historic inclusion of the Ethnic Chapter in Colombia’s peace agreement, which recognizes the disproportionate impact of the internal armed conflict on Afro-Colombian and indigenous peoples and the need to include them in the construction of peace."

EL VICHE. Un nuevo debate sobre apropiación cultural racista en Colombia  7/14/2018 Revista Marea: "Hoy, un hombre mestizo de la ciudad de Cali, con la marca “viche del pacífico S.A.”, a través de leguleyadas pretende arrebatárnoslo y convertirlo en un producto industrial y manufacturado, para el consumo masivo de quienes no saben ni comprenden toda la carga histórica y simbólica de esta bebida, pero que en su atrevido desconocimiento pretenden adueñarsela, para lucrase de los saberes del pueblo negro al que durante siglos han rechazado y violentado."

Las comunidades negras piden pista en el Acuerdo Nacional para la Paz  6/12/2018 Las 2 Orillas: "Ese Acuerdo Nacional para la Paz, que se traza como fin llevar a la Colombia Humana a la presidencia, al parecer no está teniendo presente al pueblo negro como actor político que pone voto. La Colombia Humana que por demás salió ganadora con los votos en territorio de comunidad negra, por el hecho de que esa propuesta política levantó la bandera de la paz y estas comunidades negras históricamente han sido golpeadas por la guerra saben que no pueden volver a ella."

Las “negritas” de las bodas en Cartagena  5/23/2018 La Chachara: "Los recién casados iban de blanco impecable. Las negritas también. Los recién casados, con atuendos coloniales; las negritas, como esclavas. Estamos en el siglo XXI."

Racismo a la cartagenera: nos están blanqueando la champeta  5/22/2018 Pacifista: "La popularización de la champeta en el país ha sido un proceso que revela una forma muy particular del racismo: uno que se apropia de manifestaciones culturales afro quitándole las cosas que incomodan o disgustan."

La 'youtuber' cartagenera que lucha por reivindicar el valor del pelo chuto (rucho)  4/9/2018 Pulzo: "Cirle Tatis, creadora del movimiento ‘Pelo bueno’, fue una de las invitadas del programa 'Los Informantes' este domingo y contó cómo ha sido su lucha para aceptar sus raíces y sacarle provecho a su abundante melena."

Salsa Choke Colombia  4/3/2018 AJ+: "En este violento pueblo colombiano, el baile une a los grupos rivales y cambia vidas."

En menos de un año, han asesinado a 31 líderes de sustitución de cultivos  4/2/2018 ¡Pacifista!: "De acuerdo con investigaciones de la Fip, las disidencias [ex FARC] están controlando las rutas de los cultivos ilícitos en Meta, Guaviare y Caquetá. Por ende, “existen probabilidades altas de que ataquen a la población que apoya la sustitución de cultivos. Ellos han expresado públicamente que se oponen al Acuerdo. El secuestro de un funcionario en mayo de 2017 es una prueba de ello”. En efecto, como lo hemos contado, en Guaviare las disidencias han saboteado la implementación de la paz, incluso con agresiones en contra de líderes sociales."

Comunidades afro: las víctimas invisibles de la coca en Tumaco  2/28/2018 ¡Pacifista!: "El tema de los cultivos conduce, inevitablemente, a hablar sobre los poderes que históricamente han tenido interés sobre este territorio: la antigua guerrilla de las Farc ahora desarmada y agrupada en un nuevo partido llamado Fuerza Alternativa Revolucionaria del Común; las disidencias de ese grupo guerrillero que no quisieron apostarle al Acuerdo de paz y ejercen influencia en la zona; otros grupos armados como el ELN y las Bacrim; las organizaciones de colonos como Asominuma; y los 15 consejos comunitarios afro de la zona que aquejan la enorme presencia de coca en sus territorios."

Asesinan a 2 líderes sociales en el municipio de Guapi, Cauca  2/10/2018 Contagio Radio: "Tanto Jesús Orlando como Jhonatan eran integrantes del Movimiento Étnico y Popular del Pacifico -MOEP, de la Coordinadora Nacional de Cultivadores de Coca, Amapola y Marihuana COCCAM y del Movimiento Politico y Social Marcha Patriotica en el Departamento del Cauca y venía impulsando el proceso de sustitución gradual y voluntaria de cultivos de uso ilícito en el Marco del punto 4 del acuerdo de la Habana."

“Colombia tiene una deuda histórica con el Pacífico”: Peter Wade, antropólogo británico  10/26/2017 El Espectador: "Uno de los académicos y antropólogos que más han estudiado a las poblaciones negras en América Latina asegura que en el país sigue existiendo exclusión. Dice que el modelo de desarrollo siempre ha marginalizado a estas minorías."

Cirle Tatis: la youtuber negra que se dejó el afro para combatir el racismo  9/29/2017 Vice: "La práctica de alisar permanentemente el pelo crespo de las mujeres negras a través de agresivos tratamientos químicos sigue siendo fuerte y popular en el Caribe colombiano. Un recorrido esa mañana por el Centro de Cartagena me lo confirmó: empresarias, meseras, recepcionistas, estudiantes negras, todas con sus melenas aplastadas, lisas, incólumes. Ni un crespo, nada de afros."

From Palenque to the Buenaventura strike: the long-standing battle of Afro-Colombians  7/5/2017 Equal Times: "For the Black Communities’ Process (PCN), “Territory – not land in the Western sense of an economic good – is a cultural right.” The war that has been tearing Colombia apart for over half a century is, therefore, “the expression of the contradiction between economic interests that see the region as a source of exportable resources and a traditional view based on life”. In this context, the collective ownership of land “is an instrument the communities can use in the fight to defend their territory,” which is the means for collectively organising a life plan."

La mala ventura del buen puerto  6/3/2017 CuestiónP: "A quienes les encanta afirmar que los “negros” siempre están bailando de fiesta en fiesta les horroriza verlos gritando cuando se rebelan y protestan. De ahí que anden espantados inventándose excusas simplonas para intentar contener la resistencia popular que se ha expresado masivamente en las últimas semanas en las calles de Buenaventura y Quibdó, con apoyo solidario por todo el país y buena parte de la comunidad internacional; expresando su cansancio con el descaro por la sostenida desatención a mínimos vitales y a los dilemas del conflicto armado en las dinámicas territoriales del Pacífico nominalmente colombiano."

Afro-Colombia City Burns In Protest As Citizens Fight for Basic Human Rights  6/1/2017 Atlanta Black Star: "Ironically, while the endless transport of commodities make private fortunes and millions in tax revenue for the country, the unemployment rate in the city of nearly half a million people is 64 percent. Additionally, the city’s infrastructure is literally crumbling, Buenaventura’s only hospital closed three years ago due to structural damage and has yet to reopen. Residents suffering serious illness have to travel three hours to Cali, the nearest major city, in order to receive medical attention. Even more perplexing is the city’s decades-long problem with its outdated water system. Despite Buenaventura’s abundant water sources, its most fortunate inhabitants can only enjoy running water every other day and for only a few hours."

Primera victoria del Pacífico colombiano frente al olvido del Estado  5/27/2017 El Pais: "Los paros cívicos en Chocó, en el Pacífico colombiano, se han convertido en una obligación. Casi anualmente, el medio millón de ciudadanos, una mayoría afrodescendiente, que vive en este departamento deja sus actividades diarias y sale a la calle para recordarle al Gobierno, del color que sea, que no tienen agua potable, alcantarillado, una sanidad y educación de calidad, y que la guerra en esta región no ha terminado."

SOLIDARIDAD CONTINENTAL AFRODESCENDIENTE CON EL PUEBLO AFROCOLOMBIANO  5/22/2017 Afromodernidades: por el Articulación Regional Afrodescendiente de América Latina y el Caribe (Capitulo Estados Unidos).

Who is Killing Colombia’s Black Human Rights Activists?  2/1/2017 OkayAfrica: "In January, at least four black community leaders were murdered in Colombia’s Pacific region, suggesting a crisis in an overlooked region of the country that is home to the majority of Afro-Colombians."

Colombian Activist Piedad Cordoba Announces Bid for President  1/15/2017 teleSUR: "Cordoba announced her decision while visiting the grave of the Cuban leader Fidel Castro in Santiago de Cuba, where she laid down flowers with a message that read, “We will follow your example and defend your legacy.”"

Caracterizan estudiantes afro para lograr plazas etnoeducativas  11/7/2016 El Universal, Colombia: "Avanza en Santiago de Tolú, la caracterización de estudiantes de las diferentes instituciones educativas del municipio, para que se autoreconozcan como afrodescendientes y así lograr que el Ministerio de Educación Nacional defina el número de plazas docentes para la cátedra de etnoeducación conforme a la Ley."

Nos siguen matando, a pesar del cese al fuego  11/3/2016 teleSUR: "Héctor Marino Carabali,activista del movimiento político progresista Marcha Patriotica, originario del Cauca, estuvo en La Habana como parte de la delegación de víctimas representante de ñaa comunidades afrodescendientes que se han visto fuertemente afectadas por los desplazamientos forzosos, los desalojos, las torturas y los asesinatos relacionados al conflicto armado. "No esperábamos que el resultado del plebiscito fuese el 'no' ", admitió el activista de Marcha Patriótica, aunque expresó sentirse optimista por el futuro del país. Este resultado es un llamado de alerta para el pueblo de Colombia, considera, ya que muchos han salido a las calles demandando la paz después de la votación."

Entre el miedo y la movilización: comunidades negras tras el plebiscito  10/9/2016 El Espectador, Colombia: "Ante los resultados del plebiscito, comunidades afrodescendientes buscan salidas para hacer efectivo el acuerdo logrado en La Habana. Así se sobreponen al miedo y la incertidumbre."

La Causa Justa de la Paz y la Unidad  9/24/2016 Cubadebate: "Piedad Córdoba, es una de las mujeres más destacadas de la política colombiana. En medio de su agitada agenda nos permitió conversar sobre muchos temas de la actualidad colombiana, más que una entrevista, fue un diálogo reflexivo y con el cuidado que el momento político requiere. La ex senadora y luchadora por la paz habló con nosotros de sus perspectivas sobre los tiempos por venir en Colombia."

DE LA DÉCIMA CONFERENCIA GUERRILLERA A NUEVOS ESCENARIOS POLÍTICOS  9/18/2016 APA: "Un gran número de colombianos y colombianas nos encontramos expectantes frente a lo que suceda en la Décima Conferencia Guerrillera de las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – Ejército del Pueblo (FARC-EP), no tanto por los resultados del primer objetivo, que es la socialización, discusión y aprobación de los acuerdos alcanzados en La Habana (Cuba) con el Gobierno nacional, sino por los resultados del segundo objetivo: el tránsito de fuerza guerrillera a partido o movimiento político."

Joven afrodescendiente muere en Bogotá por no recibir una copa de licor  7/13/2016 Metro: "En la madrugada de este lunes un joven afrodescendiente de 20 años de edad, perdió la vida en hechos que aún son materia de investigación por parte de las autoridades. Los hechos ocurrieron en el barrio Palermo sur donde el joven que aparentemente había llegado del Chocó, en un aparente caso de intolerancia fue atacado en el pecho con un cuchillo, al parecer, por no recibir un trago de unos hombres."

En Cartagena ahora el ‘Pelo Bueno’ es apretado y rizado  7/8/2016 TKM: "Con estos videos la Youtuber no solo ayuda a las mujeres de Cartagena a volver a su cabello natural sino también a recordar la reivindicación, resistencia y apropiación del discurso sobre lo que significa tener el cabello afro."

Comunidades afrodescendientes, las más amenazadas por la minería a cielo abierto  6/28/2016 El Espectador: "En una investigación elaborada por la Oficina de las Naciones Unidas contra las Drogas y el Delito (Unodc) y los ministerios de Justicia, Ambiente y Minas, divulgada este martes en Bogotá, quedó en evidencia que del total de las zonas del país donde se explota oro de aluvión (también llamado a cielo abierto), el 46% está concentrado en zonas de consejos comunitarios, es decir, en territorios en los que hay presencia de poblaciones y organizaciones afrocolombianas, raizales y palenqueras. (Vea aquí la infografía: Minería ilegal de oro a cielo abierto: una amenaza para la naturaleza)."

Denuncian racismo contra una joven afrodescendiente en Medellín  6/24/2016 Caracol Radio: “Yo decía: ¿por qué sentirme avergonzada?, Por el contrario, me acomodé mejor, me siguieron mirando, y al ver que el señor conductor arranca y verificar que nadie se iba a sentar, me acomodé mejor. Yo no me tenía que sentir avergonzada, por el contrario debieron ser ellos que creen que en pleno 2016 son una raza superior."

Dirigentes de la comunidad afrodescendiente de Colombia, amenazados de muerte tras enfrentarse a las multinacionales mineras  6/13/2016 Cronica de Aragon: "El Grupo de Trabajo de Expertos de la ONU sobre los Afrodescendientes ha expresado su alarma por las informaciones sobre la violencia que ese grupo étnico sufre en Colombia, y llama a las autoridades del país a adoptar medidas concretas para proteger a esas comunidades. El llamamiento se produce después de que varios dirigentes afrocolombianos hayan sido objeto de intimidación, incluso de amenazas de muerte, mientras realizan campañas a favor de sus derechos territoriales."

El bar que no acepta negros  6/11/2016 El Espectador: "La historia de una activista contra el racismo desde hace dos décadas, que recientemente fue víctima de discriminación en un exclusivo bar del norte de Bogotá. Analiza acciones ante la justicia y evidencia que el fenómeno crece."

“En La Habana no nos están escuchando”: Francia Márquez, líder afrodescendiente del Cauca  5/31/2016 El Pais: "Usted hizo parte del grupo de víctimas que viajaron a La Habana para discutir el proceso de paz con las Farc. ¿Cómo analiza los diálogos en el contexto del Cauca? Todos queremos que se firme un fin del conflicto, pero la verdad es que este proceso tiene muchos intereses económicos y se está haciendo para favorecer, sobre todo, a empresarios. Hay cosas que no se están discutiendo en La Habana que son muy importantes para el departamento del Cauca, tanto para las comunidades indígenas como para las comunidades negras."

Comunidad afrodescendiente radicada en el Pacífico celebran el Mayo es Ya  5/22/2016 El 19: "Con la alegría, el humor, la música, el baile y la gastronomía que les caracteriza, los miembros de la comunidad afrodescendiente radicada en Puerto Sandino, Nagarote, celebraron la tradicional fiesta “Mayo es Ya” en el Puerto Salvador Allende. En este concurrido atractivo turístico, ubicado a orillas del lago Xolotlán, la comunidad caribeña desarrolló una jornada de celebración tradicional, trayendo un poquito de la Costa Caribe nicaragüense para el disfrute de la familia del Pacífico."

Un homenaje a la mujer afrodescendiente a lo largo del continente  5/16/2016 Radio Nacional de Colombia: "Úrsula Mena de Colombia, Bruna Pereira de Brasil y Teresa Cárdenas de Cuba reflexionan con Andreiza Anaya de Afrocolombia sobre el rol de las mujeres en las artes, la cultura y la participación política."

Defensoría de Colombia denuncia asesinato de dos indígenas  4/20/2016 teleSUR: "El organismo instó a las autoridades a avanzar en las investigaciones para depurar responsabilidades, capturar a los autores materiales e intelectuales y adoptar las medidas preventivas a fin de evitar nuevos episodios."

ASESINADO JOVEN AFRODESCENDIENTE EN BUENAVENTURA -EL PARAMILITARISMO CONTINÚA CON EL EXTERMINIO  2/18/2016 Afrodescendientes: "El día (09) de noviembre del año 2015, a las 19 horas, fue encontrado muerto en la calle conocida “Cueva de Rolando”, JHON JAIRO RAMÍREZ OLAYA, afrodescendiente de 23 años y participante de varias actividades y procesos juveniles en Buenaventura. Según informaciones de la zona fue asesinado por un paramilitar conocido por el alias de “La Perry”. Jhon Jairo Ramírez fue trasladado por la policía hasta la clínica Santa Sofía pero llegó sin signos vitales. Cuarenta y cinco minutos antes de ser asesinado, había sido sacado violentamente de su casa en presencia de su familia y de los activistas juveniles de derechos humanos LEONARD RENTERIA VALLECILLA, JORGE RIVAS VALENZUELA y VÍCTOR ANGULO ADVÍNCULA, integrantes de la organización de derechos humanos ROSTROS & HUELLAS DEL SENTIR HUMANO."

Colombia: Letter Regarding Afrocolombian and Indigenous Participation in Peace Talks  2/15/2016 Pressenza: "We emphasize and deeply urge both parties to recognize the need to officially invite representatives of the Black and Indigenous peoples, to the negotiating table in Havana, as soon as possible, given the date for signing the agreements is approaching so fast that there is a risk of missing this historic opportunity to ensure the non-repetition of the exclusion based on discrimination against ethnic groups in Colombia."

Comunidad afrodescendiente de Dosquebradas, reunió con la administración  2/7/2016 El Diario del Otun: "Los representantes de más de 11.000 afrodescendientes que residen en Dosquebradas, solicitaron a la administración ayuda para resolver problemas como el desempleo, falta de vivienda, entre otras necesidades, esto en el marco de la instalación de la Mesa de Grupos Étnicos, que se adelantó."

Firman compromiso por etnias y afros  2/4/2016 El Colombiano: "Un acuerdo para la atención, sin discriminación, de las minorías en Medellín fue firmado por la Administración de la ciudad. El compromiso, suscrito durante las jornadas de elaboración del Plan de Desarrollo, obliga a las entidades del Municipio a ofrecer los servicios básicos a la población afrodescendiente, con discapacidad, Lgbti y etnias."

La comunidad afrodescendiente toma presencia en Medellín  1/27/2016 Notimerica: "Un encuentro de organizaciones de afrodescendientes que residen en Colombia se celebra, durante esta semana, en las ciudades de Medellín y Quibdó. 'MingaLab' es una estrategia que tiene como objetivo recuperar la identidad de esta cultura y darle visibilidad, haciendo desaparecer la discriminación que viven en el país. Casi el 12 por ciento de la población de Medellín la componen ciudadanos afrodescendientes, es decir, más de 236.000 habitantes tienen descendencia africana, según el censo más reciente."

San Andres: turismo, desarrollo e identidad en el Caribe  1/7/2016 El Pais: "Al verse marginados, los raizales (así se define la cultura propia del archipiélago) empezaron a identificarse como un grupo distinto y a resaltar sus particularidades étnicas. Pero analizando su discurso, en una cierta medida se pierde la autenticidad otorgada a las características de su identidad étnica. A lo largo de las décadas, muchos raizales adoptaron el catolicismo, así mismo líderes del movimiento ven el protestantismo como elemento fundamental de la identidad raizal."

Libro - Debates sobre conflictos raciales y construcciones afrolibertarias  12/15/2015 Ediciones Poder Negro: PDF, 572 paginas. Melquiceded Blandón Mena, Ramón Emilio Perea Lemos (Editores).

The Neo-Liberal Assault on Black Lives from Baltimore to Buenaventura Colombia  12/1/2015 Black Agenda Report: "Danelly Estupiñan, a powerful Afro-Colombian human rights activist and personal friend of mine, is now facing a mortal threat from the fanatical criminals aligned with powerful economic interests who are committed to keeping Black people subjugated in the port city of Buenaventura and throughout Colombia."

Raizal people of Colombian Caribbean archipelago defend cultural traditions  9/15/2015 Fox News: "The Raizals, a Creole-speaking, Afro-Caribbean people who inhabit the Colombian archipelago of San Andres, Providencia and Santa Catalina, are fighting to achieve greater respect for their centuries-old culture and achieve a place for their language in all local institutions."

Afrocolombianos, ciudadanía y territorio  6/8/2015 Aporrea: Por: Jesús Chucho García

Afrocolombianos no están solos  6/7/2015 RAV RAV: "El fin de semana pasado finalizó el primer Congreso Internacional Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio, convocado por la organización Poder Ciudadano, liderado por la líder afrocolombiana Piedad Córdoba, con el apoyo sustancial de la Articulación Regional de las Américas y el Caribe. Lideres y lideresas, académicos y representantes gubernamentales afrodescendientes procedentes de Brasil, Estados Unidos, Cuba, Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela y el mundo afrocolombiano en su esencia, pudieron develar la realidad existente en nuestras comunidades, sus avances, retrocesos, estancamientos y nuevos retos."

¿Discriminación total del Estado a los afrodescendientes?  6/2/2015 El Espectador: "En el Congreso de la República fue advertida una severa discriminación hacia la población afrodescendiente del país. En la comisión primera del Senado, el senador Armando Benedetti Villaneda, durante un debate de control político, dijo que “en Colombia no hay cifras sobre los afro, no hay políticas públicas, no hay censos y no hay nada en favor de esa población”."

Miradas afrocolombianas en Congreso Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio  6/1/2015 WanAfrica: "Pretendemos construir una hoja de ruta con acciones para reivindicar los derechos de las poblaciones afrodescendientes, además de articularlas en torno a iniciativas y proyectos comunes, explicó la abogada Piedad Córdoba durante la apertura de las sesiones teóricas. Pese a sus luchas históricas para ser reconocidos como afrocolombianos en la constitución nacional, esos grupos siguen siendo marginados de los procesos actuales, un ejemplo de ello es su exclusión de los diálogos pacificadores con sede en La Habana, donde no están representados, opinó."

Afrodescendientes entre la inclusión y la paz  5/31/2015 ALAI: por Jesús Chucho García - "En Bogotá, la semana pasada finalizó un encuentro internacional de la organización Articulación Regional Afrodescendientes de América Latina y el Caribe (ARAAC), con la finalidad de reordenar la agenda política progresista y revolucionaria de las organizaciones afro en las Américas. Esta organización (ARAAC), surgió como resultado del IV Encuentro Internacional y Transformaciones Revolucionarias realizado en Venezuela en el año 2011, de donde se desprendió un programa con incidencia hacia lo interno de cada país con población afro, y a nivel internacional la agenda para la integración desde las perspectivas de la etnoinclusión en los proyectos como Celac, ALBA, Unasur, Petrocaribe y Mercosur."

Miradas afrocolombianas en el Congreso Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio.  5/31/2015 El Muni: por Bokung Ondo Akum

Congreso Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio. Día 1-Parte 1  5/30/2015 Poder Ciudadano, YouTube: "El Primer Congreso Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio, que realizará el movimiento social y político Poder Ciudadano los días 30 y 31 de mayo, se define como un espacio académico de inclusión y crítico para reflexionar y discutir acerca de la identidad cultural afrocolombiana, el poder y la ciudadanía. Todo ello, en el marco del proceso de paz que se lleva a cabo entre Gobierno colombiano y FARC, en La Habana, Cuba."

¿Qué es ser afro en Colombia y en América?  5/29/2015 Contagio Radio: por Piedad Córdoba, Movimiento Poder Ciudadano - "En el marco del inicio del Decenio Afro en Colombia, que tendrá lugar entre el 2015 y el 2025, se llevará acabo el Foro Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio los días 30 y 32 de mayo, en el Centro de Memoria, Paz y Reconciliación en Bogotá. Según sus organizadores, el objetivo del Foro es crear un espacio de encuentro de la población afro, para tratar los temas, dinámicas, problemáticas e ideas de acción que les conciernen, ¿Qué es ser afro en Colombia?, ¿Qué significa ser afro en América Latina?"

Visión de afrodescendientes en congreso en Colombia  5/27/2015 Prensa Latina: "La idea es que al finalizar los dos días de trabajo podamos construir una hoja de ruta con acciones para reivindicar los derechos de las poblaciones afrodescendientes en Colombia y otras naciones, además de articular a sus comunidades en torno a iniciativas y proyectos comunes, explicaron coordinadores del encuentro."

"Es que ella es negra, pero bonita"  5/26/2015 Observatorio de Discriminación Racial: "Negra pero bonita” es una expresión habitual en el Caribe colombiano. Se usa para “elogiar” a una mujer que conserva rasgos de su ascendencia afro, como el color de la piel o el cabello, pero que goza de algunos atributos físicos de la blancura. Con la mezcla racial se diluye la negritud, y cuanto más diluida, más aceptable socialmente."

Poder Ciudadano prepara su primer Congreso Internacional Afrodescendiente  5/25/2015 Poder Ciudadano: "Algunos de los invitados son: Antonio Quispe Rivadeneyra, Perú; James Counts Early, Estados Unidos; Jesús Escobar, Venezuela; Jesús “Chucho” García, Venezuela; María Alexandra Ocles, Ecuador; Zobeida Gudiño, Ecuador; Esteban Morales, Cuba; Gloria Victoria Rolando Casamayor, Cuba; Ernesto Samper, Colombia; Nigeria Rentería, Colombia."

Movimiento social afrocolombiano y el decenio afrodescendiente  5/21/2015 Marcha Patriotica: "Este evento implica que se afirme una red de universidades por el Decenio que genere acciones afirmativas. Creación de políticas públicas para la población Afro; posesionar el tema de la negociación en la Habana con la presencia del pueblo Afro; colocar la agenda del movimiento del Decenio en las instituciones supranacionales que corresponden a los estados y a las instituciones no estatales; reconfigurar el trabajo de la articulación regional afrodescendiente de las Américas y el Caribe y finalmente crear el capítulo ARAAC Colombia."

Movimiento social afrocolombiano y el decenio afrodescendiente  5/21/2015 Marcha Patriótica: con agenda y lista de participantes - "Bogotá 19 de mayo 2015. En Colombia el movimiento afrodescendiente y la iniciativa de varias organizaciones nacionales y distritales afro, lanzará el decenio de los Afrodescendientes en la ciudad de Bogotá con el evento “Movimiento social afrocolombiano y el decenio de las y los afrodescendientes”, que se llevará a cabo desde el 21 al 24 de mayo. Contará con la presencia de connotados líderes de reconocimiento continental, de diferentes países como Ecuador, Perú, Uruguay, Venezuela, Bolivia, Estado Unidos, Brasil, Cuba, y de diferentes regiones de Colombia. Destacando la participación de la francesa Mireille Fanon-Mendès, hija del legendario revolucionario y académico Frantz Fanon."

El buen racista  5/21/2015 Observatorio de Discriminación Racial: "Sin embargo, su elevada corrección moral y nutrido carácter humanista no le impide mandar a sus hijos a colegios de élite, donde no hay ni un solo niño negro. Tampoco representa obstáculo para educarse en universidades segregadas, todas diversas e incluyentes debido a presencia de extranjeros blancos. El buen racista ha evolucionado tanto que a veces puede no ver el color, ni de los desplazados negros, ni de los desaparecidos negros, ni de los negros privados de la libertad. Es incapaz de cuestionar por qué el gimnasio al que asiste, los restaurantes en los que come y los lugares en los que compra son racialmente homogéneos."

Seguidores de Uribe amenazan en Bogotá a Piedad Córdoba (+ Video)  4/26/2015 Cubadebate: "Piedad Córdoba, activista y defensora de los derechos humanos y exsenadora de Colombia, sufrió la víspera una serie de ataques y hostigamientos por parte de un grupo de seguidores del senador colombiano Álvaro Uribe. La agresión se efectuó a las afueras de su vivienda en Bogotá (capital), donde los manifestantes pretendían aupar su labor en la defensa de la paz, emitiendo una serie de amenazas."

Alarma por incremento de asesinatos de afrocolombianos en Bogotá  4/15/2015 El Espectador: "Los homicidios más recientes se presentaron el pasado 9 de abril en el sur de la ciudad, cuando sujetos que se movilizaban en una motocicleta de alto cilindraje abrieron fuego contra dos hombres, identificados como Edward Samir Murillo y Daniel Perlaza. Los jóvenes, de 20 años, eran bailarines y pertenecían al grupo Son del Yembé dedicado al folclor y a la danza afrocolombiana en el sur de la ciudad. Testigos del hecho aseguraron que durante el ataque los sicarios gritaban "hay que acabar con estos negros"."

Afrodescendientes: Declaración de Bogotá 2015  4/6/2015 ALAI: por Diógenes Díaz - "Recientemente participamos en el lanzamiento del Decenio de los Afrodescendientes en Colombia, el movimiento social afrodescendiente progresista y revolucionario del hermano país reto a la derecha recalcitrante a celebrar el día de la Afrocolombianidad, el pasado 21 de Mayo con una convocatoria donde asistimos voceros de colectivos, organizaciones y movimientos avanzados del continente. La Alianza Regional Afrodescendientes de América y el Caribe -ARAAC- nació en el deslinde con la afroderecha que monitoreados por la Casa Blanca pretendía asumir la hegemonía de los y las afrodescendientes. El año 2011 fue crucial para definir los dos terrenos políticos, espacios que reproducen en lo internacional la lucha por la integración y cooperación solidaria de los pueblos (ALBA, CELAC, UNASUR) o la alternativa neoliberales (ALCA, Alianza del Pacifico). El decenio es un reto para las futuras luchas de nuestros pueblos.

Miradas afrocolombianas en Congreso Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio  3/31/2015 Prensa Latina: "Bogotá, 31 may (PL) Delegados de Ecuador, Venezuela, Perú, Brasil, Cuba y Estados Unidos participan hoy en el Congreso Ciudadanía, Etnia y Territorio, destinado a promover la reflexión sobre temas que preocupan a los pueblos afro en Colombia y el continente. Auspiciado por el movimiento Poder Ciudadano, el foro sesiona en el Centro de Memoria de esta capital."

¿Qué pasará con la curul afro de María del Socorro Bustamante tras su muerte?  3/21/2015 El Pais: "Sin embargo, será el Consejo de Estado el que decida a quién le corresponderá la curul cuando resuelva la demanda por la misma que involucra a esas dos colectividades y a una tercera: Poder Ciudadano, que también pelea por esa representación."

16 meses de prisión a concejal colombiano por racismo  2/27/2015 AP: "Un concejal colombiano fue condenado a 16 meses prisión luego de ser hallado responsable del delito de hostigamiento racial, en la primera sentencia de su tipo en el país. La condena recayó en Fernando Antonio Delgado, concejal del municipio de Marsella, en el departamento de Risaralda y a unos 188 kilómetros al oeste de Bogotá, informó la Fiscalía en un comunicado."

Audit of USAID/Colombia's Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Program  1/15/2015 Office of the Inspector General: "This memorandum transmits our final report on the subject audit. In finalizing the audit report, we considered your comments on the draft and included them in their entirety in Appendix II. This report includes six recommendations to help USAID/Colombia improve the Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Program."

Las mujeres negras en el centro de la violencia en Colombia  1/13/2015 Afrofeminas: "Recientemente en Colombia se han venido presentando una serie de hechos y fenómenos sociopolíticos que envuelven la vida de las Comunidades Negras Afrocolombianas en un sin sabor profundo. Esos acontecimientos reviven procesos pasados de lucha constante, donde las comunidades negras han salido perdiendo."

Procuraduría rechaza amenazas contra la exsenadora Córdoba  1/13/2015 El Tiempo: "La Procuraduría General de la Nación condenó y rechazó, a través de un comunicado de prensa, las amenazas que recientemente habría recibido la exsenadora Piedad Córdoba, presuntamente por miembros de organizaciones armadas al margen de la ley."

¿Por qué la molestia con que Piedad Córdoba haya viajado a Cuba?  12/15/2014 El Tiempo: "El senador uribista Fernando Nicolás Araujo, por ejemplo, dijo este fin de semana que no había por qué escuchar a personas que no han sido afectadas por la violencia de la guerrilla, sino que por el contrario parecieran defender las tesis de las Farc."

Piedad Córdoba, entre víctimas que viajarán a Cuba  12/15/2014 Noticias RCN: "La exsenadora hace parte del último grupo de víctimas que será escuchado por los negociadores del Gobierno y las Farc."

Andreiza y Afrocolombia reciben reconocimiento de USAID  11/12/2014 Señal Radio Colombia: "Nuestra compañera Andreiza Anaya y el equipo de Afrocolombia, recibieron el galardón "Medios para la Inclusión" al Mejor programa radial, un reconocimiento del Programa para Afrodescendientes e Indígenas de la Agencia de los Estados Unidos para el Desarrollo Internacional (USAID)."

El palo en la rueda de los proyectos del Pacífico  10/25/2014 Semana: "De Rosira Solís se ha dicho de todo. Que es una mujer valiente que logró reivindicar los derechos de las comunidades negras, que gracias a ella el movimiento social afrocolombiano logró visibilizarse, que es una defensora del medioambiente. Pero también que detrás de su activismo se esconden intereses personales o que es un brazo político del polémico exsenador Juan Carlos Martínez. Sin embargo, en lo que todos coinciden, es que ella se ha convertido en el ‘palo en la rueda’ de las grandes obras de infraestructura del Pacífico."

Integrating Afrodescendants in Colombia’s Post-Conflict Democracy  9/23/2014 Democracy Digest: "The International Forum for Democratic Studies at the National Endowment for Democracy cordially invites you to a presentation entitled “From Internal Displacement to Inclusive Democracy: The Afro-Colombian Experience” featuring Marino Córdoba Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellow, National Endowment for Democracy"

El negro que quiere ser general y no lo dejan  8/18/2014 Las dos orillas: "Son solo doce los negros que han logrado ostentar el grado de mayores entre los mil oficiales con este escalafón dentro de la Policía Nacional. Uno de ellos es Fabian Mosquera* quien aspira a convertirse en el tercer Teniente Coronel afro de los 600 (el 1% ) que forma el cuerpo de oficiales uniformados. Es el rostro del uno por ciento de los hombres que conforman el cuerpo de Policía, que como él, tienen la mala suerte de ser negro en las Fuerzas Militares."

Plan Colombia’s Genocidal Legacy  5/27/2014 Cuba Si: "Extinction may well be the shared fate awaiting some 40 Colombian indigenous groups, UN official Todd Howland announced last month. Howland’s assessment underlined the risks mining operations pose to these communities, and echoes the National Indigenous Organization of Colombia’s finding, presented last year, that 66 of the country’s 102 indigenous communities could soon vanish—“victims of a genocide that is forcing cultural and physical extermination.”

How political exclusion affects Colombia’s afro-descendant minority  3/6/2014 Colombia Reports: "But in 1993, the perhaps most critical piece of legislation for the community, Law 70, gave Afro-Colombians two reserved seats in the House along with the right to claim ancestral lands along the Pacific coast. These lands were to be governed by semi-autonomous political entities, and the law also established government programs to improve education access and protect cultural identity."

Piedad Córdoba dice que cree que va a ser presidenta de Colombia  10/21/2013 El Universal: ""Política no se hace solamente en los escenarios para la elección, he venido haciendo muchísima política desde que desaparecí del Congreso de la República y ocupé una curul en la calle", expresa la exsenadora Piedad Córdoba, quien estuvo el pasado sábado en Manizales presentando la candidatura al Senado de su hijo Juan Luis Castro Córdoba, e impulsando en Caldas la candidatura a la Cámara de Representantes de Nestor Toro Villa. Ella es integrante de Poder Ciudadano, disidencia progresista del Partido Liberal, pero también es vocera de Marcha Patriótica y de la Mesa nacional agraria."

Las mujeres afro y su papel en la sociedad  7/27/2013 El Mundo, Colombia 

Relatos de violencia de un país amnésico  7/25/2013 El Espectador: "Santos señaló que la responsabilidad de construir memoria a partir de la verdad es una obligación."

Construir sobre la sangre derramada  7/24/2013 El Espectador: "Ayer al mediodía, el grupo de Memoria Histórica entregó al presidente Juan Manuel Santos, en ceremonia oficial, el informe ¡Basta ya! Colombia: memorias de guerra y de dignidad, un compilado de 431 páginas que contiene en cifras y en imágenes el terror por el que han pasado las víctimas del conflicto colombiano. Las víctimas de su propio país."

Informe del Grupo de Memoria Histórica 220.000 colombianos han muerto en 55 años de violencia  7/24/2013 El Espectador: "Es como si hoy una bomba borrara Popayán: 220.000 colombianos han perdido la vida entre 1958 y 2013 por cuenta del conflicto. Más aberrante resulta saber que 176.000 de ellos eran civiles. O que 27.023 secuestros estuvieron íntimamente ligados a la barbarie de esta guerra prolongada. O que hay 10.189 colombianos amputados o muertos por minas antipersonas. O que el número de desplazados por los fusiles y las balas en estos 55 años representa la población de países como Irlanda, Costa Rica o Congo: 4,7 millones. Una radiografía de salvajismo dosificado —qué paradoja— en tiempos de democracia."

Un marco jurídico para la paz con justicia  7/24/2013 El Espectador: "La demanda promovida por La Comisión Colombiana de Juristas contra la reforma constitucional conocida como el “Marco Jurídico para la Paz”, que se debatirá hoy jueves en audiencia ante la Corte Constitucional, se orienta a respaldar el proceso de paz."

Colombian President Recognizes Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Program - Afro-Colombian Day Event Highlights USAID Support for Afro-Colombian and Indigenous  6/5/2013 ACDI Voca: "USAID and ACDI/VOCA have worked with ethnic minorities in Colombia for over a decade. The current Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Program (ACIP) is the first stand-alone program developed for the sole purpose of improving the socioeconomic and political inclusion of Afro-Colombians and indigenous people. The project works to strengthen state institutions’ ability to support minorities, enhance advocacy capacities of ethnic organizations, increase minority populations’ access to economic opportunities and publicize positive messages around ethnic minority issues. ACIP is a cooperative agreement awarded to ACDI/VOCA by USAID/Colombia."

Amenazan a líder de Bojayá.  6/5/2013 Centro de Memoria Historica: "A continuación adjuntamos el comunicado transmitido por Delis Palacio Herrón, líder comunitaria de la región. Su situación de seguridad ha sido vulnerada por las acciones de amenaza y persecución que le han sido proferidas por su trabajo político y comunitario articulado a la Asociación de Desplazados del 2 de Mayo. Delis participó activamente en el trabajo del Grupo de Memoria Histórica -GMH- durante la elaboración y el lanzamiento público del informe "Bojayá la guerra sin límites", en el que se recogen las memorias alrededor de los hechos y los contextos en los cuales se cometió la masacre del 2 mayo de 2002."

NED Annual Report 2012 Colombia  6/1/2013 NED: "Asociacion de Afrocolombianos Desplazados, $42,000. To defend the rights and promote greater attention to the needs of displaced Afro-Colombians. AFRODES will monitor the implementation of Colombia's "Victims' Law" and provide recommendations based on the concerns of displaced Afro-Colombian communities throughout the country. AFRODES will also brief members of its national network about new procedures to seek reparations and the restitution of lands under the Victims' Law."

Afrocolombianos conmemoran hoy su día nacional con foro de paz  5/21/2013 Sierra Maestra: "Los afrocolombianos conmemorarán aquí hoy el Día Nacional de esa población con un foro sobre su papel en la construcción de la paz, en el que participarán el presidente Juan Manuel Santos y el vicepresidente Angelino Garzón. La cita, con sede en la Biblioteca Nacional, unirá a diversas voces de afrodescendientes para hablar sobre el actual proceso entre el Gobierno y las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia-Ejército del Pueblo, que sesiona en Cuba desde noviembre de 2012."

Afro-Colombia: A Case for Pan-African Analysis  5/15/2013 AfroCubaWeb: by Jospeh F. Jordan - "Some who are quoted in this article have gone on to became allies of a Colombian government that was eventually recognized as one of the most corrupt in the Americas and that built an effective governmental and extra- governmental apparatus to frustrate Afro-Colombian attempts to exercise their constitutional rights. In a cynical turn, some of the same Afro-Colombians I had encountered and who had lived and worked in the U.S., ostensibly as politically progressive exiles, returned to become spokespersons for the very government that facilitated the dispossession of Afro-Colombian land in favor of development schemes by mega-corporations. Others allied and aligned themselves with programs generously funded, designed and specifically intended to neutralize or split the growing U.S. support movement for the Afro-Colombia cause. Initially, they were devastatingly effective."

Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network Statement of Concern: Recent Increase in Violence Against Afro-Colombian Communities on the Pacific Coast  2/25/2013 TransAfrica: "In anticipation of the upcoming visit of Minister Fernando Carrillo to Washington, DC, the Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network (ACSN) would like to express serious concerns with the current situation facing specific Afro-Colombian communities and leaders. We are especially concerned with recent increase in violence against Afro-Colombian communities on the Pacific coast."

Grupo Niche nuevamente de gira por Estados Unidos  2/15/2013 Sonfonia: "El Grupo Niche de Colombia, inicia formalmente su nueva gira en los Estados Unidos de América, país al cual asiste de forma ininterrumpida desde 1982, cuando su creador Jairo Varela trascendió fronteras."

José E. Mosquera Rentería: Colombia, Las nuevas formas de discriminación contra los afrocolombianos  10/21/2012 Legado Afro: "Algunas personas se han extrañado por la afirmación del presidente Juan Manuel Santos de que en su gabinete no ha incluido ningún afro porque a estos puestos se llega es por méritos."

Beso de Negra  7/23/2012 Machetes y Miel: "I was in the check-out line of a Target-equivalent last year in Bogotá, Colombia when I came across this candy. I couldn’t help but to start looking around like “No one else thinks this is nuts!? Am I taking crazy pills??” Blank stares as far as the eye could see. These kinds of things still leave me nonplussed even though at this point I should’ve grown somewhat accustomed to the many overt displays of racism that people seem to find acceptable throughout Latin America. This little delight is produced by Nestle and as much as I complain about the treatment of race in the US, I’m fairly certain a chocolate covered candy called “Kiss of a Black Woman” could not, in this day and age, fly at home."

ACSN Concerned about the criminal allegations against AfroColombian human rights defender Felix Banguero  6/18/2012 WOLA: "The Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network is very concerned about the detention of Felix Manuel Banguero, a long-time community leader and human rights defender; member of the Community Council El Pílamo; in the municipality of Guachené, Northern Cauca region; and a founder member of the Black Communities’ Process (PCN). Given the troubling climate of judicial persecution and stigmatization against human rights activists in Colombia, ACSN urges the Colombian authorities to ensure full protection of Mr. Banguero’s human rights."

NED Annual Report 2011 Colombia  6/1/2012 NED: "Corporación Manos Visibles, $40,000. To strengthen the leadership capacity of Afro-Colombian women in the City of Cartagena and the Department of Bolivar. Manos Visibles will engage Afro-Colombian women currently holding leadership positions in civil society organizations, local or regional government, or community groups, and provide them with advanced leadership training to increase their potential to promote greater social, political and economic development in their communities."

President Obama’s Green Light to FTA is a Red Flag for Afro-Colombians  4/13/2012 Afro-Colombian News: "As President Obama seems to be ready to give a green light to Colombia for the implementation of the US-Colombia Free Trade Agreement this weekend, under the guise of improvements in labor conditions and human rights, the Black Communities Process in Colombia (PCN) raises the question: what it will take for the Obama administration to understand the severity of Afro-Colombians’ human rights?"

Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Program  3/31/2012 USAID: "Through Cooperative Agreement No. AID-514-A-11-00004, dated August 30, 2011, ACDI/VOCA was awarded the Afro-Colombian and Indigenous Program (the Program) with a five-year life of project (LOP) from August 30, 2011 through August 29, 2016. While the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in Colombia has been working with ethnic minorities for over a decade through its various sectoral programs, this is the first time that a stand-alone program has been developed for the sole purpose of improving the lives of Afro-Colombian and indigenous persons. The purpose of this $61.4 million program is to improve the socioeconomic status of Afro-Colombian and indigenous persons in target areas of Colombia."

CALABAR, NIGERIA DESCENDANTS- CARABALI surname in Colombia/Ecuador,  3/19/2012 Biodiversity Forum: "ON the Southern Pacific coast of 'Colombia' and Northern Pacific coast of Ecuador there's a surname of African origin, it is CARABALI. It is said to be a corruption/or re-saying of the city CALABAR in Nigeria. It is said that these Africans were brought from the port of Calabar and thus given the surname CARABALI. Even till this day when we see the surname CARABALI, a very SSA person is expected behind that surname. I will post pictures of different Carabalis."

Afro-Colombian Women and Public Policy  3/8/2012 Afro-Colombian News: "Nosotras, mujeres afros, negras, raizal y palenqueras, heredera de la herencia ancestral de ORIKA, DE WINNI… hacedoras de vida, como seres sensibles y partícipes de la sociedad, tenemos una gran responsabilidad en el presente y futuro de las sociedades, en la medida en que el reconocimiento de nuestro ser, nuestra identidad, nuestra cosmovisión diversa, nuestro papel en la sociedad generará una dinámica en la cual seamos reconocidas, respetadas y valoradas en todos los niveles."

Victims Law Decree Fails Afro-Colombian Communities  2/3/2012 NACLA: "President Juan Manuel Santos may have spoiled an historic opportunity to bring some justice in the form of reparations and land restitution to the Afro-descendant victims of Colombia’s internal armed conflict. On December 9, Santos decreed Law 4635, ostensibly creating the means for the Colombian government to compensate and assist Afro-Colombian victims that have been kicked off their land or have suffered during Colombia’s internal conflict. Such a law is essential, as Afro-Colombians have been disproportionably victimized and dispossessed by the violence. Their communities have repeatedly endured forced internal displacement, dozens of massacres, targeted assassination of their leaders, rape of their women and children, and the stigmatization that comes with all these atrocities. However, the Colombian government failed to implement a legitimate process of participation and free, prior, and informed consultation with these groups over the law—a right granted to Afro-descendents both in the Colombian Constitution and in international treaties. Without such consultation with the victims, Law 4635 is just another piece of legislation that has made a mockery of the rights of Afro-descendants."

“Mona, mona, mona!” Whiteness, tropicality, and international accompaniment in Colombia  1/15/2012 University of British Columbia: "I started thinking about whiteness in Colombia to make sense of how international accompaniment works. Accompaniment is a grassroots security tactic being increasingly used around the world. In a conflict zone some people, particularly certain outsiders, are less likely to be attacked than others. When more privileged bodies walk alongside those under threat they can serve as “unarmed bodyguards”."

Asesinan a alcalde electo en el departamento de Nariño a un día de investidura  1/1/2012 Rebelion: "Padre de cinco hijos, Chatazar fue elegido por el Movimiento de Autoridades Indígenas de Colombia (AIC). El gobernador indígena de Santa Cruz, Servio Bernal, exigió a las autoridades esclarecer el crimen, tras llamar a la comunidad a mantener la calma."

Paramilitares causan desplazamiento de 81 familias afrodescendientes por no colaborar  12/26/2011 Rebelion: "Rebelión ha transcrito la entrevista que Contagio Radio realizó al lider comunitario Orlando Pantoja, coordinador de Cococauca. En Colombia no cesa el desplazamiento ni la guerra. Las comunidades de Timbiquí, Cauca, han tenido que desplazarse. Desde el 14 de diciembre se encuentran en el casco urbano de Guapí."

Despojos de tierras: siguen matando a mujeres líderes.-Asesinada líder de los desplazados en Mocoa  12/23/2011 Partido Comminista de Colombia: "Estando en su casa de habitación ubicada en la vereda, las planadas del municipio de Mocoa, fue vilmente asesinada la señora, ALEXA GOMEZ POLANIA, de aproximadamente 35 años madre cabeza de hogar y miembro de la Asociación de desplazados “el Progreso” de la mencionada vereda."

With FTA Secured, Colombia Takes Steps Backwards on Human Rights  12/21/2011 Anarkismo: "On October 12, the same day that the U.S. Congress passed the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA), a group of over sixty Afro-Colombian victims protested in Bogotá. The marchers, internally displaced leaders from the conflict areas of Chocó, Cauca, Valle del Cauca, Nariño and Bolivar, had a clear message, “We are marching for our right to life. The government does not protect us. We are killed, threatened and displaced so that Colombia and outside investors can make a profit off of the natural resources found in our lands. We say no to the U.S.-Colombia FTA.” While it was not uncommon to hear such statements under President Uribe’s reign, it was sobering to hear it under the Santos Administration."

Investigación Exhaustiva a los Procesos de Consulta Previa del Gobierno Pide El Proceso de Comunidad  12/9/2011 Renacientes PCN: "El Proceso de Comunidades Negras en Colombia (PCN) pidió al Procurador General de la Nación que investigue todos los llamados procesos de consulta previa conducidos por el gobierno para la aprobación de la Ley de Victimas y el Decreto Ley par alas victimas Afro-descendientes, así como el del Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2010-2014. La demanda de la organización llega después que un sinnúmero de Consejos Comunitarios y organizaciones congregadas en La Mesa Afrocolombiana, criticaran severamente estos procesos por ser excluyentes, discriminatorios y llenos de irregularidades. El PCN insiste en su comunicación, también dirigida a la Oficina de Asuntos Afrodecendientes y de Minorías, que lo que el gobierno ha presentado como consulta previa, viola el derecho de los Afrodescendientes a la consulta y consentimiento previo, libre e informado y los principios y protocolos de participación regulados por la Convenio 169 de la OIT y las sentencias de la Corte Constitucional C-891/2002 y C-080/2008."

USAID and Colombia Launch Historic Program to Support Afro-descendant and Indigenous Communities  12/7/2011 USAID: "The program seeks to guarantee human rights, improve governance, provide job skills training and increase awareness and respect of cultural diversity. USAID is investing $61 million dollars into the program that will be implemented in coordination with the Colombian government at the national, departmental and local levels. Traditional authorities of indigenous groups and Afro-descendant organizations will also participate in leadership roles."

Afro-Colombian Victims Ignored in Development of Victims’ Law  11/22/2011 Afro-Colombian News: "Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos signed Law 1448, better known as the Victims and Land Restitution Law, on June 10, 2011. The law offers a historic opportunity to provide reparations to more than four million victims of the internal armed conflict in Colombia, and the United States has expressed its support by pledging considerable financial and technical support for its implementation. However, if the law fails to include the perspectives of the victims themselves, Law 1448 will deepen the structural disadvantages and obstacles confronting the very people that it intends to help."

Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network Calls for Inclusion of Afro-Colombian Issues in Victims' Law  11/22/2011 TransAfrica 

ACSN Urges the Santos Administration to investigate paramilitary activity and protect the Afro-Colombian communities in Cacarica Chocó  11/20/2011 CRLN: "The Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network (ACSN)* is concerned for the safety of Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities in the Cacarica river basin. The Community for Self-Determination, Life and Dignity of Cacarica (CAVIDA) warns that paramilitaries are mobilizing in nearby towns including Carmen del Darién, Turbo, Apartadó and Chigorodó in order to secure territorial, economic and social control over the civilian population. The presence of illegal armed groups, including the guerrillas and paramilitary groups that did not disarm or give up territorial control of the strategic Darien/Lower Atrato area put the lives of communities at risk. Information provided to CAVIDA indicates that the villages of Vijao and El Limón, and the Humanitarian Zone of Nueva Vida may be targeted."

José Prudencio Padilla: El gigante sacrificado  11/20/2011 El Universal, Colombia: "Hemos escuchado hipnotizados por tanta maravilla informativa y reveladora a la historiadora Aline Helg, de la Universidad de Ginebra (sin duda la que más conoce de manera abrumadora sobre la vida de Padilla), las hazañas y las pequeñeces humanas que perturbaron a este gigante y lo llevaron de manera atroz al sacrificio. Cartagena que puso el mayor número de muertos en la Independencia (los mártires fueron cerca o más de 6 mil cartageneros), no se pronunció sobre la ejecución de Padilla… ¿Por qué los cartageneros no levantaron su voz para defender a Padilla? ¿Por qué el Caribe colombiano se quedó enmudecido ante semejante injusticia que se estaba cometiendo con él? Allí está la gran pregunta que se formula y responde la historiadora Aline Helg, quien afirma que desde los inicios de la guerra contra España, Bolívar estaba obsesionado y prevenido de la repercusión que tendría el poder de los pardos y su impacto en las sociedades de Venezuela y en la Costa, hasta el punto de una repetición de Haití."

Entrevista con Aline Helg: "Hay una nueva conciencia de lo afro entre la gente del Caribe y del Pacífico"  9/25/2011 Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango: "La historiadora suiza Aline Helg está de visita en el país. Antes de emprender un viaje por el Caribe Colombiano con la Expedición Padilla, la autora pasó por la Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango para el lanzamiento de su libro "Libertad e igualdad en el Caribe colombiano 1770-1835", editado en español por el Banco de la República y la Universidad Eafit. En su libro, Helg examina cómo durante los primeros años de la República, cuando se configuró la identidad nacional, se ‘invisibilizó’ a las comunidades afrocaribeñas."

Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network Calls for Protection of Afro-Colombian Communities in Cacarica, Choco  9/23/2011 TransAfrica: "The Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network (ACSN)* is concerned for the safety of Afro-Colombian and indigenous communities in the Cacarica river basin. The Community for Self-Determination, Life and Dignity of Cacarica (CAVIDA) warns that paramilitaries are mobilizing in nearby towns including Carmen del Darién, Turbo, Apartadó and Chigorodó in order to secure territorial, economic and social control over the civilian population."

Colombian Music Festival Keeps Afro-Colombian Culture Alive  9/8/2011 Upside Down World: "Afro-Colombian communities are some of the most susceptible to displacement. Their traditional homelands are often located in remote mountainous regions, which act as ideal hiding places for armed groups fighting over natural resources and drug-trafficking routes. The massive displacement numbers have worried Afro-Colombian leaders who fear they are losing their traditional culture. Together with her band, 'Bongo De Bojaya', Noency traveled to the fifteenth Petronio Alverez music festival in Cali, Southern Colombia. The festival brings together Afro-Colombian communities from across the country, who come to dance, sing and celebrate their unique culture."

The Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network (ACSN) strongly denounces the following security incidents that have taken place in Afro-Colombian communities since July  8/10/2011 TransAfrica 

Connecting Global Communities through Meaningful Cultural Interactions: Reflections on the 2011 Smithsonian Folklife Festival from a Presenter’s Perspective  8/6/2011 Smisthonian Institution: "I also found it remarkable how Xiomara's traditional hair-braiding demonstration drew interest and admiration from an incredibly diverse public, many of them familiar with similar hairstyling and cornrowing techniques despite geographic, cultural and linguistic disparities. For nearly three hours, I watched festival goers watch Xiomara as she methodically reproduced her award-winning design La chirimía chocoana; a hairstyle inspired by the traditional chirimía band of El Choco that featured braided sculptures of the five major musical wind and percussion instruments. In particular, African-American women in the audience nodded their heads in agreement and understanding as Xiomara answered a constant flow of questions about her hair-braiding process and the materials she uses. The familiarity of her craft fostered a sense of camaraderie that traversed linguistic borders, and by the end of the demonstration several observers had personally invited Xiomara to visit renowned local hair-braiding salons in the D.C. area to exchange styling techniques and ideas."

New Abuses of Afro-Colombians’ Legal Rights under Santos Administration  7/20/2011 ACSN: "Violence and intimidation tactics continue to undermine the legal framework that defends the rights of Afro-Colombians. Despite possessing collective land rights to more than 5.2 million hectares of land, Afro- Colombians are disproportionately affected by forced displacement. Democratically elected Afro- Colombian Community Councils were created with the purpose of governing the collective territories and playing an important role in defending the right to previous, free, and informed consultation and consent. However, paramilitary groups that collude with large-scale economic projects violently expel Afro- Colombian communities from their collective lands. ACSN has repeatedly denounced various expressions of violence against Afro-Colombian communities and leaders."

New Abuses of Afro-Colombians’ Legal Rights under Santos Administration  7/20/2011 WOLA: "Violence and intimidation tactics continue to undermine the legal framework that defends the rights of Afro-Colombians. Despite possessing collective land rights to more than 5.2 million hectares of land, Afro-Colombians are disproportionately affected by forced displacement. Democratically elected Afro-Colombian Community Councils were created with the purpose of governing the collective territories and playing an important role in defending the right to previous, free, and informed consultation and consent. However, paramilitary groups that collude with large-scale economic projects violently expel Afro-Colombian communities from their collective lands. ACSN has repeatedly denounced various expressions of violence against Afro-Colombian communities and leaders. Despite domestic and international awareness of the systematic destruction of Afro-Colombian communities’ rights, the threats and violence continue."

Nuevas Amenazas para Líderes del PCN y al Representante Legal del Consejo Comunitario de La Toma.  7/18/2011 Renacientes PCN: "El Equipo de Derechos Humanos del Proceso de Comunidades Negras en Colombia PCN y las demás organizaciones sociales y de derechos humanos firmantes denuncian ante la comunidad nacional e internacional los siguientes hechos que ponen en grave riesgo la vida e integridad física de los miembros del PCN y los derechos las comunidades."

Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network Condemns Ongoing Human Rights Abuses in Colombia  5/26/2011 WOLA: "On May 22, clashes between FARC and military forces broke out in Bete, Palo Blanco and Mercedes in the Middle Atrato, Choco, Colombia. The violence led to the killing of three civilians and wounding of three civilians as well as the retention and isolation of over two hundred members of the community. This most recent attack comes on the heels of a larger humanitarian crisis impacting more than thirty thousand Afro-Colombian and Indigenous civilians confined throughout the Middle Atrato."

Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network Condemns Ongoing Human Rights Abuses in Colombia  5/26/2011 WOLA: "This level of ongoing violence and abuse in Colombia is unacceptable especially at a time when the Obama Administration has announced that it plans to move forward with the FTA ."

Afro-Colombians Under Attack  5/1/2011 Solidarity: "Like 90% of the population of the Chocó region, the people of Bojayá are descendents of Africans who were brought as slaves to Colombia and who worked on extractive industries of mining, forest resources and fishing. Since manumission in 1851 Afro-Colombians have been incorporated into the Colombian nation through systems of racial hierarchies and structural racism that have materially marginalized and legally silenced them. Today, the Afro-Colombian population has some of the worst social indicators in Colombia, demonstrating extreme disparities between Afro-Colombians and the rest of the population. For instance, the annual per capita income of Afro-Colombians is between U.S. $500-$600, while the national average is $1500. Additionally 74% of the Afro-Colombian population makes less than minimum wage. These disparities are reflected in both health and education indicators as well. For Afro-Colombians infant mortality is 10-50% higher than the national average and life expectancy is 10-30% lower. Illiteracy is 43% for Afro-Colombians in rural areas while it is 23% for other rural populations."

The Invisible War Against Afro-Colombians  3/16/2011 Americas Quarterly: "This comes despite the de-escalation of Colombia’s three decade-long drug war. Still today armed militias are active and using terror tactics to expel Afro-Colombians from their ancestral territory. The reason is that the land is so valuable. It is considered among the richest in the world in terms of natural, exploitable resources, including oil, timber and minerals. Groups like the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) and Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN), which can no longer generate enough income from drug trafficking and kidnapping, are turning to mining, both legal and illegal, along the Pacific Coast to finance weapons sales, according to President Juan Manuel Santos. With gold at near record levels, neo-paramilitary groups appear to be cashing in on this business as well."

Choquibtown afirma que Colombia es racista  2/8/2011 People: "El grupo afrocolombiano nominado al GRAMMY anglo como Mejor Álbum de Rock Alternativo de Latinoamérica denunció discriminación en su país; piden que no los llamen negros."

Ex subdirector del DAS dió la información que provocó el secuestro de Piedad Córdoba  1/23/2011 Contrainjerencia 

La Corte ordena suspender proyecto vial en Barú  1/13/2011 Caracol: "La Corte Constitucional a través de una tutela ordeno suspender la construcción y mejoramiento de la vía transversal de Baru al considerar que no fue consultada la comunidad afro en esa región."

Afro-Colombian Farmers on Displacement and Resistance  1/5/2011 Upside Down World: "Activists working on behalf of Colombia’s internally displaced population are subjected to extrajudicial killings and death threats by paramilitary groups supported by the Colombian army and palm oil firms active in rural areas, Sanchez and Guzman report. "They say we're guerrillas and that they're going to kill us," says Sanchez."

Afro-Colombian Solidarity Network Statement  11/3/2010 Pan-African News Wire: "Paramilitaries Threaten Afro-Colombians that Recently Advocated for Human Rights at the OAS and U.S. Congress."

Denuncian el asesinato de 22 defensores de derechos humanos en los primeros 75 días de Santos  10/23/2010 Afrodescendientes 

Colombia: Paramilitares dominan territorios y expulsan comunidades negras e indígenas  9/16/2010 Aporrea: "La actuación de un grupo paramilitar en los límites y en el territorio de Calima, en Colombia, está perturbando y perjudicando la vida de las poblaciones afro-colombianas e indígenas que residen en el lugar. Desde julio, los paramilitares están realizando operaciones armadas, amedrentando y amenazando a la población, realizando desalojos forzados, aislando a la población y cometiendo asesinatos. Dos meses después, el estado no dio ninguna repuesta ante tan grave situación."

How African music made it big in Colombia  7/8/2010 Guardian: "Now Da Silva is making a new record with Carbonó, while two compilations – Palenque Palenque on Soundway and The Afro Sound of Colombia on Vampisoul – are introducing the rest of the world to champeta. But why did Colombians love African music so much in the first place? "This music had a big success in Colombia because of the large black population along the coast, and the African culture that's strong here," Carbóno replies."

El jefe de los escuadrones de la muerte gana las elecciones colombianas  7/1/2010 Afrodescendientes 

Todos somos afrodescendientes  5/31/2010 Territorio Chocoano: "Es indispensable conocer nuestros ancestros, es decir, saber de dónde venimos, porque casi nadie reconoce que gracias al trabajo de los africanos y sus descendientes fue posible el desarrollo del país y el crecimiento del capitalismo. Los lucros de la producción formada por el trabajo esclavo llevaron al proceso de industrialización de Europa, continente que se ha beneficiado por el consumismo de todos los suramericanos y mediante el cual se avanzó hacia el modo de producción capitalista que luego se desarrolló en Colombia."

Aline Helg (Parte 1) - Mesa Redonda "Raza e Independencia"  10/19/2009 Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Colombia: Video YouTube

Aline Helg (Parte 2) - Mesa Redonda "Raza e Independencia"  10/19/2009 Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango, Colombia: Video YouTube

VII Conversatorio Empresarial para el Progreso Afro en la Cámara de Comercio Colombo Americana, sobre convocatorias de Fomipyme  10/13/2009 El Tiempo: "Se realizará el jueves 22 de octubre, organizado por Color de Colombia y AmCham, a propósito de la convocatoria abierta por $ 1737 millones para proyectos que beneficien a la población afrodescendiente."

Two Colombian Generals Face Charges  6/8/2009 Consortium News: "In July, 2003, just before Urapalma's USAID application, Colombia's national daily El Tiempo reported that "the African palm projects in the southern banana region of Uraba are dripping with blood, misery, and corruption." The region is where Urapalma is active. The Nation article goes on to report that in 2003, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights singled out Urapalma for collusion with paramilitaries in these words: "Since 2001, the company Urapalma SA has initiated cultivation of the oil palm on approximately 1,500 hectares of the collective land of these communities, with the help of 'the perimetric and concentric armed protection of the Army's Seventeenth Brigade and armed civilians'", i.e., paras. All of the above, of course, has gone on by fleecing American taxpayers, courtesy of SOA and USAID."

Informe del Movimiento Nacional Afrocolombiano CIMARRON sobre la situación de derechos humanos de la población afrocolombiana (1994-2004)  4/7/2009 EIP: publicado en 2004

Elecciones regionales de Colombia de 2007  4/7/2009 Wikipedia: tiene lista de miembros ganadores del partido Movimiento Nacional Afrocolombiano

AFROAMERICA XXI  1/12/2009 AfroAmerica 21 

Afro-Colombians fight biodiesel producers  12/21/2008 BBC: "Mr Caceido, in his early 30s, says he moved to Bogota in 2001 after being threatened by presumed paramilitaries in Tumaco, a Pacific coast region. "We have been discriminated against in three ways," he says with steely restraint. "We are displaced, we are black and we are poor." It is Mr Caceido's view that underlying the displacement of countless Afro-Colombians is a clash in values between the communities' use of the land and an initiative of Colombian President Alvaro Uribe to produce more palm oil for biodiesel. For Afro-Colombians, Mr Caceido says, land use is based on cultivating a few traditional crops for subsistence - such as corn, yucca and cocoa - or for hunting and fishing. But, according to human rights organisations working in the north-west Choco province, and in dense forests along the Pacific, paramilitary gangs are seizing Afro-Colombian land to facilitate biofuel conglomerates."

The Black President Colombia Won’t Acknowledge  12/11/2008 Tlaxcala: "Alvaro Uribe is not the 84th president of Colombia but the 85th as, for circumstances that the historians attribute to racism, a black president that this country had had in the middle of the nineteenth century, Juan José Nieto Gil, was literally erased from history."

Palm Oil in Colombia: Biofuel or Bioterror?  7/1/2008 Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association: "The 39-year-old Polo is vice president of the board of the Major Council, an organization of 21 communities that owns 42,700 hectares in the Curvaradó river basin in Chocó, Colombia. He is an active leader in his community’s efforts to recuperate collectively titled lands that have been occupied since 1997 by multinational oil palm companies connected to Colombia’s paramilitary. He has been the target of death threats by palm oil companies, he said, as have the legal representative of Curvaradó's Council, Ligia Maria Chaverra, and farmer Enrique Petro. Polo said, through interpreter Rocio Orantes, that he lives in a part of Colombia populated by people who were brought to the country from Africa as slaves, as well as indigenous and mixed-raced people. All have shared cultures and farmed there for many years, growing their own food and raising bananas for export to the United States."

Letting Down Afro-Colombians - The Shameful Failure of the Black Congressional Caucus  5/3/2008 CounterPunch: "H.Res. 618 calls on the Colombian government to end racial discrimination and protect Afro-Colombians’ constitutionally guaranteed lands. The resolution encourages the U.S. and Colombian governments to consult with Afro-Colombians when developing policies which stand to affect their communities. The measure is currently in the first stage of the legislative process and is being considered by the House Foreign Affairs Committee. Co-sponsors of the bill include prominent African American lawmakers such as John Conyers, Jesse Jackson, Jr., and Barbara Lee. But, out of 38 African American members in the House, a whopping 13 refused to become co-sponsors of H.Res 618. What does this say about the leadership abilities of veteran legislators such as John Conyers? Even more disgracefully, Charlie Rangel, Democrat of New York and a founding member of the Congressional Black Caucus, refused to sign on to the legislation. In fact, African Americans from New York have been particularly derelict. Yvette Clarke, who represents one of the most liberal districts in the state comprising Park Slope, Brooklyn, also failed to support the legislation."

Este cochino racismo de siempre  4/21/2008 Renacientes 

Address by Elizabeth Garcia Carillo for Ecumenical Advocacy Days  3/31/2008 Renacientes: "As part of our advocacy efforts to stop the U.S. Free Trade Agreement with Colombia, ART hosted Elizabeth Garcia Carillo for a week of visits to key members of Congress in order to speak about the impact of the FTA on indigenous, Afro-Colombian and displaced populations. Elizabeth represents the Confederation of Tryona Peoples, and is a lawyer for the Process for Black Communities, an umbrella organization of Afro -Colombian communities and organizations."

Take Action to Stop the U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA): The FTA is a Threat to Afro-Colombian Rights. Afro-Colombian grassroots organizations are opposed to the FTA  3/31/2008 Renacientes: "As President Bush rushes to pressure the U.S. congress for a favorable vote on the U.S.-Colombia FTA, under the guise of national security, we need you to take action and let your representative know that approving the FTA will sentence Indigenous and Afro-Colombians communities to a life of poverty and exclusion."

Reunión con Asistente de Congresista Meeks. Presentación del Proceso de Comunidades Negras en Colombia. Bogotá  3/26/2008 Renacientes: "Los afrocolombianos somos el 26% del total de la población colombiana, aunque los datos del DANE, después de un censo mal aplicado, afirman que somos el 10.6%. Los siguientes puntos dan cuenta de la situación actual de nuestra población."

De las Guerrilleras Negras a Piedad Cordoba  3/8/2008 AfroCubaWeb: by Jesus “Chucho” Garcia

The Black right wing’s agenda in Colombia  2/29/2008 AfroCubaWeb: by Jesus “Chucho” Garcia

Why Afro-Colombians Oppose the Colombia Free Trade Agreement  2/29/2008 AfroCubaWeb: by Marino Cordoba, founder of the Association of Internally Displaced Afro-Colombians (AFRODES) - "Colombia, South America is an important for African North Americans and other allies. Afro-Colombians comprise almost 40% of the Colombian population of around 42 million people. These Afro-Colombians are treated brutally by the Government and the Euro-Colombians. Now, the Colombian President Uribe needs the support of the Congressional Black Caucus to pass the Colombian Free Trade Agreement. So he accepts the proposal of some Afro-Colombians to create this phony Commission for the Protection of the 16 million Afro-Colombians. More than a million Afro-Colombians have been displaced from their homes and communities. Afro-Colombians are killed and forced into exile if they resist the sale their land. The Colombian government provides very few services and infrastructure for the Afro-Colombian community and Law 70 that gives Afro-Colombian rights to their ancestral lands is not implemented and the para-militaries under President Uribe is driving the Afro-Colombians from their land. Congressional Black Caucus member Gregory Meeks of New York and member of the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) deceived Congressman Bobby Rush of Chicago and caused him to write a letter of support for the Colombia Free Trade Agreement and have it signed by members of the Congressional Black Caucus."

45 CONGRESISTAS DEL PARLAMENTO NEGRO ANALIZARAN EN CALI SITUACION DE LOS AFRODESCENDIENTES EN AMERICA LATINA  2/26/2008 Government of Colombia: "La reunión, que se realizará en Cali, Colombia, los días 14, 15 y 16 de marzo del presente año, se denominará: “Los desafíos del Parlamento Negro frente a la inclusión y la ciudadanía afrodescendiente en el contexto global”."

Canada aims to push ahead with Colombia trade deal  2/22/2008 Reuters: "Canada plans to push ahead and negotiate a free trade deal with Colombia despite human rights concerns that have stalled a similar agreement between Bogota and Washington, signed over a year ago."

OAS PROMOTES CIVIL SOCIETY PARTICIPATION IN THE HEMISPHERIC AGENDA  2/8/2008 Media Newswire: "The organizations chosen by the Selection Committee to execute projects were: Federación Nacional de Organizaciones No Gubernamentales para el Desarrollo de las Comunidades Afrocolombianas ( AFROAMERICA XXI ), of Colombia; Asociación Ecológica Santo Tomas A.C., of Mexico; Association Femmes Soleil d’Haiti ( AFASDA ), of Haiti; Corporación Participa, of Chile; Global Rights, of the United States; Asociación Tierra Nueva, of Paraguay; Movimiento Manuela Ramos, of Peru; and Participación Ciudadana, of the Dominican Republic."

Colombia “Free Trade” Is Harmful By Dr. Keith Jennings  1/28/2008 Black Star News: "The Colombia “free trade” deal currently being promoted by the Bush Administration should be opposed by all those who seek justice and those who want the United States to regain some of its lost respect at the international level. The human rights situation in Colombia—Latin Americas’ third largest country—is appalling and should be clearly and unequivocally condemned by all members of Congress, but especially the Congressional Black Caucus given the abuses faced by the Afro-Columbians. The free trade agreement, as proposed, is not about fair trade and in effect would further exacerbate human rights violations and environmental degradation in Colombia. This agreement would continue the marginalization and social exclusion of Afro-Colombians, Indigenous Peoples and the poor. Furthermore, the consequential exporting of manufacturing jobs from the United States will continue to have a disproportionately destructive and detrimental impact on Black workers."

Ganaron la izquierda y los liberales  10/29/2007 Vanguardia: "Con una alcaldía quedaron el Partido Verde Opción Centro, que conquistó la alcaldía de San José del Guaviare; el Movimiento Alas Equipo Colombia, que salió victorioso para dirigir la ciudad de Arauca, y el Movimiento Nacional Afrocolombiano “Afro”, obtuvo la alcaldía de Florencia."

Resultados Elecciones de Gobernadores 2007 - 2007 Gubernatorial Elections Results  10/28/2007 Georgetown: tiene lista de miembros ganadores del partido Movimiento Nacional Afrocolombiano

Congressman Gregory W. Meeks Releases a Joint Statement on the Massacre of Six Colombian Miners  10/20/2007 Earth Times 

6 killed by machete in Colombia gold mine massacre  10/18/2007 Reuters: "The murders of the six displaced Afro-Colombians came the same week as Colombia's Constitutional Court sat in special hearing to review measures taken by the government to protect Afro-Colombian communities from forced displacement. The court had found last year they were "persistent gaps" in specific attention, both in prevention and assistance."

MINGA PARA ERRADICAR LOS CULTIVOS DE COCA PARA FINES ILICITOS EN EL TERRITORIO COLECTIVO DEL RÍO YURUMANGUI  9/30/2007 Renacientes: "Por siglos las comunidades negras han habitado el Territorio Región del Pacifico y desarrollado en el un proyecto de vida, sienten que hoy esta amenazado por megaproyectos, los monocultivos como la palma aceitera y por el avance de los cultivos para fines ilícitos; los últimos son factores que constituyen en la actualidad dos de los mayores riesgos para los derechos territoriales y ambientales de los afrocolombianos y para la diversidad biológica y cultural de esta rica, importante y estratégica bioregion."

Movimiento Nacional Afrocolombiano con la candidata a la alcaldía de Armenia, Ana María Arango A.  9/28/2007 Colombia Para Todos 

Stella Estrada - Írimo  9/16/2007 AfroCubaWeb: "Stella Estrada is an AfroColombian author living in Spain who has come out with Írimo, a novel inspired by Abakuá. The title is from the composition by el Gran Combo of Puerto Rico of that name, and is derived from Ireme, the Abakuá masked dancer who represents the ancestors, each having a particular function such as peace-keeper, initiator, or warrior."

Pure Art Women’s Association  8/21/2007 Global Goods Partners: "Pure Art is a company jointly owned by community associations made up of 600 Afrocolombian women from Patia, Colombia and a group of private investors. The Women of Patia, in collaboration with Foundation Chemones Colombia, started Pure Art to generate employment and income for woman headed households."

Gregory Meeks y Edgar Ulises Torres no representan a las comunidades afro-colombianas  7/7/2007 Colombia IndyMedia: por Marino Córdoba, Director Afrodes-USA - "Aunque afro colombianos arrodillados al poder y el dinero negocien con Uribe la sangre de miles y miles de muertos negros y defiendan su gobierno en Estados Unidos, nosotros, las víctimas, seguiremos diciendo quiénes son los victimarios. Aunque Uribe nombre ministros y generales negros, si no se resuelve de raíz la tragedia de nuestro pueblo y se respetan sus derechos integrales no callaremos nuestras voces."

Entrevista con Carlos Rosero: "¡nadie se salva solo y nadie salva a nadie!.  6/13/2007 Renacientes: "El Tejido de Comunicación habló con el líder afro, Carlos Rosero, quien es integrante del equipo de coordinación nacional del proceso de comunidades negras – PCN, acerca de la situación que viven sus comunidades en medio del conflicto armado y las políticas neoliberales que afectan día a día la pervivencia de su pueblo."

COCOMACIA manifiesta su apoyo decidido a las justas demandas de los indigenas del Chocó  5/30/2007 IndyMedia, Colombia: "El pueblo negro representado en la COCOMACIA manifiesta su apoyo decidido a las justas demandas de la Asociación de Cabildos Indígenas del Chocó."

Afrocolombians displaced: with the backing of the United States, corporations kill and steal for Black land  5/1/2007 Color Lines: "Institutionalized racism has been reinforced by decades of internal displacement due to economic pressures and an internal civil war. From 1940 to 1990, the urban percentage of Colombia's population grew from 31 percent to 77 percent. AfroColombians joined this internal migration in hopes of gaining a better standard of living. Those hopes were dashed, and instead, Murillo says, "They joined the ranks of the urban poor, living in the marginal areas of big cities such as Cali, Medellin, and Bogota. Currently, most AfroColombians are living in urban areas. Only 25 percent, approximately three million people, are still based on the land." Those who remain in rural areas find themselves caught in the country's deadly civil war between government forces, insurgents and right-wing paramilitaries (who are politically linked to Colombia's conservative politicians including President Alvaro Uribe)."

Censo afrocolombiano 2005/ AfroColombian Census  2/16/2007 YouTube 

Palenque San Basilio, Bolivar, Maroon Community in Colombia  5/19/2006 YouTube 

Tambores en la noche, de Jorge Artel: La mujer de color y su imaginario sexual  4/1/2006 LA CASA DE ASTERIÓN: "El uso de la palabra ‘hembras’ animaliza a la mujer y la reduce a su función sexual. Mansour concluye al respecto que “la mujer se convierte en el símbolo del sexo” (204). En mi opinión, esta interpretación es válida pero superficial y no problematiza la condición femenina. En mí surgen varios cuestionamientos. Por ejemplo, ¿por qué limitar su presencia a un rol sexual? ¿Si se quiere resaltar la ‘sensualidad’ de los afro-descendientes americanos como una característica positiva y como un modo de afirmar su identidad, por qué poner la responsabilidad sobre el cuerpo femenino? ¿Dónde queda la realidad histórico-social de la mujer de color?"

Colombia’s census could mis-count Afro-Colombians  1/31/2006 Black Britain 

Colombian communities under siege - Afro-Colombian leaders speak out!  10/5/2005 SF Bay View: by Willie Thompson, el unico. "When Afro-Colombians began filing for collective land titles, they were massacred by Colombia’s U.S.-funded military working in close collaboration with brutal illegal paramilitaries, creating massive displacement. Paramilitaries are now illegally occupying these lands, growing, among other things, coca plants used for cocaine. This has triggered U.S. funded aerial chemical fumigations, poisoning this most bio-diverse ecosystem in the hemisphere as it creates new waves of Afro-Colombian displacement. The United Nations has called Colombia ”a humanitarian catastrophe,” in which Afro-Colombians are now disproportionately impacted."

UNHCR urges aid for displaced people in Colombia's south-west  6/7/2005 Reuters 

Contra el Proyecto de Ley Forestal y la política forestal  5/21/2005 PCN, Recorre: "El Proceso de Comunidades Negras de Colombia (PCN) es una red de organizaciones afrocolombianas que en la década del 90 se articuló en torno a la defensa de los derechos étnicos, culturales y territoriales. Para nosotros el territorio --no la tierra en el sentido occidental de bien-- es un derecho cultural. Por eso hablamos de derechos culturales en el caso del Pacífico colombiano."

More than 1,000 people flee fear of clashes in Colombia's north-west  5/20/2005 Reuters: "The internally displaced people (IDPs), mostly Afro-Colombians, say they fled because they were afraid of fighting between the Colombian army and various armed groups operating around the Buey River, a tributary of the Atrato River in the north-western Chocó province. Some say they left after they saw a helicopter overhead and were afraid they would be shot at if mistaken for rebels. Others complain of having nothing to eat back home, having run out of supplies due to the unrest. According to the IDPs, these fears and conditions have provoked the displacement of the entire Afro-Colombian population in seven communities – San Jose de Buey, La Vuelta, Curuchí, San Antonio de Buey, Aurobuey, Chibugá and Mansa."

Afro-Descendants Marginalised and Ignored  5/19/2005 IPS: "There are almost four times as many people of African descent in Latin America and the Caribbean than indigenous people, yet the poverty and discrimination they suffer are largely ignored, despite the fact that they are just as severe, or even worse, than the conditions facing the region's aboriginal inhabitants. The indigenous population, which comprises an estimated 40 million people, has taken on an increasingly active political role in Latin America. By contrast, the 150 million Afro-descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean have extremely limited political power and lack cohesive organisations to represent their interests. Their situation also receives far less attention in international forums and academic research… In Brazil, the white population is 2.5 times wealthier than the black population; in Colombia, 80 percent of Afro-descendants live in extreme poverty; and in Cuba, the only country in the hemisphere with a socialist economic system, blacks are largely relegated to the worst housing and the poorest paid jobs, according to studies conducted in these countries."

CREOLE CULTURE AND LANGUAGE IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN  5/9/2005 Indymedia: "The present paper envisages the Afro-Caribbean Ethnia of San Andres in a developmental process. Once this aspect explicated and clarified, the most relevant cultural aspects are illustrated. The family, the possession of the land, gastronomy, religion, public administration and party politics, music and dancing, and the oral tradition are some of the main characteristics which will be taken into consideration, amongst others. One of the most important manifestations of any culture is language. In this case, the Afro-Caribbean people of San Andres and Old Providence coexist with the presence of several languages. Three of these languages are spoken and/or understood by the Creole people. Two of these languages come from a European heritage, the other is the product of cultural syncretism within African, Caribbean, and Anglo-Saxon elements in the context of a culture with an Afro-Caribbean air. Some central aspects of the Caribbean Creole language, with an English based lexicon, in the environment of the Archipelago of San Andres and Old Providence."

More than 2,000 Afro-Colombians displaced by violence  5/8/2005 AFP: "More than 2,000 people, many of them children, have been displaced by fighting in the north-western Colombian coast, several United Nations agencies said here. Most of them belong to communities of Colombians of African descent living in the Bojaya region, on the Pacific coast, according to the officials."

CREOLE CULTURE AND LANGUAGE IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN  5/8/2005 Colombia IndyMedia: By: Oakley Forbes, Archipielago Movement for Ethnic Native Self Determination (AMEN-SD)

¡Ay San Pachito, Mi Amor! Colombia: la Fiesta de San Pacho  9/25/2004 CaribeNet: Colombia - "El Chocó manifiesta a través del San Pacho su sincretismo entre lo católico, los vástagos de las religiones africanas y la brujería."

San Pacho: cuarenta días de jolgorio y un día de reflexión  9/25/2004 Latino America Online: Colombia - "En medio de la selva chocoana y atravesada por el río Atrato está Quibdó; la capital del departamento del Chocó que en el mes de septiembre y en algunos días de octubre, se engalana para rendirle un homenaje a su patrono, San Francisco de Asis."

Ancient way of mining returns in machine age  7/13/2004 Miami Herald: "Tadó, where Pino lives, is one of the main gold and platinum mining towns in Colombia's Chocó province, which is wedged between the Andes and the Pacific. In its alluvial plains, which hold one of the highest densities of biodiversity on the planet, Afro-Colombian communities have been living off mining since Chocó was first populated with African slaves brought by the Spanish conquerors to extract the gold they found there."

PASC:Info evening on the Colombia Solidarity & Accompaniment Project  6/26/2004 CMAQ: "The Colombia Solidarity & Accompaniment Project (PASC, for its French acronym) is an independent organization based out of Montreal, Quebec which is working to create a network of direct solidarity with rural communities in civil resistance. As well as diffusing and sharing information about the human rights situation and social movements of the civilian population in Colombia, the PASC is putting the idea of direct solidarity into action by preparing and sending International Accompaniers to a group of villages directly affected by paramilitary repression. The physical presence of international accompaniers represents an important support for communities struggling for their rights as civilians living amidst an armed conflict… We will then focus on the Choco department and Afro-Colombian communities struggling against multinationals, paramilitaries and the State."

Indigenous Group Along Colombia-Venezuelan Border Threatened by Tensions, Smuggling  6/18/2004 One World: "Growing tensions between the governments of Colombia and Venezuela, as well as the persistence of fighting between left-wing insurgents and Army-backed paramilitary groups within Colombia, are threatening the welfare of a hundreds of members of the Wayuu indigenous group, descendants of the Arawaks who dominated the southern Caribbean before the European conquest of the Americas. A massacre allegedly committed by right-wing paramilitaries in the Caribbean border town of Bahia Portete two months ago reportedly killed at least 12 Indians, although 30 more, including 20 children, remain unaccounted for, according to Massachusetts-based Cultural Survival… Paramilitaries, who have long profited from drug trafficking, were, according to some accounts, invited into the region several years ago by local mafia families precisely to assert control over the trade. According to one report in the Bogota newspaper, 'El Tiempo,' the massacre was carried out in retaliation against a group that included some Wayuu from the town who allegedly stole cocaine from the paramilitaries. Another account published by 'El Espectador,' depicted the massacre as part of an ongoing struggle between the paramilitaries and a group of Wayuu over control of the port itself."

Hitting them while they’re down: The difficult position of Afro-Colombians  4/29/2004 Progreso Weekly: "Colombia has progressive laws providing Afro-Colombians with rights and displaced persons with help, but these laws have no teeth. They suffer intimidation, massacres, supply blockades, and massive displacement caused by the armed actors, both paramilitaries on the right and guerrillas on the left. They are also affected by harsh U.S.-funded drug policies that spray herbicides on illegal coca crops, often mixed with food crops, and are provided relatively little in the way of alternative development assistance. And Afro-Colombian communities endure lower scores than their compatriots on all the human development indicators. The Afro-Colombian population is no small minority, representing around a quarter to a third of the country’s population[1]. There are about 10 million Afro-Colombians, 900,000 of which are displaced[2] – a number which represents a large percentage of all displaced Colombians. Noteworthy when you consider that Colombia suffers the largest internal refugee crisis after the Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo."

The Afro-Colombians: Afrodes  4/29/2004 Zmag: published 7/01 - "Afrodes is the name of the organization of displaced Afro-Colombians. Although we didn't have enough time with them, we had the privilege of hearing from some of the most courageous and effective organizers in the hemisphere. They were incredibly generous with their time and energy, opening their office to talk to us at great personal risk."

African Colombian activist wins $125,000 Goldman Environmental Prize  4/28/2004 SF Bay View: by Willie Thompson "Libia Grueso Castleblanco, a 43-year-old African Colombia civil rights and environmental activist, was presented last week with the “Nobel Prize” for the environment: the 2004 Goldman Environmental Prize… The 16 million Colombians of African descent have never had title to the land their ancestors lived on for more than 400 years as maroons, enslaved and ex-enslaved people. Law 70, passed in 1991 with determined pressure of Libia and others, grants Afro-Colombians collective land title rights to their ancestral lands. However, title to very little land, if any, has actually been transferred to them so far."

Afro-Colombians: 'Invisible' People Strive to Survive War, Racism  4/16/2004 NCM: "Ingrid Vaicius, a Colombia Project Associate at the Center for International Policy in Washington, D.C., said the “invisibility” of Colombians of African descent stems from their staying to themselves on the Pacific Coast. And, she said, the Colombian government does not want to admit that its poorest and most marginalized citizens are Black. “The secret is out now because of so many Blacks being displaced from their farms and turning up in cities such as Bogotá, the Colombian capital. They have the worst education, and now they are at every stoplight begging and this is causing people to question why this is happening,” Ms. Vaicius explained… He and the other two activists also pointed out that U.S. foreign policy and militarization of the fight against drugs through “Plan Colombia” has displaced huge numbers of Blacks. “Plan Colombia,” started in 1999 under President Bill Clinton, was launched to stop cocaine production by supplying the Colombian government with helicopters and other aircraft to spray fields as well as military assistance. The U.S. gave $2.5 billion of aid. Critics say the operation has clearly caused more harm than good, with the brunt of Plan Colombia borne the backs of farmers. They complain that insecticides sprayed to kill coca plants often destroy food crops. Many also suspect the U.S. wants access to Colombia’s oil reserves and natural resources, like gold, silver and copper."

Afro-Colombians: 'Invisible' People Strive to Survive War, Racism  4/16/2004 NCM: "Ingrid Vaicius, a Colombia Project Associate at the Center for International Policy in Washington, D.C., said the “invisibility” of Colombians of African descent stems from their staying to themselves on the Pacific Coast. And, she said, the Colombian government does not want to admit that its poorest and most marginalized citizens are Black. “The secret is out now because of so many Blacks being displaced from their farms and turning up in cities such as Bogotá, the Colombian capital. They have the worst education, and now they are at every stoplight begging and this is causing people to question why this is happening,” Ms. Vaicius explained… He and the other two activists also pointed out that U.S. foreign policy and militarization of the fight against drugs through “Plan Colombia” has displaced huge numbers of Blacks. “Plan Colombia,” started in 1999 under President Bill Clinton, was launched to stop cocaine production by supplying the Colombian government with helicopters and other aircraft to spray fields as well as military assistance. The U.S. gave $2.5 billion of aid. Critics say the operation has clearly caused more harm than good, with the brunt of Plan Colombia borne the backs of farmers. They complain that insecticides sprayed to kill coca plants often destroy food crops. Many also suspect the U.S. wants access to Colombia’s oil reserves and natural resources, like gold, silver and copper."

Afro-Colombians speak of surviving a war  4/12/2004 MundoAfroLatino 

SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION COMPLETES MISSION TO COLOMBIA  1/3/2004 UN: "long and painful delay in the investigation of crimes coupled with many unsolved cases of murder of journalists, trade unionists and teachers that may never successfully be concluded – unfortunately this has fostered a culture of impunity creating intimidation and fear amongst the general public… Indigenous peoples, the Afro-Colombian minority and other ethnic groups still suffer discrimination, intolerance and social exclusion. Their right to express opinions and to be part of the decision-making process, especially on the land where they live, seems to have been neglected in spite of the adoption of specific laws in the past for their welfare."

Colombia's displaced caught in cross fire of war and racism  12/15/2003 CNN: "The last African slaves landed at Colombia's port of Cartagena 150 years ago. But long after abolition, their descendants are still not masters of their destiny. More than 50,000 refugees, almost all of them black, have left behind plots of land in the interior of Colombia and are now squatting on the outskirts of the former slave port… About 30 percent of the refugees are black or indigenous people although those groups make up 10 percent of the population overall, said Leila Lima, head of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees in Colombia."

Communities in resistance  12/9/2003 Latin America Press 

Campesinos e indígenas rompen con la Justicia oficial  12/4/2003 ANNCOL: "Nueve comunidades rurales anuncian su ruptura total con el sistema de justicia colombiano. Entre las comunidades, que a partir de ahora se niegan a colaborar con el actual sistema, se encuentra la comunidad indígena U'wa, las Asociaciones Campesina del Valle del Cimitarra y Arauca, y la organización “Proceso de Comunidades Negras”. "

A call from family  10/29/2003 SF Bay View: "H., a current member of Afrodes, accompanied the African North American delegation through the Choco region where he is from. As we walked through the busy streets of the capital city of Quibdo, he told me his story. He has worked with Afrodes since 1993, I believe, and used to live about an hour or so down the river from Quibdo. There, he worked to secure land title for the earth historically inhabited by Afro-Colombians in the region. This was before 1996, when the FARC, who then controlled the region, didn’t like what he was doing and told him so. But they did not attempt to harm him. Circa 1996, paramilitaries took over the region. In about 1997, paramilitaries started threatening folks, and some of H.’s fellow organizers at Afrodes were killed. H. learned that he was on a list of people to be dealt with and decided to escape to Quibdo. But he discovered this was not far enough when he learned that the paramilitaries were still after him. So, he with other folks fled to Bogota, the capital of Colombia. He has lived there since, though not without risk. At one point, an attempt was made on his life. His friend Marino was shot in the leg."

Speakers to address U.S. policies on Colombia  9/23/2003 Lenawee Connection, MI: "The presentation will feature speakers Luz Marina Becerra, 29, who is secretary general of the Association of Displaced Afro-Colombians, or AFRODES, and Father Rafael Castillo, 45, who has nearly 20 years of experience working with communities affected by violence and poverty."

Colombians to discuss impact of foreign policy  9/23/2003 Western Herald, MI: "Castillo is a 45-year-old Afro-Colombian priest based in the city of Cartagena, where he works with communities affected by violence and poverty. Luz Marina Becerra is a 29-year-old Colombian woman from the province of Choco who was forced from her home five years ago. She is now the secretary general of one of the main organizations for displaced Afro-Colombians."

AFRICAN RENAISSANCE IN A COLOMBIAN WAR ZONE  9/13/2003 WW3: "When I ask Gonzalez if he has any closing words for readers in the United States, he immediately states that Washington must cut off aid to President Alvaro Uribe's government. "The government is the greatest perpetrator of violence in our communities," he says. When I point out that most of the violence in Vi lla Rica seems to come from ostensibly illegal criminal gangs and paramilitaries, he responds: "The paramilitary groups are funded by the same government. Everybody knows it." Before we get on the chiva back to Cali--before sundown, to avoid ga ng hold-ups--Gonzalez offers his final words: "Every dollar from the United States is one more death. They are cutting health, education, public services-- everything is going for the war. The United States government needs to reflect about what it is doing to our country." "

Afro-Colombian Leader Murdered  9/6/2003 AfroCubaWeb: "The Black Communities Process in Colombia ? PCN - denounces before the country and the world the assassination of JOSE LUCIANO CASTILLO ALEGRIA, respected Afro-Colombian leader from the coast of the Department of Nariño, by the 29th Front of the FARC-EP (Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia-Army of the People)."

Colombia declares war on its own Black citizens  7/2/2003 SF Bay View: "The Colombian government has declared war on its own citizens of African descent by labeling the activists among them as guerillas or terrorists. Repeated massacres, the latest during a June 14 invasion on the Anchicaya River, where paramilitaries assassinated five and wounded many more, have targeted African Colombian community organizers exercising their constitutional right to own and control their own resource-rich territories, defending them against developers determined to cut down their forests, extract their oil and uranium and steal their land for the construction of ports, highways and hydroelectric projects. Last week, June 21-27, 11 delegates from Afro-America XXI, an alliance of organizations representing the 253 million people of African descent in 43 countries of the Western Hemisphere, visited Washington, D.C., to report on crises in Colombia and several other countries and demand support. They came armed with the powerful though little known fact that African descendants comprise 30 percent of the 822 million people who live in those 43 countries."

Colombian rights abuses decried - Displacement of peasants targeted  3/29/2003 Montreal Gazette: "Their main complaint was about forced displacement of Afro-Colombian peasant communities in the department of Chocó by military and right-wing paramilitary forces."

Meet and Greet with Afro-Columbian Delegation  3/23/2003 Yahoo: "The 36-person delegation from Columbia has issued the following statement to clarify who they are, and who they represents, and their main purpose for coming to Washington, DC at this time. We thanks the Howard University Project on Appropriate Technology, the Blackburn Center and the Afroamerican XXI for helping to facilitate this introduction and opportunity to meet, and dialogue with representatives of the African community in Columbia. We are also helping to facilitate meetings with key sectors and groups within the African community in DC, Richmond and New York. Our objective is to meet, listen to and learn from them, and to see if and where we can be helpful to them, and their struggle and work. For us, self-determination is the critical and key component of any and all solidarity work."

"We Copied Our Tactics from Israel"- Medellín: Life Under Paramilitary Occupation  3/19/2003 CounterPunch: "The state and paramilitaries that appeared after 1999 fear and loathe such independent community organizing as much as they do the "revolutionary" militias. Paramilitaries had displaced a considerable minority of Comuna 13's residents from the countryside in Urabá in the 1980s and 90s, many of them Afro-Colombians; all arrived in Comuna 13 with venerable traditions of village organizing and protest intact. Operation Orion and the subsequent paramilitary occupation of Comuna 13 have, however, displaced the displaced."

Commission grants €8 million in humanitarian aid for Colombia  3/11/2003 Reuters: "It is estimated that almost half of the internally displaced people (IDPs) are under the age of 18. A large proportion of IDPs are indigenous people or Afro-Colombians."

Indigenous people give US oil company the boot  3/10/2003 ANNCOL: "The Bush administration recently allocated 98 mio. US dollars in military aid and sent Green Berets to protect Los Angeles-based Occidental Petroleum's oil pipeline in Colombia against attacks from leftist rebels. Now the indigenous U'wa people tell the US oil company (also known as OXY) and its Colombian partners to get out af the U'wa territories."

Army kidnaps and murders two blow pipe hunters  3/6/2003 ANNCOL: "Two indigenous Embera blow pipe hunters never returned to their village: They were murdered by troops who afterwards presented the corpses as guerrillas killed in combat. In a seperate incident Colombian Air Force bombards village and kills 9-year old girl. " - Not a military error, she was a relative of a guerrilla soldier," says Air Force commander." - the US funded genocide continues while some Americans wonder "Why do they hate us so?"

Luis Gilberto Murillo, former governor of Chocó Province, Colombia  3/2/2003 Global Exchange: See events listing for March and April. "Luis Gilberto Murillo, a former Colombian governor now exiled in the US, will travel the country urging people to oppose a larger US role in Colombia's civil war… In 1998 Mr. Murillo won a tight victory to become the country's youngest governor and the leader of Chocó, the poorest state in Colombia. Mr. Murillo's success was the result of his tireless organizing efforts in support of environmental protection and the country's Afro-Colombian and indigenous populations. His aggressive advocacy on behalf of the country's voiceless constituencies while in office soon led to death threats from Colombia's right-wing paramilitaries."

UN appeals for $50 million to help 2 million Colombian refugees  2/24/2003 UN: "Last year alone more than 250,000 Colombians were forced to flee their homes, with indigenous people being particularly affected, to the extent that most of the indigenous population has been or is displaced, or is at risk of being so. The Afro-Colombian communities have also been severely affected. Almost half the total population of displaced persons are children."

El exterminio de los indigenas Kuna  2/5/2003 ANNCOL: "El exterminio de los indigenas Kuna es parte del proyecto de contrareforma agraria comenzado por el Gral. Rito Alejo - santo de la devoción del hoy alto gobierno - escribe Alfredo Molano (Tomado del Equipo Nizkor)"

Comunidades negras colombianas bajo el fuego paramilitar  1/12/2003 "García es dirigente del Proceso de Comunidades Negras, una red de 140 organizaciones que tienen su base en la región selvática y húmeda del Pacífico colombiano. A raíz de la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de 1991, las comunidades afro-colombianas, que habitan la región por más de 300 años, lograron la legalización de sus tierras de las que ahora están siendo desalojados por los grupos paramilitares de las Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, que cuentan con 8000 hombres en armas y son responsables de numerosas matanzas de población civil desarmada. En la siguiente entrevista, el dirigente afro-colombiano desentraña los verdaderos objetivos de los paramilitares, su forma de operar y los devastadores efectos que están teniendo la violencia sobre las comunidades negras de esta atormentada región."

Afro-Colombian struggle for land and justice  12/31/2002 SF Bay View: "Colombia has 40 million people – 26 percent of them of African descent, mostly in the Pacific region. Since the period of slavery, we have shared that area with indigenous Native Americans… In 1993, a law was passed that said that the Black population should delineate the areas where it had lived and apply for titles. The law also said that the government must recognize the Black population’s rights and devote money to social spending in consultation with the communities. The community organizations met resistance from those who had been exploiting natural resources in our region such as gold and wood. Communities demanded title to the land. Since then we’ve experienced assassinations and expulsion by military groups paid by political and business interests. My organization won the first collective titles in that region. Seven days later, at 5:00 a.m., on Dec. 13, 1996, paramilitary groups arrived in my town, Riosucio, intent on murdering the leaders and their families. Many were taken from their beds and paraded naked through the streets. Anyone who resisted was killed. The shouts woke me up. I ran to take refuge in the swamp along with many others. At 8:00 a.m., army helicopters started patrolling. The paramilitaries radioed the pilots to attack the swamp, claiming the people were guerrillas. The army attacked us with bombs and rifles, killing many people. Those who survived stayed in the water for three days until hunger and desperation forced us out. Some of us sneaked through the town and reached a rural community across the river. I recuperated there, then fled to Bogota, where I live today."

The Afro-Colombian Struggle for Land & Justice  9/1/2002 The Voice, Illinois: By Marino Córdoba, Colombia

JOINT OPERATION BY ARMY, MARINES AND DEATH SQUADS  8/15/2002 ANNCOL: "Organisations representing indigenous, peasant and Afro-Colombian communities in the Naya region of Colombia have sent a message saying that they fear that the security forces are preparing for a large-scale operation in the region aimed at assassinating locals accused of being guerrilla sympathisers. The urgent message, which was signed by local social and church organisations and human rights groups, says that they fear a repeat of the huge massacre last year in with soldiers and death squads killed over 100 civilians in Naya. According to the document in recent months the paramilitaries have carried out more and more selective assassinations in the area, which is made up of the municipalities of Buenos Aires and Suárez in Cauca department and Buenaventura municipality in neighbouring Valle department."

Congressional Black Caucus and African Colombians force meeting with Colombian President-elect Uribe  7/17/2002 SF Bay View: "Congressman John Conyers, D-Mich., representing the near 40-member Congressional Black Caucus, whose members in turn represent millions of American taxpayers and voters including 35 million people of African descent in the U.S., met with the “disinterested” Colombian President-elect Alvaro Uribe Velez in the office of the Colombian ambassador on June 20 after “forcing” the president-elect not to “blow off the CBC… Congressman Conyers described the meeting as “positive but not naïve. They were gracious. They got the point,” he said. The CBC, the African Colombians, and African Colombian support groups in the United States and throughout the world are moving forward to stop the killing and begin the healing in Colombia. Eleven CBC staffers will visit Bogota and Choco from Aug. 10 to 15 to collect and analyze information and write a report on their observations of the crisis in Colombia. Congressman Conyers will lead a congressional delegation to Colombia after the November election.” The CBC invited the newly elected president, who owns land and a hacienda in the African Colombian state of Choco, to meet with the CBC during its weekly policy luncheon on June 19. Uribe rejected the invitation, saying “he couldn’t find time in his schedule,” according to the Colombian embassy. However, two years of work by the CBC and African Colombians in the United States, the warning of a white congressional colleague to Uribe not to “blow off the CBC,” the threat of unfavorable media exposure and a surprisingly cool U.S. reception forced Uribe to meet in the Colombian ambassador’s office the next day with Congressman Conyers. The other CBC members were unable or unwilling to comply with the contemptuous scheduling of the Colombian head of state."

Congressional Black Caucus challenges Colombian armed forces on Black massacre in Chocó  6/19/2002 SF Bay View: "Many Blacks in the U.S. are unaware that people who look just like them are the majority or a significant portion of the populations of such Latin American nations as Cuba, Brazil, Mexico, Panama, and Colombia. That racial discrimination and worse exists in Central and South America is also little known in North America. Nowhere in the Western Hemisphere do Black-skinned people predominate in conspicuous high-level government positions."

With their backs to the wall, African Colombians are fighting back and need our help  6/14/2002 SF Bay View: "African Colombians note that in 1997 the paramilitaries auspiciously arrived in Medio Atrato, a zone in the municipality of Bojaya, with Alvaro Uribe Velez, then the governor of Antioquia, a neighboring municipality. Antioquia neighbors Choco, the ancestral home of African Colombians, which has become virtually uninhabitable. “Twenty-five days after the May 2 church massacre, the Colombian National Army and paramilitaries are in the urban wastelands of Vigia del Fuerte and Bellavista, where there isn’t a soul remaining,” the correspondent writes. Antioquia, a predominantly white municipality, has been an area of great violence since the beginning of hostilities in the mid 1940s. “They are killing us for no reason,” the writer from Bojaya says. “They kill us while we seek protection in the church. They kill us because we don’t agree with all the things the government, the paramilitaries and the guerrillas are doing. For me,” he continues in an e-mail dated May 27, “it is better to die standing than to live on my knees. There’s no way out of the crisis. I have decided to die speaking out, not as my countrymen died on May 2 and as thousands of African Colombians have died during the last 10 years.” The massacre and displacement of African Colombians by an indifferent Colombian government and a national military of 60,000 aligned with a paramilitary force of 10,000 fighters involves us, the people of the United States, as citizens, voters and tax payers. Our Congress approved in 2000 a $1.1 billion mostly military aid package called Plan Colombia and is debating a $35 million supplementary emergency fund to help Colombia fight terrorism, according to the San Francisco Chronicle. Bush wants $494 million more in military and police aid plus $164 million in economic aid. He has also proposed spending $98 million next year to protect the Colombian oil export pipeline operated by Occidental of Los Angeles. Congress has also approved $363 million in economic and social programs since 2000. The U.S. is now involved in a counterinsurgency operation, not an anti-narcotics program in Colombia. The U.S. government, the Colombian government and the Colombian paramilitary forces are now pitted against the 22,000 member leftist rebel groups. The African Colombians want ownership of their ancestral lands. They want economic assistance to create jobs, education and health programs and fund business development."

The Congressional Black Caucus Weighs In On The Plight Of Afro-Colombians  6/12/2002 Black Electorate: "It is always illuminating and at times disappointing when we encounter instances where Black people in the United States of America express ignorance of the fact that people who look just like them are the majority or are significant members of the populations of nations in the Western Hemisphere like Cuba, Brazil, Mexico, Panama etc...Unfortunately, the physical appearance of the most prominent leaders in these nations and others, particularly in the lower half of The Americas, only supports ignorant attachments to racial stereotypes, as the lack of Black-skinned individuals in leading government positions is obvious to just about anyone."

Genocide of African-Colombians - Report from Black Colombians at ground zero  6/8/2002 SF Bay View: published 5/22, this is an important article - "On May 2, 302 people, 32 percent of the population of Bellavista, a town in Choco of more than 800 people, were killed, wounded or disappeared. Four other massacres have been committed against these small internally displaced African Colombians - at La Mejor Esquina, Machuca, El Naya and Baudo. These massacres reaffirm the charges by African Colombians that they have been targeted for physical and cultural genocide."

Families flee their war-torn villages  5/12/2002 Boston Globe: "FARC is blamed for the 117 deaths at the church in Bojaya. But many of Choco's inhabitants appear to feel the killings in Bojaya are just another consequence of a long history of state neglect of this region of 500,000 people, the majority of whom are descendants of African slaves. Their average per capita income is lower than Haiti's, according to government estimates."

Pastrana: "Fue una masacre"  5/6/2002 BBC: a casual glance through the pics show aspects of Columbia's identity not much seen in the US media. While Venezuela has a higher percentage of Afrolatinos and Indians, in Columbia too, it is the wealthy whites against everyone else.

A Speaking Tour on the plight of Afro-Colombians  4/1/2002 Colombian Human Rights Network:  See our AfroColombia page. "The Colombia Human Rights Network and the US Office on Colombia are organizing a speaking tour for two Afro-Colombian human rights defenders in April 2002. Nimia Vargas and Marino Cordoba will visit cities across the United States and give first hand accounts of their lives and their personal struggle in a country torn by war. They will give testimony of the massacre of rural communities and the persecution of civilians by both sides in the war, by paramilitary groups, supported by the Colombian military, and by guerrilla forces."


Herbicide Problems [in Columbia]  1/14/2002 60 Minutes: genocide. The victims are largely poor farmers, many of them of Indian and African heritage.

Colombia: Logging and violence against Afro-Colombian communities in the Chocó  1/1/2002 World Rain Forest: "This forestry exploitation they are complaining about implies a disregard for the Afro-Colombian communities’ rights, set out in Law 70, officially recognising their territories. The artificial channels opened up by the logging company have further exposed the communities to the para-military forces by making access and fast offensive and monitoring movements possible from military locations."

Colombians cheer for a dark beauty  12/2/2001 Boston Globe: in the midst of Plan Columbia, a billion dollar effort where the paramilitary right oppresses the poor, the AfroColumbianos, the Indians: "''In Latin America blondes have always been seen as the ideal,'' said Arlene Davila, author of ''Latino Inc.,'' a new book that analyzes how products are marketed to Latinos in the United States and Latin America. Programs filmed in Latin America often show more light-skinned blondes than dark-haired people - a skewed reality considering natural blondes are a tiny minority. Colombia's ''black'' population, by contrast, hovers around 40 percent, which includes people of mixed race. Several other Latin American countries have large black populations: Brazil, the Dominican Republic, and Panama. Many others, including Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and Peru, have huge indigeneous populations which, critics say, are similarly underrepresented in pop culture - including the world of beauty pageants like the Miss Columbia contest."

THE MUNDO AFRO PROJECT  9/6/2001 LASA: by Milam Fitts, Chicago International Development Corporation

El Choco: The African Heart of Colombia  2/23/2001 ISLA: "Colombia's Black minority comprises 36-40% of the national population, but is officially recognized at 26%. This means our population is about 11 million of the 42 million people in Colombia… Some historians view the Choco as a very big palenque with a large population of cimarrones, especially in the areas of the Baudo River. There were very popular cimarron leaders like Benkos Biojo and Barule who fought for freedom. Black people played a key role in the independence struggle against Spain. Historians say that there were three African soldiers for every five soldiers in Bolivar's army. Not only that, we participated at all levels of the political and military structure."

El Choco: The African Heart of Colombia  2/23/2001 ISLA: "The following is a speech given by Luis Gilberto Murillo, former governor of Choco State, Colombia."

A Colombian governor's plea for peace  2/7/2001 Progressive Media: "I am a former governor of Chocó, the most impoverished department of Colombia. In 1998, I tried to declare Chocó a neutral zone, a territory of peace free from the combat ravaging my country. Because of my work for peace, I was kidnapped by people who identified themselves as paramilitaries."

Hernan Cortés, National Coordination, Proceso de Comunidades Negras (PCN)  2/1/2001 Colombia's Invisible Popular Struggles: "The Black Peoples Process resists becoming symbols of an active and peaceful struggle facing a devastating process that has turned them into the main victims of genocide. As of May 2000, military and paramilitary violence against the Afro Colombian communities increased dramatically. Over 76 lives have been lost from May to December 2000."


Colombia: violence and deforestation in the Choco region  11/1/1999 World Rain Forest: "The Pacific Region of the country, known for its abundance of natural resources and cultural richness, as well as for the constant process of depredation that it has suffered since colonial times (see WRM Bulletin 27 ) is victim of this type of activities. The Forcibly Displaced Afro-Colombian Communities of the Cacarica Basin of the Choco, provisionally settled in Turbo, Bocas del Atrato and Bahia Cupica have denounced the illegal and indiscriminate deforestation of their lands by the YIREH cooperative. This company is apparently operating in connection with the logging corporation Darien Woods Company (Maderas de El Darien)."

Cantos y bailes de Lumbalú en el Palenque de San Basilio. 1992  12/31/1992 Musical AfroLatino: "Imágenes del cortometraje titulado Lumbalú, canto de muerto, realizado en el año 1992 en la población de San Basilio de Palenque, en el departamento de Bolívar, al norte de Colombia, a cargo del director y productor Erwin Goggel. El lumbalú es una religión y ritual funerario de la cultura palenquera en Colombia, en la que intervienen danzas, cantos, música y actuaciones, al parecer es una tradición africana, principalmente de Angola, que fue llevada a Colombia por los esclavos; se ejecuta en comunidad durante las nueve noches siguientes a un fallecimiento para honrar el alma del difunto."


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