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Iván César Martínez

Iván César Martínez had a career as a Cuban diplomat, then joined the faculty at the University of West Indies, Mona, in Kingston, Jamaica, where he is a sociologist in the Government Department. Prior to that, he was Ambassador to Guyana, Barbados, and Zimbabwe.

He is the author of The Open Wound: The Scourge of Racism in Cuba from Colonialism to Communism, Arawak publications, 2007, and has more books on the way.


The Open Wound: The Scourge of Racism in Cuba from Colonialism to Communism (Perfect Paperback), Arawak publications; 1st edition (April 18, 2007), 248p

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This book examines the root causes of racism, its historical development and persistence in Cuba through to the present period. Martinez adds his voice to the theoretical discussion of the most decisive and challenging issue to have faced Cuban society from the time of the Iberian conquest to the present day. The Open Wound is intended to fill certain gaps, both in the general historiography of Cuba and in the philosophical approach to racism. 

It touches how and why this ideology has survived for more that 500 years and also attempts to explain how the Cuban colored population has shared, collectively, the experience of White racism, creating the need among them for a specific national Black-Mulatto agenda that has always been stubbornly suppressed by the White dominant group. 

The chapters of The Open Wound follow a historical sequence tracing the devastating effects produced by this ideological political system on the psyche, the habits, the cultural and aesthetic values, the patriotic and revolutionary behaviors and the material life of the Cuban people. The work aims to demonstrate how for five centuries Cuba s darker-skinned population have not achieved real freedom, and to explain why the different moments in this long period -- colonialism and slavery; abolitionist period with colonial rule; republican-subordinated independent era; anti-democratic dependent regimes; and the period of communism or totalitarian socialism -- have not been able to solve the race-color problem so entrenched in the Cuban elite ideology of White supremacy. The work is also intended to serve as a tool to eradicate this terrible scourge by demystifying the so-called color-blindness of Cuban society and showing clearly the existence of a hierarchical color-structure of power that has never changed and that keeps the majority of the population -- Cubans that have been sentenced for the crime of having been born with a darker skin color -- at the bottom of the society, permanently excluded and reined in. top




1. Cuba's Racial Ideology - An Overview - The State of Probation 

2. The Iberians and their Conquest of the Americas - The Convenient Elasticity of the Racial Divide - Europe Before the Era of New World Colonization - Spain Before Columbus' First Voyage - The Introduction of African Religion and Philosophy to Cuba in the Sixteenth Century 

3. The Development of the Ideology of White Supremacy in Cuba 

4. The Haitian Syndrome A Totalitarian Ideology of Social Exclusion: The Subrogee Mentality of Cuba's Elite and its Historical Defense of Racism 

5. Racialism and Racism in the Wars of Independence - The Tragedy of the First War of Independence - José Martí and the Last War of Independence -  Lessons From the Two Great Wars of Independence 

6. The White Mongrels and the Whitening of Cuba - White Racial Hatred in the War of 1912 

7. The Silent Racial Confrontation (1913 1959)
8. The Enemy Theory, Nationalism and the Race Issue 

9. Racism Within Radical Communism - The Application of the Criminal Code as an Instrument of Racism, and Job Discrimination in the Last two Decades - Exodus from the Cuban Mainland 

10. Has the US Embargo Influenced the Race Issue in Cuba? 

11. Racist Ideological Forms: An Analytical Conclusion 

11/18/09 - Los Fuegos Fatuos de la Nacion Cubana (2009) y La Memoria y el Olvido (2009) por el Dr. Ivan Cesar Martinez

Pronto estará a la venta el libro escrito por el Dr. Ivan Cesar Martinez y el Dr. Juan Benemelis dedicado a analizar a profundidad las causas del racismo en Cuba, su desarrollo histórico y su incidencia negativa en nuestros dias. Este libro analiza como Cuba es hoy dia un pais de millones de personas de descendencias  hispanoafricanas e hispanoibericas quienes no han podido aún consolidar una nación, debido a la permanencia y los obstáculos que presenta  de la Ideología de Supremacía Blanca en la isla, así como el poder hegemónico racista que se deriva de esa ideología. El libro, escrito en idioma Español, se titula "LOS FUEGOS FATUOS DE LA NACION CUBANA" y ha sido publicado por The Ceiba Institute of Afro-Cuban Studies , Kingston Jamaica, 2009. El libro contiene 230 páginas.

También Ivan Cesar Martinez publicó un ensayo en el syllabus afrocubano recién salido "La Memoria y el Olvido". Este ensayo de 33 páginas titulado "Fundamentos Políticos e Ideológicos del Racismo en Cuba" es publicado por The Ceiba Institute of Afro-Cuban Studies, Kingston, Jamaica, 2009, y se une a otros 22 trabajos de intelectuales cubanos que tratan el problema racial en Cuba en este libro que fuera editado por Juan Benemelis.

11/18/09 - Los Fuegos Fatuos de la Nacion Cubana (2009) and La Memoria y el Olvido (2009) by Dr. Ivan Cesar Martinez

Soon out: a book written by Dr. Ivan Cesar Martinez and Dr. Juan Benemelis dedicated to the analysis in depth of the causes of racism in Cuba, their historical development and their negative result during our times. This book analyzes how Cuba is today a country with millions of Spanish speaking people of  African and Spanish descent who have yet to come together in one nation, due to the enduring ideology of white supremacy and the obstacles it presents on the island, along with the hegemonic, racist power derived from it. The book, written in Spanish, is entitled Los Fuegos Fatuos de la Nacion Cubana and has been published by The Ceiba Institute of Afro-Cuban Studies , Kingston Jamaica, 2009. It has 230 pages.

Ivan Cesar Martinez also published an essay in the recently issued AfroCuban syllabus "La Memoria y el Olvido".

This essay of 33 pages entitled "Fundamentos Políticos e Ideológicos del Racismo en Cuba" is published by The Ceiba Institute of Afro-Cuban Studies, Kingston, Jamaica, 2009, and appears alongside 22 other essays by Cuban intellectuals dealing with the racial problem in Cuba in a book edited by Juan Benemelis.


10/18/07 - Comments on the Interview with Eugène Godfried: Call for dialog on the 1912 Massacre  top

Dear Eugenio:

I am so very happy with your gracious surprise. I have known a lot of you through your outstanding and laudable work on AfroCubaWeb. Presently, I am fine, with a lot of work to do and writing a great deal. I have two books in the publishing pipeline and it would please me very much if you could read the one I published on racism in Cuba FROM COLONIALISM TO COMMUNISM. How much I would love to have your opinion on that.

Just go on with your work as a researcher on racism and discriminations matters in Cuba. That is the most important theme in the history of Cuba as a whole, although it is being treated by many like an adjective rather than something more substantial, which it really is. There can neither be a nation nor real democracy with the most fundamental rights of human beings if racial discrimination exists, even if this is covered, open, unconscious, or conscious, a legal code written or a non written norm, but practiced and felt daily by those who have socially been constructed as “whites” or “superior persons”. Racial discrimination is an act of supreme and systematic violence that conduces those who suffer exclusion and marginality in the social, political and economic field to the inexorable decapitation and alienation of their consciousness as human beings, individual or collectively discriminated.

Firm embrace.
Lots of success in your life and I will continue to read all of your writings. 

Ivan Cesar

[Dr. Ivan Cesar Martinez is an African Cuban sociologist who has served as ambassador for revolutionary Cuba in Caribbean countries such as Barbados and Guyana as well as Zimbabwe in Africa.

Dr Cheddi Jagan was the prime minister of Guyana who came to power after general elections to form the first socialist, Marxist Leninist government on the American continent; he later also became the President of that Caribbean nation. Dr. Jagan introduced me to Dr Ivan Cesar Martinez who was then the Cuban Ambassador in Georgetown, Guyana. After a warm and brilliant reception Ivan Cesar Martinez further introduced me to Osvaldo Cardenas, who was then the head of the Caribbean Section of the Department of the Americas of the Cuban Communist Party. A whole new chapter of international history was initiated this way.  Ever Grateful, Eugene Godfried]

18/10/07 - Comentarios sobre la Entrevista con Eugène Godfried: una llamada para el dialogo sobre la masacre de 1912 top

Dear Eugenio: 

Cuanto me alegro que me hayas sorprendido tan gratamente. De ti he sabido mucho por tus encomiables trabajos en AfroCuba Web. Solo te dire que estoy bien, con mucho trabajo y escribiendo mucho - tengo dos libros mas en el "pipe line" para publicar y me gustaria que leyeras el que publique sobre el racismo en Cuba desde el Colonialismo al Comunismo. Cuanto me gustaria tener tu opinion sobre el mismo. 

Sigue ahi en tu labor de "researcher" de los temas raciales cubanos. Ese es el tema mas importante de toda la historia de Cuba, aunque es tratado como uno mas o a veces como algo adjetivo y no tan extremadamente sustantivo como es. No puede haber nacion, ni verdadera democracia, ni verdadero respeto a la dignidad humana y los mas elementales derechos de los hombres si existe discriminacion racial, sea esta velada, abierta, inconsciente o consciente, un codigo legal escrito o una norma no escrita ,pero practicada y sentida a diario por los que socialmente han sido construido como "blancos" o "personas superiores" . La discriminacion racial es un acto de violencia suprema y sistematica que conduce a los que la sufren a la exclusion y la marginalidad en lo social, lo politio y lo economico y a la inexorable decapitacion y alienacion de su conciencia como humanos, individuos o colectivo discrimado. 

Un abrazo 
Exitos en todo lo referente a tu vida 
Leere todos los materials… 
Ivan Cesar

[Dr Ivan Cesar Martinez es socialogo Cubano de descendencia Africana que ha cumplido varias funciones diplomaticas para el gobierno de Cuba Revolucionario: Barbados, Guyana y en Africa, Zimbabwe.

Gracias a la labor del Dr Cheddi Jagan quien fuera primer ministro de Guyana, que ascendio en 1953 al poder tras elecciones generales para formar el primer gobierno de orientacion socialista y marxista-leninista del continente americano y quien posteriormente paso a ser presidente de esta nacion del caribe, fui introducido al Dr Ivan Cesar Martinez entonces embajador de Cuba en Guyana. Despues de una buena e ilustre recepcion siguieron los demas contactos con el Lic. Osvaldo Cardenas quien era el jefe de la Seccion del Caribe del Departamento de las Americas del Partido Comunista de Cuba. Todo un nuevo libro de historia politica internacional quedo abierto a partir de estos momentos. Eternamente Agradecido, Eugenio Godfried]



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