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Phillip A. Howard

Phillip A. Howard is associate professor of Latin American and Caribbean history at Akron University, Akron, OH,  and the author of an interesting book on an often overlooked but still vital part of AfroCuban life: the Cabildos, referred to under the Revolucion as Casa Templos, but in the streets still known as Cabildos.  The Cabildos live on today and are in fact very strong!  From the LSU Press blurb:

Changing History: Afro-Cuban Cabildos and Societies of Color in the Nineteenth Century, Louisiana State University Press

An insightful examination of the history of early Afro-Cuban mutual aid associations

In this ground-breaking work, Philip A. Howard traces the origins and evolution of Afro-Cuban benevolent societies from early African slave-based associations to the Pan-Afro-Cuban groups that emerged in the late nineteenth century. Relying on rich archival materials in Spain and Cuba, Howard illuminates the process by which African immigrants, both slave and free,
employed benevolent societies to retain their culture and identity, to protect their human rights, and eventually to facilitate their integration into post-emancipation Cuban society.

During the first half of the nineteenth century, first- and second-generation Africans in Cuba formed language-based religious groups called cabildos de naciones de Afro-Cubanos in the island's urban areas. Howard examines how cabildos reinforced African culture and mythology on the island and bred conspiracies to abolish slavery and to replace the existent colonial system
in Cuba with another based on racial and social democracy. He explains that as the associations became more demographically Creole or Cuban-born after the 1850s, new Pan-Afro-Cuban societies called sociedades de socorros mutuos emerged seeking to integrate Afro-Cubans into an increasingly industrialized economy and society and advocating a form of racial unity that precluded a separate African or Afro-Cuban identity or culture.

Howard's study is crucial to the understanding of the African experience in nineteenth-century Cuba and will be an indispensable resource for all students of African history in the Americas. To order ==>


Changing History : Afro-Cuban Cabildos and Societies of Color in the Nineteenth Century

Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgments Abbreviations
1. Race and Class in Cuba Before 1850
2. Reassembling African Cabildos in the New World
3. Synthesizing Sacred and Secular Worlds and Roles
4. Inventing a Political Culture
5. Fighting for Independence and Black Emancipation
6. Demanding Change in Postwar Society
7. Empowering Blacks in Pan-Afro-Cuban Societies
8. Uniting for Political Equality
Epilogue Bibliography Index

To order ==>


Louisiana State University Press


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