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Women march against violence
Black Women March Against Violence in Brazil  11/19/2015 Radio Havana

AfroBrazil/AfroBrasil

In the 2010 census, Brazil had a population of 193 million. Of these, 97 million, or a majority of 50.7%, define themselves as black or mixed.  As in Honduras, Colombia and the US, there is a high rate of assassinations. As in Honduras, there is a quasi legal coup still unfolding, the current favored take-over method instead of a military take over.

As in the case of Venezuela and of the US, there are a number of outstanding, internationally based, progressive analyses of the situation in Brazil that do not mention or make only a passing reference to the crucial racial dimensions of the social conflicts. This tends to impede a grass roots response to the coup against progressive forces carried out since 2016 with the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, a response not only in Brasil but in the whole continent. This needs to be corrected #NoMoreSilence.

The Assassination of Marielle Franco and the Dawn of Brazil's New Civil Rights Movement 3/19/2018 OkayAfrica: "Brazil, Latin America's most populous country, is one that has long hidden its apartheid behind the myth of a racial democracy. They prefer to point to classism instead of racism as the cause for the huge disparity in wealth and opportunities between Whites and Blacks. Meanwhile nearly 70 percent of those in extreme poverty in this nation of 200 million are Afro-Brazilian."

Marielle Franco: Why everyone, particularly Black & LGBTQ people, should care about this assassination, 3/15/2018 by Prof Tanya Saunders

Is Brazil Ready for a Black Political Party?  5/23/2017 Americas Quarterly: "Celso Athayde watched closely as members of Congress lined up on April 2016 to vote on President Dilma Rousseff’s impeachment. Conscious of the national audience following the proceedings, legislators dedicated their votes to their constituencies or causes: families, home states, insurance brokers - even Christians. Two things struck Athayde: the representatives were mostly white. And no one - not even the handful of black or brown representatives - said they were voting on behalf of black people." 

Brazil, the World’s Second-Largest Black Nation, Has Been Taken Over by an All White Male Cabinet — Here’s What’s at Stake for Its Afro-Descendants  5/22/2016 Atlanta Black Star: "Brazil has the fifth-largest population and the sixth-largest economy in the world. And if the nation’s new government of all white men has its way, Black power will be erased. Brazil’s majority African-descended population will be shut out of the process, losing the socioeconomic and political gains they have made in recent years.

Racism in a Racial Democracy: The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil  9/25/2005 NACLA: "“Why are you importing a U.S. problem into our society? We are not black, or white, or Indian. We are all Latin Americans.” This discourse of silencing race is upheld by people from all segments of the political spectrum in Latin America. Nonetheless, a scholarship highlighting the significance of racial stratification in the region has been in place for 40 years. Here I review books on racism in Brazil that exemplify the current wave of racial studies in Latin America."

AfroBrasil

En el censo de 2010, Brasil tenía una población de 193 millones. De estos, 97 millones, o una mayoría de 50.7%, se definen como negros o mixtos. Al igual que en Honduras, Colombia y los Estados Unidos, hay un alto índice de asesinatos. Al igual que en Honduras, aún se está desarrollando un golpe de estado casi legal, el actual método de toma de control en lugar de un golpe militar.

Como en el caso de Venezuela y de los EE. UU., hay muchos análisis progresivos sobresalientes de la situación en Brasil que no mencionan o hacen una referencia pasajera a las importantes dimensiones raciales de los conflictos sociales. Esto tiende a impedir una respuesta de base al golpe contra las fuerzas progresistas llevado a cabo en 2016 con la acusación de Dilma Rousseff, no solamente en Brasil pero en todo el continente. Hay que cambiar esto #NoMasSilencio.

Día contra la discriminación racial.... El exterminio continua  3/21/2018 Aporrea: "El reciente asesinato de la concejala afrobrasileña Mariela Franco, ocurrido la semana pasada, es un reflejo que la trilogía racismo-capitalismo-neoliberalismo es una ecuación de la muerte. La concejala estaba contra la violencia racial que se ha agudizado en Brasil en los últimos tiempos, después que el gobierno de Lula había sacado de la pobreza a mas de veinte millones de afrobrasileño y había neutralizado la violencia en algunos barrios y zonas rurales. Con el gobierno impuesto del fascista presidente Michel Temer (Exterminator), la violencia aumento, así como los grupos paramilitares y la exclusión afro."

De la venta informal a la inteligencia del mercado: La historia de la feria afro-descendiente más grande de América Latina  3/13/2018 Global Voices: "Cada noviembre desde hace 16 años, la ciudad de Sao Paulo en Brasil recibe la Feira Preta, la Feria Afrodescendiente más grande de América Latina y por esta razón una referencia obligada de representatividad de la comunidad negra en Brasil, país cuya población es negra en su mayoría. Durante dos semanas desfilan por esta Feria eventos musicales, muestras de artes plásticas, cine, danza, literatura, moda y gastronomía, etc. Miles de visitantes, entre ellos empresarias y empresarios de la industria del calzado, de la confección, y también estilistas, diseñadores, comunicadores y muchos otros, llegan para conocer, adquirir y promover productos de los más de 100 expositores que participan del evento."

Brasil: jóvenes afro inician campaña frente a supuesto abordaje policial indebido  2/23/2018 France 24: "Un video con consejos para jóvenes afro sobre cómo actuar frente a un eventual abordaje abusivo por parte de agentes del orden se viralizó en redes sociales tras la decisión del presidente Michel Temer de intervenir militarmente en Río de Janeiro. “Si eres negro, presta atención: evita salir de noche, nunca salgas sin documentos, avísales a tus amigos a dónde vas a estar, lleva los recibos de cualquier aparato costoso que tengas contigo como un celular, nunca hagas movimientos bruscos frente a un oficial…"

Brasil vive bajo un golpe multidimensional, considera exministra  5/26/2016 Prensa Latina: "Brasil vive hoy bajo los efectos de un golpe multidimensional: parlamentario, de clase, de género y de raza, según la apreciación de la exministra de Mujeres, Igualdad Racial y Derechos Humanos Nilma Lino Gomes. No hay expectativa de reconocimiento de la diversidad en un gobierno golpista, señaló la primera mujer negra en dirigir una universidad pública en el país, para quien la integración de un equipo gubernamental es un retrato de la concepción que está por detrás del mismo. Un gobierno formado por hombres, blancos, de una misma generación, la misma clase social, e inclusive con trayectorias políticas complicadas ante la propia justicia, ya trae implícito un mensaje para el pueblo, dijo."

Emir Sader: El neocolonialismo intelectual  4/16/2015 Sociologos: "La izquierda occidental tuvo siempre un fuerte acento eurocentrista. Las mismas definiciones de izquierda y de derecha de Europa se han difundido por todo el mundo."

Entidades do movimento negro divulgam carta em apoio à Dilma Rousseff  10/16/2014 Brasil de Fato: "No documento, movimento negro diz que Brasil não pode permitir “retrocessos e nem a volta dos grupos conservadores e contrários às ações afirmativas”"

Marielle Franco: Why everyone, particularly Black & LGBTQ people, should care about this assassination, 3/15/2018top
Prof Tanya Saunders

Último pronunciamento de Marielle Franco antes de ser executada
no Rio de Janeiro, 3/14/18 - Marielle Franco's last speech.
1) The progression of the political crisis in Brazil has gotten to the point that the regime that is in power is consolidating its power into the form of a 21st century dictatorship 2.0. That is, instead of having the dictatorship run through a military state, it is going to try to do it in a more clandestine way - that is manipulating Brazil's legal institutions to make it appear as if it wasn't the usurpation of power by a small but powerful group from Brazil's elite class (military etc.)

For this reason you need to be as educated as hell because the lies are starting. The international propaganda is about to intensify - and you need to be sufficiently informed about the country to be able to spot misinformation that's meant to obscure the political crackdown that has begun.

2) My thought has been that this regime is going to start with Black Brazilians, because they are the most likely to put up the fiercest resistance to the attempt to return the country to a seriously repressive and even more racist past. You should note that the poor Black communities that are being occupied in Brazil by the military right now are the same ones that said they would descend from the hills the moment that the government officially arrests Lula. Besides the recent occupation of these communities, the government, literally the president, tried to stop the Carnaval display of G.R.E.S Paraíso do Tuiuti because it included a Dracula figure that looked like the president and the arts display protested the current dictatorship.

And so it begins, they have started targeting Black Brazilian politicians, occupying communities that have expressed that they will resist the final steps to end Brazil's democracy, and now they have begun murdering Black Brazilian political figures and activists who have enough visibility and power that they can bring increased national awareness/attention to things as they progress. What this government wants is to consolidate it's power while Brazilians are stunned by its speed and left scrambling to mobilize against something they thought ended thirty years ago, and most importantly, they want to do it while the world is not watching, closely at least. By that time, they have consolidated power they will be able to tell the world what ever it wants the world to think. - Again, now more than ever, you need to educate yourself about the political situation in Brazil, directing this especially at my peoples because they're fellow Black Americans and that really means something really unique and very important. I can explain that another time if you want.

3) LGBTQ populations (and everyone generally should care about this too): This woman was a Mom and openly Lesbian. I don't think I need to go into detail about the significance of this. Let me know if I do.

Now more than ever you need to pay attention. Because you're going to need to be able, as an international audience, to know the difference between what is happening on the ground and State propaganda justifying/explaining murder and the removal of elected officials who have not been convicted of any wrong doing, or where they were convicted on "something" to make it look like something happened.

Example: one person is accused of having an apartment where someone remodeled their kitchen a political favor - and the evidence is a guy across the street saw someone go into the apartment with remodeling materials. So they are arrested and banned from government.

VS

Someone where banks show that they were involved in money laundering, there are audio and video tapes of them making actual illegal deals - but some how the congress says it doesn't matter and pardons the person.

Or

Another example would be of a well known politician who was busted with TONS of powder cocaine with him in his personal jet, that he owns, and he said, "yeah that was weird, I don't know how all that got there."

You may want to compare it to the U.S. situation but the U.S. "democracy" is way more stable and resilient, especially if people stay engaged. It's the imperialism that's the problem. But that's another conversation.

 

Articles/Artículostop

Protests in Brazil after politician Franco was shot dead | Al Jazeera
March 16, 2018

Brazil elites consider poor and dark-skinned people their enemy – ex-President Rousseff  4/20/2018 RT: "In Brazil, the poor and the dark-skinned were the enemy… They were tortured, they were arrested, they were turned into a lower class, stripped of all rights. We began to change this situation,” she said. “There is still a lot to be done: we need to distribute the wealth in the country, implement tax reform [and] end the oligopoly of the media and banks that control different aspects of the country’s life.”

Lula y el «crimen» de la izquierda  4/5/2018 Granma: [Seria importante incluir la dimension racial del conflicto en Brazil, donde la supremacia blanca escondita es un motor importante de la contrarrevolucion. Reconociendo esto, se mobiliza a mas gente. Esto es un problema por muchos progresistas en todo en continente.]

Pour notre sœur Marielle: le poing levé, le cœur serré  3/26/2018 MediaPart: "Nous, organisations noires et afroféministes pour la libération noire basées en Amérique du Nord et en Europe, nous tenons debout, le cœur serré mais le poing levé pour notre sœur Marielle Franco. Elle qui a dédié sa vie à la communauté Afro-brésilienne, et s’est battue pour la justice pour tou·te·s. Elle a habité ce monde, en portant les combats pour la libération noire, en politisant sa position de femme noire queer venant de classe populaire."

EGUNGUN Itaparica - Bahia - Brasil.  3/23/2018 Ayrá ní sé fürè: "E ainda tem aqueles que dizem,que só na África tem Asé. Ancestrais todos nós temos e seremos, vale a pena cultuar o que de maior foi deixado. Olodumaré Asé."

Día contra la discriminación racial.... El exterminio continua  3/21/2018 Aporrea: "El reciente asesinato de la concejala afrobrasileña Mariela Franco, ocurrido la semana pasada, es un reflejo que la trilogía racismo-capitalismo-neoliberalismo es una ecuación de la muerte. La concejala estaba contra la violencia racial que se ha agudizado en Brasil en los últimos tiempos, después que el gobierno de Lula había sacado de la pobreza a mas de veinte millones de afrobrasileño y había neutralizado la violencia en algunos barrios y zonas rurales. Con el gobierno impuesto del fascista presidente Michel Temer (Exterminator), la violencia aumento, así como los grupos paramilitares y la exclusión afro."

The Assassination of Marielle Franco and the Dawn of Brazil's New Civil Rights Movement  3/19/2018 OkayAfrica: "Brazil, Latin America's most populous country, is one that has long hidden its apartheid behind the myth of a racial democracy. They prefer to point to classism instead of racism as the cause for the huge disparity in wealth and opportunities between Whites and Blacks. Meanwhile nearly 70 percent of those in extreme poverty in this nation of 200 million are Afro-Brazilian."

Former Brazilian President Lula: It’s Clear Marielle Franco’s Assassination Was Premeditated  3/19/2018 Democracy Now: "And President Temer should have learned a great lesson with this killing, which is that the problem of violence in the peripheral areas of our Brazil is not going to be resolved by turning to the armed forces. It is necessary that the state have a presence in the peripheral neighborhoods of Brazil—with jobs, education, healthcare, cultural activities, employment and salaries, so that people can survive and live with dignity. The armed forces were not trained to deal with common crime in the favelas in Brazil. They were trained to defend our country from outside enemies. In other words, when people understand that violence in Brazil is associated with the very poor quality of life that people are subjected to and the lack of proper living conditions for people living in peripheral areas, then there will be less violence in the peripheral areas, especially against children, young people and black people in our country."

The assassination of a black human rights activist in Brazil has created a global icon  3/18/2018 Quartz: "According to Piauí, over the next 42 hours, Franco became the subject of more than 3.6 million tweets from 400,000 users in 54 countries and in 34 languages—more than the impeachment of president Dilma Rousseff… Rose Vieira’s son, a policeman, was killed in 2012 and she sought help from the human rights commission of Rio de Janeiro, where Franco worked for 10 years. ”Just to give you an idea, Marielle did not have a car at this time,” she told Globo.com. “She wasn’t even a councilwoman. She arrived [at my house] by train. I can’t say that this person did not help me. Who would come all the way to Duque de Caxias, another city by train just to help? Only Marielle.”

Coronel da PM do Rio homenageia e rebate acusações contra Marielle Franco  3/18/2018 RBA: "Em resposta aos ataques nas redes sociais à vereadora Marielle Franco (Psol-RJ), assassinada na quarta-feira (14), o coronel da reserva da Polícia Militar do Rio de Janeiro (Pmerj) Robson Rodrigues da Silva defendeu o trabalho e o caráter da parlamentar, em seu Facebook. Ele relata, entre outras passagens, que certa vez Marielle o procurou para discutir formas de ajudar policiais que sofriam de abusos, assédio moral e sexual e outras violações de seus direitos. "Alguém que 'só quer defender bandido' teria esse comportamento?", diz o oficial."

Ammunition Which Killed Marielle Franco in Rio Stolen from Police  3/17/2018 Rio Times: "The ammunition used to kill Rio de Janeiro councilwoman, Marielle Franco and her driver on Wednesday night came from a lot sold to the Federal Police in 2006 and stolen from a post office storage facility in the state of Paraiba, confirmed Public Secretary Minister Raul Jungmann on Friday night... The official also links this lot of ammunition to the one used in São Paulo’s Metropolitan Area in August of 2015 where in a single night seventeen people were killed in several spots around the region. Three military police officers and a local police officer were convicted of the crimes... The report said that bullets from this lot were also used in crimes involving rival drug trafficking gangs in Rio’s Metropolitan area of São Gonçalo between 2015 and 2017."

Marielle Franco: Why my friend was a repository of hope and a voice for Brazil's voiceless, before her devastating assassination  3/17/2018 Independent: by Glenn Greenwald - "Most of all, the country is left to try to find a way to ensure that this does not become yet another episode that reinforces the long-standing truth that violent factions are free to murder anyone with impunity. Their challenge is to ensure, instead, that Franco’s death is not in vain, by using it to galvanise thousands and tens of thousands of new Marielles, inspired by her singularly potent example.

ALARI condena  3/16/2018 Afro-Latin American Research Institute at the Hutchins Center, Harvard: "ALARI condena enérgicamente el asesinato de la activista y concejal afrobrasileña Marielle Franco, quien estaba invitada a visitar nuestro centro el próximo mes."

The Guardian view on the murder of Brazilian politicians: Marielle Franco’s legacy  3/16/2018 The Guardian, UK: "The outrage of her murder should only illuminate the power of her message. In some ways her story symbolises the evolution of social movements in Brazil and the way that a longstanding working-class protest movement has begun to form connections with middle-class activism: she was an intellectual born and raised in a favela. Some supporters hope that her death will prove a turning point, saying the strength of the protests suggests it has broken a widespread apathy. Set against this are the grave fears of Brazil tilting still further away from justice, fairness and security, particularly given the popularity of Mr Bolsonaro. It would be especially punitive for those already hit by austerity and harsh police tactics. In this context, international condemnation of this murder matters."

The Assassination of Human Rights Activist Marielle Franco Was a Huge Loss for Brazil — and the World  3/16/2018 The Intercept: "We must connect our struggles in the U.S. to those in Brazil. Marielle Franco was one of us. Her priorities are our priorities. Her dreams are our dreams. Her struggles are our struggles."

Rio councilwoman Marielle Franco assassinated with four shots to the head; in execution style murder, assailants also killed the driver of the vehicle  3/16/2018 Black Women of Brazil: "I know people don’t like thinking about conspiracy theories, most likely because they really can’t fathom the level of evil that controls our world on a daily basis. But you will never convince me that Marielle just happened to speak out on police brutality and the repugnant treatment of the favela population and then, just days later, a car tailed her for several blocks, knew exactly where she was sitting, struck her four times in the head, didn’t steal anything and then disappeared into the night. Let’s get real. We know why people who witness violent acts by police often remain silent or conceal their identities. And I can’t say with any certainty who murdered Franco in such a heartless manner. But this was no random case of violence. Given the facts that we know there has been a plan to exterminate Brazil’s “undesirables”, and that many assassins are elements within the ranks of those who are supposed to be protecting us, what conclusion would you come to? Rest in Peace and Power Marielle Franco. We will all miss you!"

Caso Marielle Franco: as últimas notícias sobre a morte da vereadora do Rio  3/16/2018 El Pais 

Marcha contra o genocídio negro SÃO PAULO por Marielle Franco! at MASP - Museu de Arte de São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand.  3/16/2018 Celynha Moreira: "Ilú Obá De Min pedindo justiça pra Marielle Franco". [Video with chanting in Yoruba.]

Respeitem a memória de Marielle Franco. Foi assassinato.  3/15/2018 Blogueiras Negras: "Estamos em vigília, rezamos, choramos, pedimos ao sagrado. Nossos olhos choram a dor que é de todas, irmanadas como mulheres negras por um luto que tem nome, circunstâncias revoltantes, uma crueldade própria aos acontecimentos que a gente vê acontecer mas não acredita. Mais um assassinato. Temos dor mas nosso coração agora queima pelo genocídio da mulher negra, saibam senhores, esse sentimento não será enterrado. Ele sempre foi luta. #MariellePresente"

Rio de Janeiro Marches for Marielle Franco  3/15/2018 teleSUR: "LIVE | Tens of thousands of Afro-Brazilian women and allies are taking to the streets of Rio de Janeiro to commemorate the life of assassinated Afro-Brazilian human rights activist and leftist councilwoman, Marielle Franco. #MariellePresente (via Midia Ninja)"

Rising Afro-Brazilian Politician Marielle Franco Has Died in a Targeted Assassination in Rio  3/15/2018 OkayAfrica: has useful links

‘Tombamento’ – Black Brazilian women’s ongoing struggle for power  3/15/2018 Groundtruth: "There’s a slang word in Brazilian Portuguese that has come to describe the fierce style and unapologetic verve of a new generation of black Brazilians: tombamento. It comes from the lyrics of black Brazilian rapper Karol Conká and refers to a combination of winning, dazzling, and honoring history. Or, in Beyoncé parlance: slaying. And tombamento describes the young dancer whose graceful stomps and fiery twists made a university event hall vibrate with pride in September on Rio de Janeiro’s wealthy south side. Twenty years ago, it would have been unthinkable for a ceremonial Afro-Brazilian dance routine to pack a main room with black Brazilians at the prestigious Catholic University of Rio, a historically white institution. Now, it was accompanied by endless hollers of “Queen!”"

Remembering Marielle Franco, a black Brazilian trailblazer  3/15/2018 Ground Truth: "Franco, a sociologist, was elected in 2016 as part of the leftist Socialism and Liberty Party (PSOL). She was one of only six women on Rio’s 51-person city council. During her time on the council, she introduced bills to chip away at some of Brazil’s most pressing issues like sexual violence and the incarceration of black youth. Franco and the 31 other black women who won city council seats in other Brazilian state capitals in October 2016 are part of a generation of young black Brazilians who have become increasingly vocal inside and outside statehouses."

Murder of Politician Marielle Franco Shocks Brazil  3/15/2018 Prensa Latina: "Brazil was shocked today by the assassination last night of councilor for the Socialism and Freedom Party (PSOL) and human rights activist Marielle Franco, who opposed militarization of Rio de Janeiro. Franco, 39 years old, was gunned down last night in the center of Rio de Janeiro, after participating in a meeting for the defense of black women's rights."

Brazilian Politician Marielle Franco Was Killed After Attending A Black Women's Empowerment Event  3/15/2018 Bustle: "On Thursday, #JustiçaParaMarielle — "Justice for Marielle" — was trending on Twitter. Demonstrations were planned in several Brazilian cities to protest her murder and call for justice."

Mal presagio: el mensaje de la concejal brasileña Marielle Franco horas antes de ser asesinada  3/15/2018 Infobae: "El 10 de marzo denunció en las redes sociales una operación policial en la favela de Acarí. "El 41 Batallón de la Policía Militar está aterrorizando y violentando a los habitantes de Acarí (…) Es algo que ocurre desde siempre y con la intervención es peor", escribió."

Marielle Franco: MANIFESTO DA REDE DE HISTORIADORXS NEGRXS  3/15/2018 Afro-Latin American Research Institute at the Hutchins Center, Harvard: "Entendemos que estamos inseridXs num cenário em que se processa mais uma atualização brutal da violência que historicamente tem inviabilizado a vida de homens e mulheres negrXs no Brasil, sociedade fundada na escravidão e na naturalização/romantização do ódio dispensado a populações negras e indígenas e demais condenados desta terra. Temos consciência do papel decisivo operado pelo racismo na formação e na reprodução deste país e sabemos que seu poder de letalidade se amplia ao se articular com o machismo, o elitismo e outras práticas cotidianas de exclusão e promoção da injustiça social."

Líderes da direita respondem ao assassinato de Marielle Franco com abusos, politicagem e silêncio  3/15/2018 The Intercept: "Segue abaixo uma catarata dos piores exemplos de humanidade hoje, selecionados só entre pessoas e páginas com uma voz poderosa e com muitos seguidores. Não recomendo para quem tem hipertensão. (Obs.: Não vou linkar nenhum deles aqui porque não sou obrigado. Se tiver curiosidade, pode procurar nas redes.)"

Protests planned across Brazil after Rio councillor shot dead  3/15/2018 Guardian 

Marielle Franco, councillor and police critic, shot dead in targeted killing in Rio  3/14/2018 Guardian: "Both officials said it appeared Franco was targeted. Franco was a black woman who defied the odds of Rio politics to win the fifth highest vote count among council members when she was elected in 2016. She was an expert on police violence and on Saturday accused officers of being overly aggressive in searching residents of gang-controlled shantytowns."

Brazilian Rights Activist Marielle Franco Assassinated in Rio  3/14/2018 teleSUR: "Prominent Brazilian human rights activist and leftist councilwoman Marielle Franco has been assassinated in Rio de Janeiro, it is being reported. Part of a generation of young Black Brazilians who are becoming increasingly vocal inside and outside statehouses, Franco was elected to office in 2016. A resident of the Favela da Maré, an impoverished community in Rio, she was one of the main defenders of human rights in the country. The day before she was murdered, Marielle complained about the violence in the city in a post on her personal Twitter. In the post, she questioned the action of the Military Police."

Multitudinaria marcha que muestra su diversidad abre el Foro Social Mundial  3/14/2018 EFE: "El Foro "es un espacio muy importante. Creo que es el mejor que tenemos que mejorar muchas cosas. Aquí se unen todos los pueblos, de colores diferentes, de idiomas diferentes, de etnias diferentes y hasta perspectivas diferentes, pero con un punto en común: cambiar lo que no está bien para los pobres", dijo a Efe Edson Franca, representante del Movimiento Unión de Negros por la Igualdad."

Is Brazil’s Most Famous Art Movement Built on Racial Inequality? A New Generation Argues ‘Yes’  3/13/2018 Artnet: "Slowly, the tectonic plates of the Brazilian art world are shifting. While established curators, critics, and artists in Brazil have long resisted viewing art or art history through the lens of race, a small but increasingly influential group is beginning to build a platform for that conversation. Scholars are re-examining Brazil’s most influential movements from a new perspective, while artists are creating work that confronts the country’s racial complexities and the ways they have manifested in the art world head on."

De la venta informal a la inteligencia del mercado: La historia de la feria afro-descendiente más grande de América Latina  3/13/2018 Global Voices: "Cada noviembre desde hace 16 años, la ciudad de Sao Paulo en Brasil recibe la Feira Preta, la Feria Afrodescendiente más grande de América Latina y por esta razón una referencia obligada de representatividad de la comunidad negra en Brasil, país cuya población es negra en su mayoría. Durante dos semanas desfilan por esta Feria eventos musicales, muestras de artes plásticas, cine, danza, literatura, moda y gastronomía, etc. Miles de visitantes, entre ellos empresarias y empresarios de la industria del calzado, de la confección, y también estilistas, diseñadores, comunicadores y muchos otros, llegan para conocer, adquirir y promover productos de los más de 100 expositores que participan del evento."

Brazil: Danny Glover Visits Lula to Support Presidential Bid  3/9/2018 teleSUR: "When asked “Why does Brazil attract you?” during an interview with Rede Brasil Atual, Glover stated: “Much of (my) work with TransAfrica Forum deals with workers' rights, mainly the rights and (social) condition of 150 million African-descendants in the (western) hemisphere, of which, 80 million live in Brazil. Due to its leadership in the region and world, Brazil can have an extraordinary influence in the future of African descendants.” Lula previously met Glover while he was president and also in 2011 when the activist attended a congress organized by the Central Workers' Union in Guarulhos, Sao Paulo."

Eleguá – Menino e Malandro  3/7/2018 Portal Afro: "A peça conta a história de Eleguá, um príncipe muito esperto – e também o mais importante dos orixás na santeria cubana! Apesar de ainda ser somente uma criança, todos têm medo de suas travessuras e de seu jeito zombador e brincalhão. Mas um dia Eleguá decidiu partir em busca de novas descobertas, andando de cidade em cidade, perambulando e conhecendo ouros lugares e pessoas pra ajudar e ser ajudado."

Afro-Brazilian web-series promotes community unification, black entrepreneurship, and autonomy  3/2/2018 AfroPunk: "Afronta’ is a Brazilian web series written and directed by Juliana Vicente, that invites contemporary black thinkers to the show to discuss their sense of belonging in the community, entrepreneurship, ancestrality, and afrofuturism. Recorded in both Brazil and the U.S., the series aims to foster conversations about the African diaspora, promoting our own autonomy as a community, challenging the status quo, and loving and accepting ourselves as a collective. So far, episodes feature sit-downs with artists like Anelis Assumpção, Karol Conka, Linikerand Tássia Reis, as well as blogger Magá Moura, the curator and creative director Diane Lima and the Rio de Janeiro ballet dancer from Dance Theater of Harlem, Ingrid Silva."

Brasil: jóvenes afro inician campaña frente a supuesto abordaje policial indebido  2/23/2018 France 24: "Un video con consejos para jóvenes afro sobre cómo actuar frente a un eventual abordaje abusivo por parte de agentes del orden se viralizó en redes sociales tras la decisión del presidente Michel Temer de intervenir militarmente en Río de Janeiro. “Si eres negro, presta atención: evita salir de noche, nunca salgas sin documentos, avísales a tus amigos a dónde vas a estar, lleva los recibos de cualquier aparato costoso que tengas contigo como un celular, nunca hagas movimientos bruscos frente a un oficial…"

Fists up!! Members of Afro-Brazilian intellectual debate group fill mall movie theater to watch Black Panther  2/20/2018 Black Women of Brazil: "Such as when the black characters allowed one of the few white characters to participate in their struggle, but made sure to signal to him, “Yes, you’re here, and on our team, but sit back, white man, because WE RUNNIN’ THIS PIECE!” It spoke to centuries of slavery and white supremacy of which black Brazilians have been made silent and not allowed to participate from any position of authority in society."

Rio’s Carnival goes political, and a little-known samba school ignites a firestorm  2/17/2018 WaPo: "With Brazil’s president portrayed as a “neoliberal vampire” and dancers dressed as shackled slaves and downtrodden street vendors, a scrappy samba school brought politics to the heart of Rio’s glamorous Carnival parade, posing the sensitive question of whether slavery still exists in the country and setting off a firestorm of praise and criticism. Though Carnival ended Wednesday, the debate over the performance by Paraíso de Tuiuti continues, echoing the political upheavals shaking Latin America's economic powerhouse."

ONU preocupada con derechos de afrodescendientes en Brasil  2/8/2018 Prensa Latina: "La Oficina Regional para América del Sur del Alto Comisionado de Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos (Acnudh) manifestó hoy su preocupación por posibles restricciones a las facultades de los pueblos tribales afrodescendientes (quilombolas) en Brasil. En una nota suscrita de conjunto con la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH), la representación de la ONU dijo observar que 'el ambiente de inseguridad jurídica respecto a las políticas de acceso al territorio de los pueblos quilombolas y su modo de vida tradicional debilita la protección de sus derechos'."

In Brazil, Racism Can Wear A Friendly Face — But It’s No Less Insidious  12/6/2017 Huff Post: "Is there a white smell, Franciele? Or just a “neguinha” smell? Under the guise of good humor and friendly jokes, racial prejudice is alive and kicking in these expressions and comparisons."

La comunidad negra en Brasil, la que más sufre pese a ser mayoría  11/20/2017 La Vanguardia: "En el último país de América en abolir la esclavitud, en 1888, la comunidad negra y mulata representa más de la mitad de la población, pero es también la que más muere, menos gana y más sufre con el desempleo en Brasil, donde centenas de personas se han congregado este lunes en diferentes ciudades para conmemorar el Día de la Conciencia Negra, una celebración que recuerda el asesinato en 1695 de Zumbi dos Palmares, un negro que gobernó una posteriormente fracasada “república” de esclavos libres en el noreste del país."

In Brazil, religious gang leaders say they’re waging a holy war  11/2/2017 The Conversation: "I study violence in Latin America, and I’ve observed a sharp increase in reports of religiously motivated crimes in Rio de Janeiro over the past year, in particular attacks on “terreiros” – the temples belonging to the Candomblé and Umbanda faiths."

Drug traffickers and pastors united by prejudice? Is Evangelical demonizing of Afro-Brazilian religions to blame for recent violent assaults?  10/2/2017 Black Women of Brazil: "In one attack in August, 65-year old Maria da Conceição Cerqueira da Silva suffered injuries to her face, mouth and arm when she was stoned in Nova Iguaçu, in suburban Rio. According to her family, she was a victim of religious intolerance. One of the principal culprits of this increasing violence against Afro-Brazilian religious followers is the Evangelical church, whose rhetoric and demonizing of these religions, lead followers who claim to represent Jesus, to violently oppress, threaten and attack followers of a religion they consider to be “of the devil”."

Urgent Letter to International Journalists and Organizations: Afro-Brazilian Religions Under Attack  9/30/2017 Rioonwatch: "By means of this letter, I kindly ask international bodies or even the UN itself to take action against the cases of violence, destruction, death, beatings, and torture that black people who follow Afro-Brazilian religions are facing. There have been such cases all over the country. The State of Rio de Janeiro is the leader in that ill-omened ranking. Many municipalities have been under attack. Armed men with machine guns and rifles invade religious houses and force religious leaders to break all of the objects in the houses as well as sacred artifacts. Those men beat people up or torture them with threats of severing their hands off if they do not obey."

Three Reasons Charlottesville Could Happen in Brazil  8/24/2017 Rio On Watch: "In Brazil, police brutality in majority Afro-Brazilian favela communities is also “every day.” At a rate accelerated by mega-events like the World Cup and the Olympics, police have been found to kill one person for every 23 arrested, compared to 1 in 37,000 in the US. Rio’s police, called the most violent in the world, killed more than 8,000 people in the last decade, three-fourths of whom were black men. The post-Olympic economic crisis in Rio coupled with longer-term policy failures, has increased violence in Rio in 2017."

Candomblé, Afro-Brazilian Women, and African Religiosity in Brazil  6/15/2017 Black Perspectives: "Africana women — in particular, Afro-Brazilian women — who practice African indigenous religiosity both historically and contemporarily play a pivotal role in Black women’s political mobilization in Brazil. By embracing Candomblé — a Pan-African spiritual subset of Ifá — Black Brazilian women who practice African religious customs are not only asserting their socio-political agency, but more importantly, they are promoting an intersectional stance that focuses on their race, gender, and the social injustices that impact their livelihoods."

Is Brazil Ready for a Black Political Party?  5/23/2017 Americas Quarterly: "Celso Athayde watched closely as members of Congress lined up on April 2016 to vote on President Dilma Rousseff’s impeachment. Conscious of the national audience following the proceedings, legislators dedicated their votes to their constituencies or causes: families, home states, insurance brokers - even Christians. Two things struck Athayde: the representatives were mostly white. And no one - not even the handful of black or brown representatives - said they were voting on behalf of black people."

Nilma Lino Gomes: The minister of the equality  5/15/2017 Atlantico: "Nilma Lino Gomes, a pedagogue, is a reference as a researcher and active in the Brazilian Black movement and nowadays, she occupies an important role in Brazil. The Minister is from Minas Gerais and was born in Belo Horizonte. She is the Minister for the Special Agency for Policies on Racial Equality, Seppir. She has been in this position since the beginning of the year. Nilma is on the battle front for overcoming racism and decreasing racial inequalities."

Brazil’s New Problem With Blackness  4/5/2017 Foreign Policy: "For Brazil’s black activists, however, the breach of the country’s unofficial color-blindness has also been accompanied by suspicion over race fraud: people taking advantage of affirmative action policies never meant for them in the first place. “These spots are for people who are phenotypically black,” Mailson Santiago, a history major at the Federal University of Pelotas and a member of the student activist group Setorial Negro, told me. “It’s not for people with black grandmothers.”"

Batalhão de Irajá é recordista em mortes decorrentes de ação policial no Rio  3/31/2017 Globo: [The Batallion implicated in the murder of Mirielle Franco, 2018]

Social Inequality And Colorism Within The Afro-Brazilian Community  8/15/2016 Odyssee: "Colorism, a discrimination based on skin complexion within one’s own race, has been evolving throughout the centuries."

Impeachment, culture wars and the politics of identity in Brazil  5/26/2016 The Conversation: "The suspension of Dilma Rousseff from the presidency provided vivid evidence of what may be a looming battle of cultural narratives and civic society. At his hasty inauguration, Vice President Michel Temer, who is of Lebanese descent, surrounded himself with his 22 newly named cabinet ministers. All are male and light skinned. In both his statements about the new administration and his appointments one thing is clear. The officially sanctioned government approval of multiculturalism and the new social movements over the past 20 years will now come under direct assault. Much of the inflamed rhetoric in both houses of congress during the impeachment proceedings demonstrates the resurgence of an unrepentant Right after more than 13 years of PT administrations. The New York Times quoted Brazilian TV evangelist Silas Malafaia as saying Temer’s new education minister will “be able to sweep away the ideology of pathological leftists.”"

Brasil vive bajo un golpe multidimensional, considera exministra  5/26/2016 Prensa Latina: "Brasil vive hoy bajo los efectos de un golpe multidimensional: parlamentario, de clase, de género y de raza, según la apreciación de la exministra de Mujeres, Igualdad Racial y Derechos Humanos Nilma Lino Gomes. No hay expectativa de reconocimiento de la diversidad en un gobierno golpista, señaló la primera mujer negra en dirigir una universidad pública en el país, para quien la integración de un equipo gubernamental es un retrato de la concepción que está por detrás del mismo. Un gobierno formado por hombres, blancos, de una misma generación, la misma clase social, e inclusive con trayectorias políticas complicadas ante la propia justicia, ya trae implícito un mensaje para el pueblo, dijo."

Brazil, the World’s Second-Largest Black Nation, Has Been Taken Over by an All White Male Cabinet — Here’s What’s at Stake for Its Afro-Descendants  5/22/2016 Atlanta Black Star: "Brazil has the fifth-largest population and the sixth-largest economy in the world. And if the nation’s new government of all white men has its way, Black power will be erased. Brazil’s majority African-descended population will be shut out of the process, losing the socioeconomic and political gains they have made in recent years. Aside from Nigeria, no other country has as many Black people as Brazil. And yet, one would not know this solely by looking at the recently installed cabinet. Although this is a story unto itself, it is only the beginning of the story."

Where was the Afro-Brazilian community at the protests against Dilma Rousseff?  3/22/2016 Medium: "Among the demands for honesty, there were no signs at all that demanded equal rights, quotas or labor right achievements for maids. Instead, what was seen on Paulista avenue was representing the desire of a middle class and the Brazilian white elite to maintain their privileges. The event is to social justice just as the casarão (slave owners large house) is to the slave quarters. Identical and widely self-evident."

Lo peor para la clase dominante en Brasil sería la reelección de Lula, asegura Frei Betto  3/9/2016 Cubadebate 

The Cabula 12: Brazil’s police war against the black community  2/25/2016 Al Jazeera: "As Salvador was kicking off Carnival, Brazil’s biggest party, earlier this month, a somber event was taking place in a poor neighborhood far from the gaudy music-blaring floats and drunken revelers. A few dozen residents of Cabula, the cinder-block favela, gathered to commemorate the murder of eight young black men and four black teenagers on Feb. 6, 2015. Witnesses said they last saw the 12 Cabula residents at around 3 a.m. on Feb. 6 of last year being led by a military police officers down a hill toward an empty dirt field surrounded by trees. Gunshots were heard, and shortly after the police were seen putting bodies in a truck and leaving the neighborhood. All of them were young, black and lived in the community."

Proyecto de ley en Brasil para la inclusiòn del racismo como factor agravante en la comisión de un delito.  1/8/2016 Uruguay Negro: "El Senado puede decidir en 2016 sobre un proyecto de ley que incluye entre las circunstancias que agravan la pena de un criminal, han actuado con sentimientos de discriminación y racial perjuicio. Autor del proyecto de ley, el senador Paulo Paim (PT-RS) para insertar en la regla del Código Penal que establece el marco jurídico del factor subjetivo, se originó en el sentimiento racista y prejuiciosa, que impulsa la acción concreta de la persona que practica un delito."

Black Women March Against Violence in Brazil  11/19/2015 Radio Havana: "According to organizers, at least 10,000 Black women marched Wednesday in Brasilia to protest against violence, racism, and to demand gender equality. They came from around the country for the occasion, and gathered outside the National Congress of Brazil, protesting against the recent wave of conservative bills that attempt to reduce their rights."

Brazil's 'Black Lives Matter' struggle — even deadlier  11/3/2015 PRI: "The police committed more than 1 in every 6 of Rio de Janeiro's homicides between 2010 and 2013. And 4 out of 5 of those who are slain overall were under 29 years old — and of African descent. These startling figures come from an analysis of official homicide data by Amnesty International. The problem spans far beyond Rio, and more recent incidents have raised concern that it's not going away."

A Brazilian student mapped out Rio's racial segregation. What he found was startling  11/2/2015 PRI: "“The Zona Sul [South Zone] of Rio is about 80 percent white — 80 percent!” Barbosa said. “I knew it would be high, but I didn’t think it would be that stark.” According to Barbosa’s research, one neighborhood, Lagoas, was almost 90 percent white. "

Cordial Racism: Race as a Cultural Complex  9/1/2015 Jung Atlanta: "Considering the growing importance of psychological studies of groups and communities, we believe that a psychological perspective on the cultural identity of Latin America is of major importance. We must always remember that Jung emphasized that psychology is a peculiar science since the psychologist is both the observer and object of its work. He also said that a psy- chological theory is always a pe rsonal confession. So, I believe it is important for us Latin Americans to have a specific per- spective in analytical psychology that takes into account the points of view of our continent. I believe the concept of cultural complex is central to this endeavor. We consider that the color prejudice that took shape throughout Brazilian history repre- sents one of the most important cultural complexes in Brazil."

Dark-Skinned Or Black? How Afro-Brazilians Are Forging A Collective Identity  8/12/2015 NPR: "She's been participating in the black pride movement for over 15 years. And it seems to be working, she says, because the number of people self identifying as pardo or preto surged in the latest census. And more importantly, lawmakers are beginning to pay more attention to issues of inequality. Brazil now has an affirmative action program for higher education. Before the program launched, only seven percent of Afro-Brazilians went to college. Now it's about 15 percent, and the numbers are growing."

Você conhece Frantz Fanon?  7/11/2015 Negro Belchior: "Neste livro o autor discute os impactos do racismo e do colonialismo na psique (de colonizadores e colonizados) e mostra o quanto as alienações coloniais são incorporadas pelos colonizados, mesmo no contexto de elaboração do protesto negro."

Brazil's prison population increased 74 per cent in seven years, says UNDP  6/5/2015 UNDP: "Brazil's prison population has increased 74 percent from 2005 to 2012, says a new UN Development Programme (UNDP)-National Youth Secretariat (SNJ) report launched here today. This growth was mainly driven by the detention of young Brazilians of African descent and women, according to the new report titled "Brazilian Youth Imprisonment Map""

Emir Sader: El neocolonialismo intelectual  4/16/2015 Sociologos: "La izquierda occidental tuvo siempre un fuerte acento eurocentrista. Las mismas definiciones de izquierda y de derecha de Europa se han difundido por todo el mundo."

Brazil’s elites are revolting  3/22/2015 Al Jazeera: "All this upsets the nation’s elites. But the issue that many find most offensive is affirmative action in public universities, which are the most prestigious academic institutions in Brazil. Though they charge no tuition, the schools are a traditional bastion of elite privilege, the place where senators, ministers, presidents, judges and newspaper editors are all educated. Since 2003, the number of college students has doubled, with the biggest gains among the working class and lower middle class. In the last few years, the universities have set aside nearly half their slots for affirmative action candidates, bringing the subject of racial inequality into public debate after a long period of neglect."

Levantamento mostra que área do 41º BPM (Irajá) é a mais perigosa da cidade  3/7/2015 Odia: [The Batallion implicated in the murder of Mirielle Franco, 2018]

Afro-Brazilian religions struggle against Evangelical hostility  2/6/2015 WaPo: "Candomblé survived centuries of slavery, but the quasi-respectability it has gained in recent decades is now under concentrated attack from radical Evangelical Christians, a growing force in Catholic Brazil, who regard it as the devil’s work and its priests and priestesses as little more than neighborhood witches. Tactics range from propaganda blitzkriegs launched on blogs and YouTube videos to threats, violence and expulsions from drug gangs. Afro-Brazilian religious leaders and sympathizers are fighting back in court. A low-intensity war is being fought for Brazilian souls."

The under-representation of Afro-Brazilians on television  11/30/2014 Black Women of Brazil: "If Brazil is truly proud of its mixed ancestry and variety of phenotypes, why do the majority of faces and bodies on television only represent the European side of this mixture?"

Racismo en Brasil: ley puede castigar la falta de respeto, pero no puede enseñar a amar  11/21/2014 Adital: 'Aprovechando la ocasión, Conic (Consejo Nacional de Iglesias Cristianas de Brasil) hizo una entrevista con el monje Marcelo Barros. La conversación abordó, entre otros temas, la persecución que religiones con raíces africanas (como el Candomblé y la Umbanda) todavía sufren en Brasil; el papel del poder público, de los cupos, además de su más reciente libro, "En la casa de mi padre hay muchas moradas - Conversaciones con un pastor pentecostal sobre la Biblia y otras religiones”*."

Entidades do movimento negro divulgam carta em apoio à Dilma Rousseff  10/16/2014 Brasil de Fato: "No documento, movimento negro diz que Brasil não pode permitir “retrocessos e nem a volta dos grupos conservadores e contrários às ações afirmativas”"

Why Brazil's would-be first black president trails among blacks  10/3/2014 Reuters: "In recent weeks, Reuters interviewed two dozen Brazilians of color in three different cities. Many said they would be proud to see Silva win – especially in a country where people of color have historically been underrepresented in government, universities and elsewhere. Yet they also said they were more focused on the economy than any other factor. Since taking power in 2003, Rousseff’s leftist Workers’ Party has made enormous strides in reducing poverty – especially among blacks."

Flashmob protests sweep across Brazil  1/17/2014 FT: "Mr Takeuti was motivated to act by a crackdown on other flashmobs, which began last month as parties but have become more political. “I couldn’t bear to see the criminalisation of poor, black kids,” he says. Similar protest-cum-rampages are planned in at least eight other states across Brazil this weekend, with more than 8,000 expected at one shopping centre in Rio de Janeiro. Popular among poor, largely black, Brazilians, the flashmobs have begun to snowball into a nationwide movement against racism and inequality, threatening the government with further violent mass protests just as the country prepares to host the football World Cup, academics say."

Am I supposed to be more Brazilian than black?  12/20/2013 Africa is a Country: "The documentary film, “Raça,” explores whether nationality should be considered a race (the “Brazilian race”) and whether black Brazilians should abandon once and for all their racial identity for the sake of some Brazilian unity. The filmmakers also ask whether this question itself isn’t already a consequence of institutional racism. Am I supposed to be more Brazilian than black?"

Combating the Myth of Racial Democracy in Brazil  9/1/2013 The Indiana University Undergraduate Journal of History: "Out of this emerged the opinion that racial prejudice and stratification existed more along the lines of wealth and class as opposed to the color of one’s skin. Sociologist Antonio Sérgio Alfredo Guimarães wrote in his essay “The Misadventures of Nonracialism in Brazil” that “in Brazil racism developed in a different way, present in social practice – a racism of attitudes – but unrecognized by the legal system and denied by the nonracialist discourse of nationality.”1 Hence, a myth of racial democracy and inclusion emerged regarding Afro-Brazilians. Namely, this myth propagates that racism and inequality were not as prevalent in Brazil as they were in the United States and that blacks experienced little to no racial oppression."

La lenta construcción de una nueva cultura política en Brasil  7/8/2013 CIP Americas: "Pasados los momentos más álgidos de las movilizaciones en Brasil, parece necesario indagar las raíces de la cultura política horizontal y autónoma que emergió en las calles pero fue madurando al fuego lento de la resistencia cotidiana, impulsada por una nueva generación de luchadores sociales. El diálogo con ellos es el mejor camino para comprender."

Por que um feminismo negro?  6/13/2013 Blogueiras Negras 

IDEOLOGY OF WHITE RACIAL SUPREMACY: COLONIZATION AND DE-COLONIZATION PROCESSES  6/1/2013 Psicologia & Sociedad: "This article is a literature review on how the ideology of white racial supremacy dehumanizes and colonizes the minds of Whites and Blacks in Brazil. For this aim I use critical references about whiteness to highlight dehumanization processes in Whites, and I make use of critical references of Black and African studies to examine specific dehumanization processes of the Black population. Furthermore, the work seeks to reflect on possibilities of mental humanization and de-colonization in both groups considering current policies of Affirmative Action in Education in Brazil."

Document points to a late 1980s extreme right plan to exterminate poor populations  4/24/2013 Black Women of Brazil: 'the constituted Executive, Legislative and Judiciary powers may request the assistance of the Armed Forces to take charge of the hard task of facing this horde of bandits, neutralizing them, even destroying them, in order to maintain law and order.” (p. 285, emphasis and italics added) The Southern Command of the Armed Forces of the USA publishes a magazine called Dialogue (Diálogo in Portuguese) that circulates in the military. In this publication, there is a clear spread of the idea that the role of the Armed Forces of Latin America countries is to fight against drug trafficking and organized crime, often citing the examples (positive for them) of the role played by the military in Colombia and Mexico. It is evident that the magazine argues that these military actions should occur with the “know how” of the US. Thus, besides a crackdown, this policy is a disguised form of US intervention in Latin American countries."

In Brazil, decades of intermarriage haven't changed whites' supremacy  3/18/2013 AP: "Many Brazilians cast their country as racial democracy where people of different groups long have intermarried, resulting in a large mixed-race population. But you need only turn on the TV, open the newspaper or stroll down the street to see clear evidence of segregation."

The BBQ activists  2/22/2013 FT: "Across Brazil, disgruntled citizens have been using Facebook to organise ‘barbecue protests’ – mass demonstrations-cum-street-parties with cooked meat "

According to insiders, “In each battalion of the Military Police there’s a death squad”: Does this explain why so many black men are being killed?  1/24/2013 Black Women of Brazil: "Civil Police reveal how the new death squads of São Paulo work and denounce the persecutions the agents suffer that refuse to kill and torture."

Is Brazil a “Racial Democracy”?  9/5/2012 American Renaissance: "Edward Telles, a professor of sociology at Princeton, has written a useful book that blows the whistle on Brazil’s “racial democracy” and the claim that the country has somehow solved problems that baffle the rest of us. Prof. Telles calls for greater honesty in describing the race question, but his proposed solution—quotas—would only light the fuse for greater conflict. His basic position is that genetic explanations for race differences have been refuted and that inequality is a product of culture. His descriptions of Brazilian society thoroughly debunk the image of harmony."

Brazil - An Inconvenient History (Legendado Pt-Br)  6/2/2012 YouTube: BBC, English with Brazilian subtitles. "Brazil was built on the back of the largest forced migration in history."

Century-old Afro-Brazilian religion under threat  12/14/2011 AP: "Although an estimated 400,000 Brazilians such as Cardoso follow the religion, they also continue to face prejudices that clash with the country's public image of racial and religious harmony. Intolerance and outright hostility against Umbanda, as well as Brazil's other major African-descended religion Candomble, have recently returned to the spotlight as religious-freedom activists denounce the demolition of a house known as Umbanda's birthplace. At the same time, the owner of another Umbanda temple in the same city, Sao Goncalo, across the bay from Rio, is fighting an eminent domain order to turn his house into a sports center."

Brazil census shows African-Brazilians in the majority for the first time  11/17/2011 Guardian: "For the first time since records began black and mixed race people form the majority of Brazil's population, the country's latest census has confirmed. Preliminary results from the 2010 census, released on Wednesday, show that 97 million Brazilians, or 50.7% of the population, now define themselves as black or mixed race, compared with 91 million or 47.7% who label themselves white. The proportion of Brazilians declaring themselves white was down from 53.7% in 2000, when Brazil's last census was held. But the proportion of people declaring themselves black or mixed race has risen from 44.7% to 50.7%, making African-Brazilians the official majority for the first time."

Anti-blackness in Brazil's media, Al Jazeera, 10/14/17

Black Movements in Brazil  4/28/2009 Blog da Policia Militar do Estado de Goias 

Brazil: Racism takes many hues  6/24/2007 Miami Herald: "Visiting Brazil, where race has a way of seeming both hauntingly familiar and exotically strange, the experience is like looking into a fun-house mirror."

Movimento Negro Brasileiro: alguns apontamentos históricos  4/1/2006 Tempo: "A finalidade deste artigo é fazer alguns apontamentos acerca de um tema subexplorado na historiografia brasileira: a trajetória do movimento negro organizado durante a República (1889-2000), com as etapas, os atores e suas propostas. A idéia central é demonstrar que, em todo o período republicano, esse movimento vem desenvolvendo diversas estratégias de luta pela inclusão social do negro e superação do racismo na sociedade brasileira."

Affirmative Action in Brazil - the Day of the Lambs  2/23/2006 Black Commentator: "Today, white Affirmative Action is everywhere in Brazil but, at least in one sector, higher education, its days are ending. For a long time - a time that lasted from the country's discovery until two years ago - white students in Brazil could count on a kind of Affirmative Action for their own exclusive benefit. Among other things, that privilege explains why 98% of professors with masters or Ph.D degrees are white and why, although 48% of the population is black, only 14% of university students are black. White AA was not created by nature, of course, but was a perverse manmade system. At first, it was supported by laws that made it a crime to teach a slave how to read and write. Following that, other laws blocked their access to the land and profitable professions. Thus, abolition ended official slavery, but, far from being free, blacks were stigmatized by ignorance and condemned to material poverty, which provide the White Affirmative Action with subsistence. That's why, today, blacks and whites can be found, in the same proportion, in three places: slums, prisons and mental institutions. But not in professorships, justice, diplomacy and in first rank of government."

Racism in a Racial Democracy: The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil  9/25/2005 NACLA: "“Why are you importing a U.S. problem into our society? We are not black, or white, or Indian. We are all Latin Americans.” This discourse of silencing race is upheld by people from all segments of the political spectrum in Latin America. Nonetheless, a scholarship highlighting the significance of racial stratification in the region has been in place for 40 years. Here I review books on racism in Brazil that exemplify the current wave of racial studies in Latin America."

Brazil’s Black Civil Rights Activists Achieving Overdue Policy Reform  4/26/2005 Americas Program 

Blacks' push for quotas stirs up Brazil  2/9/2004 AP 

Afrobrazilianists: Such Arrogance!  5/16/2003 Brazzil 

Racial Quotas in Brazil Touch Off Fierce Debate  4/5/2003 NYT: "The Brazilian government, responding to demands to improve the lot of the black population, has begun imposing racial quotas for government jobs, contracts and university admissions. But that has unleashed an acrimonious debate in a country that traditionally prides itself on being a harmonious "racial democracy." "

Community - Life in the Ghettos of Brazil  10/11/2002 NarcoNews: "In this world, a favela is a favela... once and always the same... the same in India, Bolivia, Mexico or Brazil. It's a place where the expectations of life, for dignity and justice, have indexes lower than those that can be measured by the intellectual myopia of the World Bank. And here, in the most industrialized city of the continent, with 18 million inhabitants in the metropolitan zone and its urban sprawl, this correspondent invites you on a tour…"

Race, nationalism and social theory in Brazil: rethinking Gilberto Freyre  6/1/1999 David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies 

Racism in a Racial Democracy: The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil  1/1/1999 Transforming Anthropology 

Against Racism: Search for an Alliance between Afro-Brazilians and Brazilian Jews in the early 1990s  2/28/1996 Estudios Interdisciplinarios de América Latina y el Caribe: "In late 1992, Black and Jewish organizations in Brazil formed an unprecedented alliance against racial hatred and discrimination, in response to singular expressions of overt intolerance based on race and ethnicity. During the transition from the 1980s to the 1990s, right-wing extremist groups and activities increased sharply in Europe, as illustrated by the rise of neo-Nazism. This neo-Nazi escalation also had an impact in Brazil. [1] "Carecas do Subúrbio" ("Suburban Skinheads"), "Carecas do Brasil" ("Skinheads of Brazil"), and "White Power" are Brazilian groups that emerged under the influence of 'punk' splinter groups, especially from North America and Western Europe. With the exception of the White Power, which boasts a White middle-class membership, Brazilian skinheads are young working-class people from large cities, such as São Paulo or Rio de Janeiro, who live in extremely violent and poor neighborhoods."

Links/Enlacestop

Nilma Lino Gomes - Ex-ministra das Mulheres, Igualdade Racial, Juventude
e Direitos Humanos

AfroBrazilian Media

blackwomenofbrazil.co

Blogueiras Negras

Jornal Afronta
www.facebook.com/jornalafronta/

negrobelchior.cartacapital.com.br

Portal Afro
www.portalafro.com.br
    

Revista da ABPN
www.abpnrevista.org.br/

www.facebook.com/revistadaabpn/


Brazilian Sites on AfroCuba

nescuba.blogspot.com/

www.nescuba.unb.br/       

www.racismoemcuba.blogspot.com - con un enfoque completo en la disidencia cubana

AfroBrazilian Organizations

Associação Brasileira de Pesquisadores(as) Negros(as)
www.abpn.org.br

www.facebook.com/abpn.org.br/

Coletivo Nuvem Negra
www.facebook.com/coletivonuvemnegra/

contraogenocidio.blogspot.com.br/

Ilú Obá De Min
Em Yorubá significa: Mãos femininas que tocam tambor para Xangô
iluobademin.com.br/

www.facebook.com/iluobademin/

Jovem Negro Vivo
anistia.org.br/campanhas/jovemnegrovivo/

www.museuafrobrasil.org.br/

Redes da Maré
www.facebook.com/redesdamare/

Curta! Com: Yasmin Thayná, diretora de "KBELA"
Books, Peopletop

Abdias do Nascimento

Marielle Franco
www.mariellefranco.com.br/

www.facebook.com/MarielleFrancoPSOL/

twitter.com/mariellefranco

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marielle_Franco

Nilma Lino Gomes
es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilma_Lino_Gomes

Yasmin Thayna
www.instagram.com/yasminthayna/

Racism in a Racial Democracy: The Maintenance of White Supremacy in Brazil
Click here for pricing & to order  ==> Amazon.com

Núcleo de Estudos Afro-brasileiro e Indígena (NEABI)
ifrs.edu.br/extensao/assessoria-de-acoes-inclusivas/nucleo-de-estudo-afro-brasileiro-e-indigena-neabi/

pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afro-brasileiros

41º Batalhão de Polícia Militar (PMERJ)

The 41st Battalion of MPs was operational in the area where Mirielle Franco was killed. As each battalion has its own death squad, it would be logical to assume that its death squad was responsible for her death, as there is a program to kill black people in Brazil, something Mirielle was apparently too vocal about. (According to insiders, “In each battalion of the Military Police there’s a death squad”: Does this explain why so many black men are being killed?  1/24/2013 Black Women of Brazil) However, we know from other places that hit squads can be contracted at a distance to provide better security and deniability. For example in Honduras, the police contract with gangsters from an area far away or even out of the country, this is standard operating procedure. Honduras was not formally a member of Plan Condor along with Brazil, but there could be some coordination through US military assistance programs. If this were the case, the 41st Battalion's role would be to clear the way and protect the squad.

Facebook page: www.facebook.com/41bpmoficial

Wikipedia entry: pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/41%C2%BA_Batalh%C3%A3o_de_Pol%C3%ADcia_Militar_(PMERJ)

Official page: www.pmerj.rj.gov.br/tag/41-bpm/

Irajá: www.encontrairaja.com.br/iraja/quadragesimo-primeiro-batalhao-policia-militar-iraja.shtml

Ammunition Which Killed Marielle Franco in Rio Stolen from Police  3/17/2018 Rio Times: "The ammunition used to kill Rio de Janeiro councilwoman, Marielle Franco and her driver on Wednesday night came from a lot sold to the Federal Police in 2006 and stolen from a post office storage facility in the state of Paraiba, confirmed Public Secretary Minister Raul Jungmann on Friday night... The official also links this lot of ammunition to the one used in São Paulo’s Metropolitan Area in August of 2015 where in a single night seventeen people were killed in several spots around the region. Three military police officers and a local police officer were convicted of the crimes... The report said that bullets from this lot were also used in crimes involving rival drug trafficking gangs in Rio’s Metropolitan area of São Gonçalo between 2015 and 2017." [The link to drug traffickers is a classic sign of US style clandestine ops. Those folks are reliable, they will not leak.]

Batalhão de Irajá é recordista em mortes decorrentes de ação policial no Rio  3/31/2017 Globo: [The Batallion implicated in the murder of Mirielle Franco, 2018]

Levantamento mostra que área do 41º BPM (Irajá) é a mais perigosa da cidade  3/7/2015 Odia: [The Batallion implicated in the murder of Mirielle Franco, 2018]

Coronel preso no Rio já foi "caveira" e transferiu PMs para manter esquema... - Veja mais em https://noticias.uol.com.br/cotidiano/ultimas-noticias/2014/09/15/coronel-preso-por-propina-no-rio-ja-foi-oficial-do-bope.htm?cmpid=copiaecola  9/15/2014 UOL: "Em setembro de 2010, Fontenelle assumiu o comando do recém criado 41º Batalhão, em Irajá."

a few pics - www.pinterest.com/pin/560909328567805232/

Telephones: 41º BPM (Irajá)
Sala de Operações: 2333-8416
P-2: 2333-8422

 

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