Mala Lengua  
 
AfroCubaWeb
  Home - Portal | Music - Música | Authors - Autores | Arts - Artes 
  Site Map - Mapa del Sitio | News - Noticias | Search ACW - Buscar en ACW 
 
  Mala Lengua
 

El Consejo Supremo de la Asociación Abacuá de Cuba - Buro Abakuá
Consejo Supremo Abakuá de Cuba - Asociación Abakuá de Cuba

The Abakuá are traditionally organized into potencias or lodges, which descend from the Ékpè lodges of Calabar in the Cross River Delta in Nigeria and adjoining Cameroon.

The phrase "Buro Abakuá" is the popular short-hand reference to the "Consejo Supremo de la Asociación Abacuá de Cuba," and since many Abakuá don't recognize the Consejo as legitimate, the term "Buro" is a way of saying "administrative," therefore oppressive, since Abakua is essentially an urban cimarron group that repels being administrated.

Despite the terminology, the Buro was originally a creation of the authentic Abakuá potentias. In 1960 as Cuba was nationalizing all property, some Abakuá leaders drew a line and said: "We need separation between state and religion. Abakuá is a religion. We are more Cuban than the palm tree. Leave us alone." They created a "Buro Abakuá" to confront the excesses of the Revolution. That didn't work: in 1967 the state prohibited any Abakuá initiation during the Quinquenio Gris. This lasted until 1977, so it was more like the Decada Gris.

From 1960 to 1991, the state trained Abakuá initiates to infiltrate the lodges and spy on them, and they sought the complete integration of Abakuá into the state. Possibly some of the comrades were reacting to the presence of former Batistianos in the lodges, but there are former Batistianos across most aspects of Cuban life. This is a case of over-reaching, excessive state control. There were also a number of comrades in the lodges, it is a religion and a culture, not a political organization.

Just as with Ifa and the Asociación Cultural Yoruba, creating or adapting a body to oversee the numerous expressions of African religion is difficult because there never was a supreme Abakuá leader or organization, just many autonomous lodges (potencias).  Ifa was never centrally organized in Cuba either. Many of the members of the Buro don't know the rituals well and they are not respected by rank and file Abakuá. Their ignorance spills over into the descriptions they give of Abakuá.

In 1991, around the time of the IVth Party Congress, the state approved of the Buro Abakuá (Consejo supremo) to represent - eg, control - Abakuá and mediate between it and the state.

The Buro and the state dismiss the whole issue of African roots as bogus since creolisation or transculturation has supposedly Cubanized everything. Thus they feel that the state has a right to control it. This over-emphasis on the primacy of the Republic is part of the dis-ease of republican ideals which Cuba inherited from the French.

There is a Buro Abakuá in every town where there are Abakua members, they are organized under the provincial Buros. Each municipal Buro oversees one or more Buros, which are committees made up of state sanctioned Abakuá initiates. The Buros oversee the relationships between the government and the real African structures, which are the old potencias or lodges. The Buro do not have any say in the internal affairs of the potencias.

The Buro structure is completely separate from the traditional potencias originally founded by Africans from Calabar (Carabali in Spanish) in the Cross River Delta. These African potencias are related to the Ékpè lodges in Calabar and carry the same names in a number of cases. It is hard to imagine Ékpè members recognizing the state created Buros as valid or authentic and indeed they don't.

El Consejo Supremo de la Asociación Abacuá de Cuba

Ángel Freire, former President, has fled to the US
Arístides La Madrid, Vicepresidente
Dr. Orlando Gutiérrez Boza, Secretario de Asuntos Religiosos
Ramon Torres Zayas, miembro

Buró Provincial Abakuá de La Habana

Dr. Orlando Gutiérrez Boza, miembro

Past presidents

Gerardo, Mokóngo Akamaroro Efo, president from around 1962 up to around 1969, a police chief under Batista. He could not have been severe, else he would have been imprisoned or executed.
Wifredo, Mokóngo de Ekobio Endure, (emigrated to the US)
Fernando Valdés, who was Ekueñón de Efóri Muñánga Ékue and a member of the communist party. He killed himself recently.
Ángel Freyre, member of the communist party. He recently fled to Miami, allegedly with Buro funds

-- Andy Petit   


Articulos/Articles

Una opinión abakúa sobre discurso de Barack Obama  3/22/2016 YouTube: "Orlando Gutiérrez del Consejo supremo de la Asociación AbaKuá opina sobre el discurso del presidente Barack Obama a la sociedad civil cubana y expresa que no se puede avanzar más mientras esté el bloqueo y se nos devuelva la base naval."

Hermandad abakuá reivindica memoria de héroes negros  11/29/2015 Progreso Semanal: "El grupo Anamuto, integrado por la Cátedra de Pensamiento Haydée Santamaría, el Consejo Supremo Abakuá de Cuba y el Grupo Chequendeke, coordinó la actividad, cuyo inicio fue una peregrinación desde áreas aledañas al popular Capitolio habanero hasta la intersección de las calles Chacón y Morro, en la Habana Vieja. El escritor Tato Quiñones, consagrado a reflejar en sus obras diversas aristas de la huella africana en Cuba, señaló que “los caídos del 27 de noviembre de 1871 fueron 13 y así debe reconocerse”."

Abakuás conmemoran el fusilamiento de los estudiantes de Medicina  11/24/2014 Negra Cubana: Por Tato Quiñones - "El próximo jueves 27 de noviembre de 2014, a las 2 de la tarde, y bajo el frondoso jagüey de la esquina e Morro y Colón, en La Habana Vieja, la Cátedra de pensamiento Haydee Santamaría, el grupo Anamuto, el Consejo Supremo de las Hermandades Abakuá y la Asociación Cultural Yoruba de Cuba, conmemoraremos el 143 aniversario del fusilamiento de los ocho estudiantes de medicina asesinados en la explanada de La Punta, y la inmolación de los cinco héroes negros, ñáñigos anónimos que protagonizaron la protesta armada ante aquel crimen horrendo perpetrado el 27 de noviembre de 1871."

El Consejo Supremo de la Asociación Abacuá de Cuba - Buro Abakuá  12/1/2012 AfroCubaWeb: "… the Buro was originally a creation of the authentic Abakuá potentias. In 1960 as Cuba was nationalizing all property, some Abakuá leaders drew a line and said: "We need separation between state and religion. Abakuá is a religion. We are more Cuban than the palm tree. Leave us alone." They created a "Buro Abakuá" to confront the excesses of the Revolution. That didn't work: in 1967 the state prohibited any Abakuá initiation. This lasted until 1977. From 1960 to 1991, the state trained Abakuá initiates to infiltrate the lodges and spy, and they sought the complete integration of Abakuá into the state. Possibly some of the comrades were reacting to the presence of former Batistianos in the lodges, but there are former Batistianos across most aspects of Cuban life! This is a case of over-reaching, excessive state control. There were also a number of comrades in the lodges, it is a religion, not a political organization."

Sociedad Cultural Yoruba y el Buró Abakuá  1/15/2010 Buscador Mistico 

Dirigentes de religiones cubanas de origen africano se reúnen con el PCC  6/1/2005 Tiempo de Cuba: "Miriam García, directora de Asociaciones en el Ministerio de Justicia, informó que se encuentran en proceso de legalización las fliares de la ACYC de Matanzas, Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Villa Clara y Holguín y que ya están listos los estatutos de la Asociación Abakuá de Cuba."

La secta Abakuá hace votos por la recuperación de Castro  11/6/2004 AFP: "''Lo admiramos por ser un hombre valiente, decidido e inclaudicable'', dice el mensaje firmado por el presidente del Consejo Supremo de la Asociación Abakuá de Cuba, Angel Freyre Fernández (Iyamba Potencia Erumé Efó)." [This is actually from the Buro Abakua, a State institution which has little to do with the real Abakua potencias, which maintain their independence to this day.]

LOS ABAKUÁS APOYAN AL GOBIERNO  1/22/1999 Cuba Free Press: "La última de estas declaraciones la produjo la Asociación Abakuá de Cuba –comúnmente conocida como "ñáñigos"— que reúne a los miembros de una antigua secta afrocubana, compuesta solamente por hombres y que se precian de ser valientes, lo que en su jerga equivale a decir que son hombre a tó'. "Los abakuás condenan la cínica política del gobierno norteamericano", expresa el comunicado, al tiempo que reafirma su apoyo al gobierno castrista. La nota de prensa agrega que los hombres ñáñigos nunca se prestarán a lo que calificaron como "juego de los yanquis". Nada, que son tipos durísimos."


Links/Enlaces
top

www.ecured.cu/index.php/Sociedad_Secreta_Abaku%C3%A1 con lista de 'plantes'. This is an error as the plante is a ceremony, not a lodge or potencia.

 

 

Contacting AfroCubaWeb


Electronic mail


     acw_AT_afrocubaweb.com [replace _AT_ with @]

[AfroCubaWeb] [Site Map] [Music] [Arts] [Authors] [News] [Search this site]

Copyright © 2009 AfroCubaWeb, S.A.